Codified Laws


Text Search




Enter the text to search for and click Search to get a list of statutes containing the text you entered. Tips:
  • Multiple words will be searched as a phrase. Entering Property Tax will return statutes that contain the complete phrase Property Tax.
  • Logical Operators are allowed. Hunting and Fishing will return statutes that containing both hunting and fishing. Hunting or Fishing will return statutes that contain hunting, fishing, or both.
  • Wild cards(*) are allowed. Entering Approp* will return statutes that contain Appropriation, Appropriate, Appropriated, etc..
  • Punctuation can also be used as operators. + = and, , = or. Searching for phrases that have , and will result in error unless you enclose the entire phrase in quotes.
The Filter option allows you to narrow your search results to a specific Title or Chapter. Here is a tip for using the filter option.
  • Use a dash (-) as the last character of your filter to refine searches. For example the filter "1-1" returns sections in 1-1, 1-10, 1-11, 1-12, etc. The filter "1-1-" returns only sections in Chapter 1-1.

Quick Find



Type the Statute number you are looking for in the form Title-Chapter-Section . Examples(1-1-1.1, 27A-11A-12, etc.)

The Get Statute button can be used to locate a specific statute. You may type in a title, chapter, or section number. Example: typing 1 will return the chapter list for Title 1, typing 1-1 will return the section list for chapter 1-1, typing 1-1-1 will return section 1-1-1 of the statutes.

The Get Chapter button can be used to load a complete chapter of the statutes. This function requires a title and a chapter number. Examples: 1-1, 57A-1, 1-3

 
CHAPTER 1-20

ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXPLORATION

1-20-1 to 1-20-16. Repealed.
1-20-17      Legislative findings--Purpose of chapter.
1-20-18      Definition of terms.
1-20-19      Employment and qualifications of state archaeologist.
1-20-20      Duties of state archaeologist--Employment of personnel.
1-20-21      Statewide survey of archaeological sites--Records.
1-20-21.1      Agreements involving archaeological survey or assessment work--Fee schedule.
1-20-21.2      Confidentiality of records pertaining to location of archaeological site--Exceptions.
1-20-22      Notice to board of projects endangering archaeological sites--Notice to contractors.
1-20-23      Investigation of endangered archaeological sites.
1-20-24      Initiation of action by board--Recovery of archaeological data--Contractor's cost.
1-20-25      Reservation of right of field investigation on public lands--Property of state.
1-20-26      Cooperation with state archaeologist by public agencies.
1-20-27      Reservation from sale of state archaeological sites--Release when examination complete.
1-20-28      Reservation by state of archaeological interest in land transferred.
1-20-29      Policy as to investigations on private land.
1-20-30      Designation of archaeological register sites--Consent required.
1-20-31      Notice of designation of archaeological site--Permit required for field investigation.
1-20-32      Issuance of exploration permits--Qualifications of permittees.
1-20-33      Reports to state archaeologist of exploration results.
1-20-34      Specimens collected as state property--Arrangements for disposition.
1-20-35      Unauthorized investigation as misdemeanor--Forfeiture of materials found.
1-20-36      Trespass on private land--Misdemeanor.
1-20-37      Forgery and misrepresentation of archaeological objects--Sale of unlawfully collected objects--Misdemeanor.


     1-20-1 to 1-20-16.   Repealed by SL 1974, ch 11, § 18.


     1-20-17.   Legislative findings--Purpose of chapter. The Legislature hereby declares that the public has an interest in preservation and protection of the state's archaeological resources; that the public has the right to the knowledge to be derived and gained from the scientific study of these resources; and that therefore it is the purpose of this chapter to provide that activities for the preservation, excavation, study, and exhibition of the state's archaeological resources be undertaken in a coordinated and organized manner for the general welfare of the public as a whole.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 1.


     1-20-18.   Definition of terms. Terms used in this chapter mean:
             (1)      "Field investigations," the study of the traces of human culture at any land or water site by means of surveying, digging, sampling, excavating, or removing surface or subsurface objects, or going on a site with that intent;
             (2)      "Site," any aboriginal mound, fort, earthwork, village location, burial ground, historic or prehistoric ruin, mine, cave, or other location which is or may be the source of important archaeological data;
             (3)      "Specimens," all relics, artifacts, remains, objects, or any other evidence of an historical, prehistorical, archaeological, or anthropological nature, which may be found on or below the surface of the earth, and which have scientific or historical value as objects of antiquity, as aboriginal relics, or as archaeological samples.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 2; SL 2009, ch 1, § 99.


     1-20-19.   Employment and qualifications of state archaeologist. The secretary of education shall, subject to the Governor's approval, employ a state archaeologist, who shall serve at the pleasure of the secretary. The state archaeologist shall be a qualified anthropologist. The minimum professional qualifications for the position shall include a master's degree from an accredited institution of higher education and at least one year of field experience in archaeological salvage.

