2019 House Joint Resolution 1005 - Printed

State of South Dakota  
NINETY-FOURTH SESSION
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY, 2019  

398B0266   HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION   NO.  1005  

Introduced by:    Representatives Steele, Anderson, Barthel, Beal, Deutsch, Gross, Hansen, Haugaard, Jensen (Kevin), Latterell, Mills, Otten (Herman), Perry, Peterson (Kent), Peterson (Sue), Pischke, Post, Qualm, Rasmussen, Schoenfish, Willadsen, and Zikmund and Senators Curd, Blare, Bolin, DiSanto, Jensen (Phil), Kolbeck, Langer, Maher, Monroe, Novstrup, Otten (Ernie), Stalzer, Steinhauer, Sutton, Wiik, and Youngberg
 

        A JOINT RESOLUTION, To apply for a convention of states under Article V of the Constitution of the United States to impose fiscal restraints on the federal government, to limit the power and jurisdiction of the federal government, and to limit the terms of office for federal officials and members of Congress.
BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA, THE SENATE CONCURRING THEREIN:
    WHEREAS, the founders of the Constitution empowered state legislators to be guardians of liberty against the future abuses of power by the federal government; and
    WHEREAS, the federal government has created a crushing national debt through improper and imprudent spending; and
    WHEREAS, the federal government has invaded the legitimate roles of the state through the manipulative process of federal mandates, most of which are unfunded to a great extent; and
    WHEREAS, the federal government has ceased to live under a proper interpretation of the

Constitution of the United States; and

    WHEREAS, it is the solemn duty of the states to protect the liberty of our people, particularly for the generations to come, by proposing amendments to the Constitution of the United States through a convention of the states under Article V for the purpose of restraining these and related abuses of power:
    NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, by the House of Representatives of the Ninety-fourth Legislature of the State of South Dakota, the Senate concurring therein, that the Legislature of the State of South Dakota hereby applies to Congress, under the provisions of Article V of the Constitution of the United States, for the calling of a convention of the states limited to proposing amendments to the Constitution of the United States that impose fiscal restraints on the federal government, limit the power and jurisdiction of the federal government, and limit the terms of office for federal officials and for members of Congress; and
    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the secretary of state is hereby directed to transmit copies of this application to the President and Secretary of the United States Senate and to the Speaker and Clerk of the United States House of Representatives; and copies to the members of the United States Senate and House of Representatives from this state; and also to transmit copies to the presiding officers of each of the legislative houses in the several states, requesting their cooperation; and
    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that this application constitutes a continuing application in accordance with Article V of the Constitution of the United States until the legislatures of at least two-thirds of the several states have made applications on the same subject; and
    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the Legislature adopts this application expressly subject to the following reservations, understandings, and declarations:
            (1)    An application to the Congress of the United States to call an amendment convention

of the states pursuant to Article V of the United States Constitution confers no power to Congress other than the power to call the convention. The power of Congress to exercise this ministerial duty consists solely of the authority to name a reasonable time and place for the initial meeting of a convention;

            (2)    Congress shall perform its ministerial duty of calling a convention of the states only upon the receipt of applications for a convention for the substantially same purpose as this application from two-thirds of the legislatures of the several states;
            (3)    Congress does not have the power or authority to determine any rules for the governing of a convention for proposing amendments called pursuant to Article V of the United States Constitution. Congress does not have the power to set the number of delegates to be sent by any state to the convention, nor does it have the power to name delegates to the convention. The power to name delegates remains exclusively within the authority of the legislatures of the several states;
            (4)    By definition, an amendment convention of the states means that states shall vote on the basis of one state, one vote;
            (5)    A convention for proposing amendments convened pursuant to this application must be limited to consideration of the topics specified herein and no other. This application is made with the express understanding that an amendment that in any way seeks to amend, modify, or repeal any provision of the Bill of Rights is not authorized for consideration at any stage. This application is void ab initio if ever used at any stage to consider any change to any provision of the Bill of Rights;
            (6)    Pursuant to Article V of the United States Constitution, Congress may determine whether proposed amendments must be ratified by the legislatures of the several states or by special state ratification conventions. The Legislature recommends

Congress select ratification by the legislatures of the several states; and

            (7)    The Legislature may provide further instructions to the state's delegates and may recall its delegates at any time for a breach of a duty or a violation of the instructions provided.

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