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CHAPTER 33-10

UNIFORM STATE CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE

33-10-1 to 33-10-19. Repealed.

PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

33-10-20      Definitions.
33-10-21      Persons subject to this code.
33-10-22      Subject matter jurisdiction--Primary jurisdiction.
33-10-23      Jurisdiction over persons charged with fraudulent discharge.
33-10-24      Jurisdiction over deserters.
33-10-25      Applicability to persons in duty status or where nexus exists between offense and state military functions--Civilian jurisdiction.
33-10-26      Extraterritorial jurisdiction.
33-10-27      Judge advocate supervision.
33-10-28      Communication with judge advocates.
33-10-29      Judge advocate to reviewing authority.
PART II. APPREHENSION AND RESTRAINT.

33-10-30      Apprehension defined.
33-10-31      Persons authorized to apprehend upon probable cause.
33-10-32      Quelling of or apprehension for quarrels, frays, and disorders.
33-10-33      Extradition.
33-10-34      Fees for apprehension.
33-10-35      Arrest and confinement defined.
33-10-36      Arrest or confinement of enlisted member.
33-10-37      Arrest or confinement of commissioned officer, warrant officer, or civilian.
33-10-38      Probable cause to arrest or confine.
33-10-39      Custody before notification of proper authority.
33-10-40      Notice of offense--Diligent steps for trial or dismissal.
33-10-41      Place of confinement.
33-10-42      Receiving of prisoners.
33-10-43      Reports of prisoners.
33-10-44      Confinement with enemy prisoners prohibited.
33-10-45      Punishment prohibited before trial.
33-10-46      Delivery of offenders to civil authorities.
33-10-47      Completion of sentence of court martial upon return from civil authority.
33-10-48      Failure of enlisted member to report for duty--Arrest--Fees.
33-10-49      Arrest or confinement for disobedience or disruption--Trespassers.
PART III. NON-JUDICIAL PUNISHMENT.

33-10-50      Commanding officer's non-judicial punishment.
33-10-51      Forms of punishment by any commanding officer.
33-10-52      Forms of punishment by major, lieutenant commander, or above.
33-10-53      Forms of punishment by Governor, adjutant general, or certain other officers.
33-10-54      Duration of consecutive punishments.
33-10-55      Arrest in quarters or restriction--Notice regarding right to trial by court-martial.
33-10-56      Suspension or mitigation of punishment.
33-10-57      Appeal.
33-10-58      Punishment not a bar to trial by court-martial or civilian court--Consideration of disciplinary punishment.
33-10-59      Forfeiture of pay.
33-10-60      Promulgation of rules regarding records.
PART IV. COURT-MARTIAL JURISDICTION.

33-10-61      Courts-martial classified.
33-10-62      Jurisdiction of courts-martial in general.
33-10-63      Jurisdiction of general courts-martial.
33-10-64      Jurisdiction of special courts-martial.
33-10-65      Jurisdiction of summary courts-martial.
33-10-66      Objection to trial by summary courts-martial.
PART V. APPOINTMENT AND COMPOSITION OF COURTS-MARTIAL.

33-10-67      Who may convene general courts-martial.
33-10-68      Who may convene special courts-martial.
33-10-69      Who may convene summary courts-martial.
33-10-70      Commissioned officer service on courts-martial.
33-10-71      Warrant officer service on courts-martial.
33-10-72      Enlisted member service on courts-martial.
33-10-73      Court-martial member to be senior to accused.
33-10-74      Qualifications of court-martial member.
33-10-75      Excuse of court-martial member from participating.
33-10-76      Military judge detailed to general and special court-martial.
33-10-77      Qualifications of military judge.
33-10-78      Admission of military judge pro hac vice.
33-10-79      Designation of military judge--Performance report prohibited.
33-10-80      Military judge may not be accuser, witness, investigator, or counsel.
33-10-81      Consultation with members of court.
33-10-82      Detail of trial counsel and defense counsel.
33-10-83      Counsel may not have been investigator, military judge, witness, court member, or opposing counsel.
33-10-84      Qualifications of counsel.
33-10-85      Admission of defense counsel pro hac vice--Qualifications.
33-10-86      Detail or employment of court reporters and interpreters.
33-10-87      Absent members of court-martial.
33-10-88      Additional members of general court-martial.
33-10-89      Additional members of special court-martial.
33-10-90      Court-martial composed of military judge only--Procedure when military judge unable to proceed.
33-10-91      Marshal--Duties.
33-10-92      Compensation of marshal.
33-10-93      Malfeasance of sheriff or marshal.
33-10-94      Immunity of court members.
PART VI. PRE-TRIAL PROCEDURE.

