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          44:03:01:08.03.  Equipment standards for medical fluoroscopic X ray machines. Fluoroscopic X ray equipment shall be image intensified and the standards are as follows:

 

          (1)  The filtration or beam quality is considered adequate if the total in the beam is not less than the table below:

 

Operating Voltage vs. Total Filtration Required

(Total filtration = inherent plus added)

Operating Voltage

 

(Peak kilovolt) (kVp)

(Millimeters aluminum equivalent)

 

 

Below 50

0.5 millimeters

50 -- 70

1.5 millimeters

Above 70

2.5 millimeters

 

          (2)  A manually reset, cumulative timing device shall be used which must either indicate elapsed time by an audible signal or turn off the apparatus if the total exposure exceeds a predetermined limit in one or a series of exposures. The device shall have a maximum range of five minutes;

 

          (3)  Any exposure to the operator's eyes above the screen and to the operator's waist behind the leaded drapes may not exceed 50 milliroentgens per hour;

 

          (4)  For routine fluoroscopy, the tabletop exposure may not exceed:

 

               (a)  Ten roentgens per minute with automatic exposure rate control;

 

               (b)  Twenty roentgens per minute with optional high level control provided. A continuous signal audible to the operator shall indicate that the high level control is being employed; or

 

               (c)  Five roentgens per minute with fluoroscopic equipment without automatic exposure control;

 

          (5)  The fluoroscopic X ray field may not exceed the visible area of the image receptor by more than four percent of the SID; and

 

          (6)  A dead-man switch shall control the fluoroscopic device.

 

          Source: 26 SDR 96, effective January 23, 2000.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-21-4.1, 34-21-15.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-21-4.1, 34-21-15.

 


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