Source: SL 1973, ch 5, § 2; SDCL Supp, §§ 1-20-1.1, 1-20-1.2; SL 1974, ch 11, § 3; SL 1979, ch 353, § 13; SL 2003, ch 272 (Ex. Ord. 03-1), § 82; SL 2005, ch 10, § 7; SL 2011, ch 1 (Ex. Ord. 11-1), § 91, eff. Apr. 12, 2011; SL 2015, ch 277 (Ex. Ord. 15-1), § 21, eff. Apr. 20, 2015.


     1-20-20.   Duties of state archaeologist--Employment of personnel. The state archaeologist shall administer the preservation and protection of the state's archaeological resources pursuant to this chapter. The secretary of education may employ such qualified persons as may be needed to assist the state archaeologist in the performance of the duties prescribed by this chapter.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 3; SL 1979, ch 353, § 14; SL 2003, ch 272 (Ex. Ord. 03-1), § 82; SL 2005, ch 10, § 8; SL 2009, ch 1, § 100; SL 2011, ch 1 (Ex. Ord. 11-1), § 91, eff. Apr. 12, 2011; SL 2015, ch 277 (Ex. Ord. 15-1), § 21, eff. Apr. 20, 2015.


     1-20-21.   Statewide survey of archaeological sites--Records. The state archaeologist, on behalf of the State Historical Society Board of Trustees shall conduct, as part of that board's statewide survey of historic properties, a survey of archaeological sites located within the state and maintain records of such sites.

Source: SL 1947, ch 255, § 2; SDC Supp 1960, § 29.0702; SDCL § 1-20-3; SL 1974, ch 11, § 5; SL 2007, ch 6, § 1.


     1-20-21.1.   Agreements involving archaeological survey or assessment work--Fee schedule. The state archaeologist may enter into agreements involving archaeological survey or assessment work with any state or federal department, agency, institution, or political subdivision or with a private contractor. The State Historical Society Board of Trustees may promulgate rules, pursuant to chapter 1-26, to establish a fee schedule for recovery of exploratory, laboratory, reporting, and administrative costs incurred by the state archaeologist in the performance of the duties prescribed by this chapter.

Source: SL 1981, ch 6; SL 2009, ch 1, § 101.


     1-20-21.2.   Confidentiality of records pertaining to location of archaeological site--Exceptions. Any records maintained pursuant to § 1-20-21 pertaining to the location of an archaeological site shall remain confidential to protect the integrity of the archaeological site. The state archaeologist may make the information from the records of an archeological site available to any agency of state government and any political subdivision of the state or to any tribe, which, in the opinion of the state archaeologist, may conduct an activity that affects any such site. The state archaeologist shall also make the information from the records of an archeological site available to the owner of the land that is an archeological site and may make the information available to any qualified researcher or research entity.

Source: SL 2007, ch 6, § 2.


     1-20-22.   Notice to board of projects endangering archaeological sites--Notice to contractors. When any state department, institution, or agency, or political subdivision of the state finds or is made aware by an appropriate historical or archaeological authority that its operation in connection with any state, state-assisted, state-licensed, or state-contracted project, activity, or program adversely affects or may adversely affect scientific, historical, or archaeological data, such agency shall notify the State Historical Society Board of Trustees and shall provide the board with appropriate information concerning the project, program, or activity. The provisions of this chapter shall be made known to contractors by the state agencies doing the contracting.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 11; SL 2009, ch 1, § 102.


     1-20-23.   Investigation of endangered archaeological sites. The State Historical Society Board of Trustees, upon notification or determination that scientific, historical, or archaeological data including relics and specimens, is or may be adversely affected, shall, after reasonable notice to the responsible department, institution, or agency conduct or cause to be conducted a survey and other investigations to recover and preserve or otherwise protect such data, including analysis and publication, which in its opinion should be recovered in the public interest.

Source: SL 1947, ch 255, § 3; SL 1949, ch 232; SDC Supp 1960, § 29.0703; SDCL, § 1-20-4; SL 1974, ch 11, § 12.


     1-20-24.   Initiation of action by board--Recovery of archaeological data--Contractor's cost. The State Historical Society Board of Trustees shall initiate actions within sixty days of notification under § 1-20-22 and within such time as agreed upon in other cases. The responsible agency shall expend agency funds for the purpose of recovering scientific, historical, or archaeological data, including analysis and publications, and such costs shall be included as part of the contractor's costs if the adverse effect is caused by work being done under contract to a state agency.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 13; SL 2009, ch 1, § 103.