33-10-95      Charges and specifications.
33-10-96      Compulsory self-incrimination prohibited.
33-10-97      Advice of right to remain silent.
33-10-98      Compulsory self-degradation prohibited.
33-10-99      Exclusion of evidence.
33-10-100      Investigation of charges.
33-10-101      Notice to accused of charges--Right to counsel--Examination of witnesses--Statement of testimony.
33-10-102      Demand for further investigation.
33-10-103      Investigation of uncharged offenses.
33-10-104      Nonjurisdictional error.
33-10-105      Forwarding of charges.
33-10-106      Advice of judge advocate regarding charge.
33-10-107      Contents of judge advocate's statement--Reference for trial.
33-10-108      Correction of charges or specifications.
33-10-109      Service of charges.
PART VII. TRIAL PROCEDURE.

33-10-110      Promulgation of procedural rules by Governor or adjutant general.
33-10-111      Unlawfully influencing action of court.
33-10-112      Report of performance as court-martial member, witness, or counsel prohibited.
33-10-113      Qualifications of trial counsel--Preparation of record.
33-10-114      Qualifications of defense counsel--Rights of accused.
33-10-115      Duties of defense counsel in court-martial proceeding resulting in conviction.
33-10-116      Sessions without presence of court-martial members--Record.
33-10-117      Presence of accused, counsel, and military judge at proceedings--Exception.
33-10-118      Continuances.
33-10-119      Challenges for cause.
33-10-120      Procedure when court members reduced below minimum by challenge for cause.
33-10-121      Peremptory challenges.
33-10-122      Procedure when court members reduced below minimum by peremptory challenge.
33-10-123      Challenges after additional members are detailed.
33-10-124      Oath of military judge, court-martial member, trial counsel, defense counsel, reporter, and interpreter.
33-10-125      Oath of witness.
33-10-126      Statute of limitations.
33-10-127      Unauthorized absence excluded in computing limitation period.
33-10-128      Absence from territory excluded in computing limitation period.
33-10-129      Limitation period during wartime.
33-10-130      Statute of limitations for new charges and specifications following dismissal for defect or insufficiency.
33-10-131      Conditions for new charges and specifications.
33-10-132      Former jeopardy.
33-10-133      Jeopardy where accused found guilty.
33-10-134      Jeopardy where accused not found guilty.
33-10-135      Not guilty plea.
33-10-136      Finding upon guilty plea--Withdrawal of guilty plea.
33-10-137      Opportunity to obtain witnesses and other evidence.
33-10-138      Refusal to appear or testify.
33-10-139      Witness fees.
33-10-140      Contempt.
33-10-141      Oral and written depositions.
33-10-142      Notice of deposition.
33-10-143      Officers before whom deposition taken.
33-10-144      Admissibility of deposition.
33-10-145      Admissibility of records of courts of inquiry.
33-10-146      Defense of lack of mental responsibility.
33-10-147      Burden of proof of lack of mental responsibility.
33-10-148      Findings by court-martial members when lack of mental responsibility at issue.
33-10-149      Findings by military judge or summary court-martial officer when lack of mental responsibility at issue.
33-10-150      Conditions for finding of not guilty by reason of lack of mental responsibility.
33-10-151      Voting by secret written ballot.
33-10-152      Rulings upon questions of law and interlocutory questions.
33-10-153      Instructions.
33-10-154      Findings and rulings by court-martial composed of military judge only.
33-10-155      Number of votes required.
33-10-156      Court to announce action.
33-10-157      Record of proceedings--Authentication.
33-10-158      Contents of record.
33-10-159      Records of summary court-martial.
33-10-160      Copy of record to be given to the accused.
PART VIII. SENTENCES.

