47-31B-602. Investigations and subpoenas. (a) Authority to investigate. The director may:
(1) Conduct public or private investigations within or outside of this state which the director considers necessary or appropriate to determine whether a person has violated, is violating, or is about to violate this chapter or a rule adopted or order issued under this chapter, or to aid in the enforcement of this chapter or in the adoption of rules and forms under this chapter;
(2) Require or permit a person to testify, file a statement, or produce a record, under oath or otherwise as the director determines, as to all the facts and circumstances concerning a matter to be investigated or about which an action or proceeding is to be instituted; and
(3) Publish a record concerning an action, proceeding, or an investigation under, or a violation of, this chapter or a rule adopted or order issued under this chapter if the director determines it is necessary or appropriate in the public interest and for the protection of investors.
(b) Director powers to investigate. For the purpose of an investigation under this chapter, the director or its designated officer may administer oaths and affirmations, subpoena witnesses, seek compulsion of attendance, take evidence, require the filing of statements, and require the production of any records that the director considers relevant or material to the investigation.
(c) Procedure and remedies for noncompliance. If a person does not appear or refuses to testify, file a statement, produce records, or otherwise does not obey a subpoena as required by the director under this chapter, the director, or any officer designated by him, may apply to the circuit court to enforce compliance, or may refer the matter to the Attorney General or the proper attorney, who may apply to the circuit court or a court of another state to enforce compliance. The court may:
(1) Hold the person in contempt;
(2) Order the person to appear before the director;
(3) Order the person to testify about the matter under investigation or in question;
(4) Order the production of records;
(5) Grant injunctive relief, including restricting or prohibiting the offer or sale of securities or the providing of investment advice;
(6) Impose a civil penalty of not more than ten thousand dollars per violation; and
(7) Grant any other necessary or appropriate relief.
(d) Application for relief. This section does not preclude a person from applying to the circuit court or a court of another state for relief from a request to appear, testify, file a statement, produce records, or obey a subpoena.
(e) Use immunity procedure. An individual is not excused from attending, testifying, filing a statement, producing a record or other evidence, or obeying a subpoena of the director under this chapter or in an action or proceeding instituted by the director under this chapter on the ground that the required testimony, statement, record, or other evidence, directly or indirectly, may tend to incriminate the individual or subject the individual to a criminal fine, penalty, or forfeiture. If the individual refuses to testify, file a statement, or produce a record or other evidence on the basis of the individual's privilege against self-incrimination, the director may apply to the circuit court to compel the testimony, the filing of the statement, the production of the record, or the giving of other evidence. The testimony, record, or other evidence compelled under such an order may not be used, directly or indirectly, against the individual in a criminal case, except in a prosecution for perjury or contempt or otherwise failing to comply with the order.
(f) Assistance to securities regulator of another jurisdiction. At the request of the securities regulator of another state or a foreign jurisdiction, the director may provide assistance if the requesting regulator states that it is conducting an investigation to determine whether a person has violated, is violating, or is about to violate a law or rule of the other state or foreign jurisdiction relating to securities matters that the requesting regulator administers or enforces. The director may provide the assistance by using the authority to investigate and the powers conferred by this section as the director determines is necessary or appropriate. The assistance may be provided without regard to whether the conduct described in the request would also constitute a violation of this chapter or other law of this state if occurring in this state. In deciding whether to provide the assistance, the director may consider whether the requesting regulator is permitted and has agreed to provide assistance reciprocally within its state or foreign jurisdiction to the director on securities matters when requested; whether compliance with the request would violate or prejudice the public policy of this state; and the availability of resources and employees of the director to carry out the request for assistance.
Source: SL 2004, ch 278, § 40.
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