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CHAPTER 19-19

SOUTH DAKOTA RULES OF EVIDENCE

ARTICLE I. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

19-19-101      Scope--Definitions.
19-19-102      Purpose.
19-19-103      Rulings on evidence.
19-19-104      Preliminary questions.
19-19-105      Limiting evidence that is not admissible against other parties or for other purposes.
19-19-106      Remainder of or related writings or recorded statements.

ARTICLE II. JUDICIAL NOTICE.

19-19-201      Judicial notice of adjudicative facts.
ARTICLE III. PRESUMPTIONS.

19-19-301      Presumptions in civil cases.
19-19-302      Presumptions in criminal cases.
ARTICLE IV. RELEVANCE AND ITS LIMITS.

19-19-401      Test for relevant evidence.
19-19-402      Relevant evidence generally admissible--Irrelevant evidence inadmissible.
19-19-403      Excluding relevant evidence for prejudice, confusion, waste of time, or other reasons.
19-19-404      Character evidence--Crimes or other acts.
19-19-405      Methods of proving character.
19-19-406      Habit--Routine practice.
19-19-407      Subsequent remedial measures.
19-19-408      Compromise offers and negotiations.
19-19-409      Offers to pay medical and similar expenses.
19-19-410      Pleas, plea discussions, and related statements.
19-19-411      Liability insurance.
19-19-411.1      Statements and actions by health care providers not admissible to prove negligence in medical malpractice actions.
19-19-412      Sex-offense cases--Victim's sexual behavior or predisposition.
ARTICLE V. PRIVILEGES.

19-19-501      Privileges recognized only as provided.
19-19-502      Lawyer-client privilege.
19-19-503      Physician and psychotherapist-patient privilege.
19-19-504      Spousal privilege.
19-19-505      Religious privilege.
19-19-506      Vote at public election.
19-19-507      Trade secrets.
19-19-508      Confidential communications to public officer.
19-19-508.1      Elementary or secondary school counselor and student--Exceptions.
19-19-508.2      College or university counselor and student--Exceptions--Qualifications of counselor.
19-19-509      Identity of informer.
19-19-510      Waiver of privilege by voluntary disclosure.
19-19-511      Privilege not waived by involuntary disclosure.
19-19-512      Comment upon or inference from claim of privilege--Instruction.
19-19-513      Motorist's refusal to submit to chemical test of intoxication admissible--Privilege against self-incrimination may not be claimed.
19-19-514      Sign language interpreter or relay service operator privilege.
19-19-515      Mediation privilege.
19-19-516      Communications concerning execution of inmate.
ARTICLE VI. WITNESSES.

19-19-601      Competency to testify in general.
19-19-602      Need for personal knowledge--Exception for expert opinion.
19-19-603      Oath or affirmation to testify truthfully.
19-19-603.1      Form for oath of witness.
19-19-603.2      Form for affirmation of witness.
19-19-604      Form for oath of interpreter.
19-19-605      Judge's competency as a witness.
19-19-606      Juror's competency as a witness.
19-19-607      Who may impeach a witness.
19-19-608      A witness's character for truthfulness or untruthfulness.
19-19-609      Impeachment by evidence of a criminal conviction.
19-19-610      Religious beliefs or opinions.
19-19-611      Mode and order of examining witnesses and presenting evidence.
19-19-611.1      Address of witness--Release in open court restricted.
19-19-612      Writing used to refresh a witness's memory.
19-19-613      Witness's prior statement.
19-19-614      Court's calling or examining a witness.
19-19-615      Excluding witnesses.
ARTICLE VII. OPINIONS AND EXPERT TESTIMONY.

19-19-701      Opinion testimony by lay witnesses.
19-19-702      Testimony by expert.
19-19-703      Bases of opinion testimony by experts.
19-19-704      Opinion on an ultimate issue.
19-19-705      Disclosure of facts or data underlying expert opinion.
19-19-706      Court-appointed expert witnesses.
19-19-707      Experts called by parties.
ARTICLE VIII. HEARSAY.

19-19-801      Definitions that apply to this article--Exclusions from hearsay.
19-19-802      Rule against hearsay.
19-19-803      Exceptions to the rule against hearsay--Regardless of whether the declarant is available as a witness.
19-19-803.1      Physician's written report in lieu of deposition or in-court testimony admissible.
19-19-803.2      Physician's written report--Affidavit--Notice--Objection.
19-19-804      Exceptions to rule against hearsay--When declarant unavailable as witness.
19-19-805      Hearsay within hearsay.
19-19-806      Attacking and supporting the declarant.
19-19-806.1      Statement by child under age thirteen or child with developmental disability regarding sex crime, physical abuse, or neglect.
19-19-806.2      Statements alleging child abuse or neglect.
19-19-807      Residual exception.
ARTICLE IX. AUTHENTICATION AND IDENTIFICATION.

19-19-901      Authenticating or identifying evidence.
19-19-902      Evidence that is self-authenticating.
19-19-903      Subscribing witnesses.
ARTICLE X. CONTENTS OF WRITINGS, RECORDINGS, AND PHOTOGRAPHS.

19-19-1001      Definitions that apply to this article.
19-19-1002      Requirement of the original.
19-19-1003      Admissibility of duplicates.
19-19-1004      Admissibility of other evidence of content.
19-19-1005      Copies of public records to prove content.
19-19-1006      Summaries to prove content.
19-19-1007      Testimony or statement of a party to prove content.
19-19-1008      Functions of the court and jury.
19-19-1009      TDD and TTY communications inadmissible as evidence.
ARTICLE XI. MISCELLANEOUS RULES.

19-19-1101      Applicability of chapter.
19-19-1102      Title.


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