33-10-161      Cruel and unusual punishments prohibited.
33-10-162      Maximum sentence--Felony and misdemeanor--Noncriminal conviction.
33-10-163      Limits of punishment.
33-10-164      Forfeitures.
33-10-165      Computation of period of confinement--Effective date of other sentences.
33-10-166      Deferment of sentence to confinement--Rescission.
33-10-167      Deferment until after accused has been permanently released to state military forces.
33-10-168      Persons subject to deferment until permanently released to state military forces.
33-10-169      Deferment of sentence to confinement while review pending.
33-10-170      Place of confinement.
33-10-171      Hard labor.
33-10-172      Fees for confinement.
33-10-173      Reduction of enlisted member pay grade.
33-10-174      Restoration of pay.
33-10-175      Forfeiture of pay and allowances.
33-10-176      Sentences subject to forfeiture of pay and allowances.
33-10-177      Waiver of forfeiture of pay and allowances for dependents of accused.
33-10-178      Restoration of pay and allowances.
PART IX. POST-TRIAL PROCEDURE AND REVIEW OF COURTS-MARTIAL.

33-10-179      Error of law.
33-10-180      Lesser included offense.
33-10-181      Prompt report of findings and sentence to convening authority.
33-10-182      Submission to convening authority of matters for consideration--Time for submission.
33-10-183      Extension of time for submission.
33-10-184      Provision of record to accused.
33-10-185      Waiver of right to make submission.
33-10-186      Authority to modify findings and sentence.
33-10-187      Action on sentence of court-martial.
33-10-188      Action on findings of court-martial.
33-10-189      Recommendation of judge advocate--Response and objection.
33-10-190      Proceeding in revision or rehearing.
33-10-191      Matters considered at proceeding in revision.
33-10-192      Matters considered at rehearing--Dismissal without rehearing.
33-10-193      Withdrawal of appeal.
33-10-194      Time for withdrawal of appeal.
33-10-195      Appeal by the state.
33-10-196      Time for appeal by the state--Contents of notice of appeal.
33-10-197      Diligent prosecution of appeal.
33-10-198      State's appeal to Supreme Court limited to matters of law.
33-10-199      Consideration of delay concerning issue of speedy trial.
33-10-200      Rehearings.
33-10-201      Review by senior force judge advocate.
33-10-202      Circumstances under which record to be sent to adjutant general for action.
33-10-203      Action by adjutant general.
33-10-204      Dismissal when rehearing impracticable.
33-10-205      Action by the Governor.
33-10-206      Senior force judge advocate review of subject matter jurisdiction in case of finding of not guilty.
33-10-207      Action by adjutant general regarding subject matter jurisdiction.
33-10-208      Disposition of records.
33-10-209      Review by Supreme Court.
33-10-210      Appellate government counsel.
33-10-211      Right to counsel on appeal by state.
33-10-212      Right to counsel on appeal by accused.
33-10-213      Appointment of judge advocate to represent accused.
33-10-214      Representation by civilian appellate counsel.
33-10-215      Execution of sentence of dismissal or dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge when appeal not waived or withdrawn.
33-10-216      Execution of sentence when appeal waived or withdrawn.
33-10-217      Probation violation--Hearing--Representation by counsel.
33-10-218      Vacation of suspension--Execution of sentence.
33-10-219      Authority to vacate suspension.
33-10-220      Petition for new trial.
33-10-221      Remission and suspension.
33-10-222      Restoration.
33-10-223      Substitution for dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge.
33-10-224      Reappointment of commissioned officer.
33-10-225      Finality of proceedings, findings, and sentences.
33-10-226      Leave required pending review of certain court-martial convictions.
33-10-227      Commitment of person incompetent to stand trial.
33-10-228      Action in accordance with statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial.
33-10-229      Notice of determination that accused is competent to stand trial.
33-10-230      Action by general court-martial convening authority or attorney general.
33-10-231      Custody of facility director.
33-10-232      References to court that ordered commitment.
33-10-233      Commitment of person found not guilty by reason of lack of mental responsibility.
33-10-234      Hearing on mental condition.
33-10-235      Report of hearing results.
33-10-236      Action when release would create substantial risk of injury or serious property damage.
33-10-237      Statute applicable to hospitalized person.
33-10-238      Application of statute comparable to 18 U.S.C. 4247(d).
33-10-239      Application of statute comparable to 18 U.S.C. ยง 4241 et seq.--Change of status.
PART X. PUNITIVE PROVISIONS.

