22-46-1 Definition of terms.
Definition of terms.
Terms used in this chapter mean:
"Adult with a disability," a person eighteen years of age or older who has a condition of
intellectual disability, infirmities of aging as manifested by organic brain damage,
advanced age, or other physical dysfunctioning to the extent that the person is unable to
protect himself or herself or provide for his or her own care;
"Caretaker," a person or entity who is entrusted with the property of an elder or adult with
a disability, or who is responsible for the health or welfare of an elder or adult with a
disability, and who assumes the position of trust or responsibility voluntarily, by contract,
by receipt of payment, or by order of the court;
"Elder," a person sixty-five years of age or older;
"Emotional and psychological abuse," a caretaker's willful, malicious, and repeated
A sexual act or the simulation of a sexual act directed at and without the consent
of the elder or adult with a disability that involves nudity or is obscene;
Harm or damage or destruction of the property of an elder or adult with a disability,
including harm to or destruction of pets; or
Ridiculing or demeaning conduct, derogatory remarks, verbal harassment, or
threats to inflict physical or emotional and psychological abuse, directed at an elder
or adult with a disability;
"Exploitation," the wrongful taking or exercising of control over property of an elder or
adult with a disability with intent to defraud the elder or adult with a disability;
"Neglect," harm to the health or welfare of an elder or an adult with a disability, without
reasonable medical justification, caused by a caretaker, within the means available for the
elder or adult with a disability, including the failure to provide adequate food, clothing,
shelter, or medical care; and
"Physical abuse," physical harm, bodily injury, attempt to cause physical harm or injury,
or fear of imminent physical harm or bodily injury.
SL 1986, ch 186, § 1; SL 1990, ch 171, § 1; SL 2005, ch 120, § 339; SL 2007, ch 147, § 1;
SL 2013, ch 125, § 4; SL 2016, ch 120, § 1.