33-10-240      Principal defined.
33-10-241      Accessory after the fact.
33-10-242      Included offense--Attempted offense.
33-10-243      Attempt defined.
33-10-244      Attempt to commit offense subject to punishment.
33-10-245      Conviction of attempt for consummated offense.
33-10-246      Conspiracy.
33-10-247      Solicitation to desert or mutiny.
33-10-248      Solicitation to commit misbehavior before the enemy or sedition.
33-10-249      Fraudulent enlistment, appointment, or separation.
33-10-250      Unlawful enlistment, appointment, or separation.
33-10-251      Desertion.
33-10-252      Desertion by commissioned officer.
33-10-253      Punishment for desertion.
33-10-254      Absence without leave.
33-10-255      Missing movement.
33-10-256      Contempt toward officials.
33-10-257      Disrespect toward superior commissioned officer.
33-10-258      Assaulting or willfully disobeying superior commissioned officer.
33-10-259      Insubordinate conduct toward warrant officer, noncommissioned officer, or petty officer.
33-10-260      Failure to obey order or regulation.
33-10-261      Cruelty and maltreatment.
33-10-262      Mutiny--Sedition--Failure to suppress or report.
33-10-263      Punishment for mutiny or sedition.
33-10-264      Resistance--Flight--Breach of arrest--Escape.
33-10-265      Releasing prisoner without proper authority.
33-10-266      Unlawful detention.
33-10-267      Noncompliance with procedural rules.
33-10-268      Misbehavior before the enemy.
33-10-269      Subordinate compelling surrender.
33-10-270      Improper use of countersign.
33-10-271      Captured or abandoned property--Securing and turning over.
33-10-272      Captured or abandoned property--Offenses.
33-10-273      Aiding the enemy.
33-10-274      Misconduct as prisoner.
33-10-275      False official statements.
33-10-276      Military property--Loss, damage, destruction, or wrongful disposition.
33-10-277      Property other than military property--Waste, spoilage, or destruction.
33-10-278      Willful hazarding of vessel.
33-10-279      Negligent hazarding of vessel.
33-10-280      Drunk on duty.
33-10-281      Wrongful use, possession, or distribution of controlled substances.
33-10-282      Controlled substances defined.
33-10-283      Misbehavior of sentinel.
33-10-284      Malingering.
33-10-285      Riot or breach of peace.
33-10-286      Provoking speeches or gestures.
33-10-287      Frauds against the government.
33-10-288      Conduct unbecoming an officer.
33-10-289      Disorder and neglect--Conduct discrediting state military forces.
PART XI. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.

33-10-290      Court of inquiry convened for investigation.
33-10-291      Members of court--Counsel.
33-10-292      Parties.
33-10-293      Challenge to court members.
33-10-294      Oaths.
33-10-295      Witnesses.
33-10-296      Findings--Opinions.
33-10-297      Record of proceedings.
33-10-298      Administration of oaths for purposes of military administration.
33-10-299      Administration of oaths necessary in performance of duties.
33-10-300      Prima facie evidence of authority to administer oath.
33-10-301      Complaint of wrong.
33-10-302      Delegation by Governor.
33-10-303      Payment of fees, costs, and expenses.
33-10-304      Military justice fund.
33-10-305      Payment of fines--Disposition.
33-10-306      Uniformity of interpretation.
33-10-307      Immunity for action of military courts.
33-10-308      Short title.


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