     1-20-25.   Reservation of right of field investigation on public lands--Property of state. The State of South Dakota reserves to itself the exclusive rights and privilege of field investigation on sites owned or controlled by the state, its agencies, departments, institutions, or political subdivisions in order to protect and preserve archaeological and scientific information, matter, and objects. All such information and objects deriving from state lands shall remain the property of the state and be utilized for scientific or public educational purposes.

Source: SL 1947, ch 255, § 4; SDC Supp 1960, § 29.0704; SDCL, § 1-20-6; SL 1974, ch 11, § 4.


     1-20-26.   Cooperation with state archaeologist by public agencies. All state agencies, departments, institutions, and commissions, as well as all counties and municipalities, shall cooperate fully with the state archaeologist in the preservation, protection, excavation, and evaluation of specimens and sites.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 10.


     1-20-27.   Reservation from sale of state archaeological sites--Release when examination complete. Upon written notice to the commissioner of school and public lands given by the state archaeologist, the commissioner shall reserve from sale any state lands on which sites or artifacts are located or may be found, as designated by the state archaeologist. However, the reservation of such lands from sale may be confined to the actual location of the site or artifacts. When such sites or artifacts have been explored, excavated, or otherwise examined to the extent desired by the state archaeologist, the state archaeologist shall then file with the commissioner a statement releasing such lands and permitting the sale of such lands.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 9; SL 2009, ch 1, § 104.


     1-20-28.   Reservation by state of archaeological interest in land transferred. When transferring real property under its jurisdiction that contains significant archaeological, aboriginal or other anthropological resources, the State of South Dakota, its agencies, departments, and institutions, may, upon the recommendation of the state archaeologist condition the transfer upon such covenants, deed restrictions, or other contractual arrangements as will limit the future use of the property in such a way as will protect these resources.

Source: SL 1947, ch 136, § 6; SDC Supp 1960, § 29.0806; SDCL, § 1-20-15; SL 1974, ch 11, § 8.


     1-20-29.   Policy as to investigations on private land. It is the declared intention of the Legislature that field investigations on privately owned lands should be discouraged except in accordance with both the provisions and spirit of this chapter; and persons having knowledge of the location of archaeological sites are encouraged to communicate such information to the state archaeologist.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 14.


     1-20-30.   Designation of archaeological register sites--Consent required. The State Historical Society Board of Trustees may publicly designate an archaeological site of significance to the scientific study of public representation of the state's historical, prehistorical, or aboriginal past as a state archaeological register site. However, no site may be designated as a state archaeological register site without the express written consent of the state agency having jurisdiction over the land in question or, if it is on privately owned land, of the landowner.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 7; SL 2009, ch 1, § 105.


     1-20-31.   Notice of designation of archaeological site--Permit required for field investigation. Upon designation of an archaeological site, the owners and occupants of each designated state archaeological register site shall be given written notification of such designation by the state archaeologist. Once so designated, no person may conduct field investigation activities without first securing a permit from the State Historical Society Board of Trustees and complying with the provisions of §§ 1-20-32 to 1-20-34, inclusive.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 7.


     1-20-32.   Issuance of exploration permits--Qualifications of permittees. The State Historical Society Board of Trustees may issue permits for exploration and field investigations to be undertaken on state lands or within the boundaries of designated state archaeological register sites to institutions which the state archaeologist may deem to be properly qualified to conduct such activity, subject to such rules as the State Historical Society Board of Trustees may prescribe, as long as such activity is undertaken by reputable museums, universities, colleges, or other historical, scientific, or educational institutions or societies approved by the state archaeologist, with a view toward disseminating the knowledge gained through their activities.

Source: SL 1947, ch 136, § 1; SDC Supp 1960, § 29.0801; SDCL § 1-20-7; SL 1974, ch 11, § 6; SL 2009, ch 1, § 106.


     1-20-33.   Reports to state archaeologist of exploration results. When exploration or field investigations are undertaken pursuant to § 1-20-32, a summary report of such undertakings, containing relevant maps, documents, drawings, and photographs shall be submitted to the state archaeologist.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 6.


     1-20-34.   Specimens collected as state property--Arrangements for disposition. All specimens collected under a permit issued pursuant to § 1-20-32 shall be the permanent property of the state. The state archaeologist shall make prior arrangements for the disposition of specimens derived from such activities in an appropriate institution of the state or for the loan of such specimens to qualified institutions in or out of the state.

Source: SL 1947, ch 136, § 2; SDC Supp 1960, § 29.0802; SDCL § 1-20-10; SL 1974, ch 11, § 6; SL 2009, ch 1, § 107.


     1-20-35.   Unauthorized investigation as misdemeanor--Forfeiture of materials found. No person may conduct field investigation activities on any land owned or controlled by the state, its agencies, departments, and institutions, or within the boundaries of any designated state archaeological landmark, without first obtaining a permit from the State Historical Society Board of Trustees. No person may appropriate, deface, destroy, or otherwise alter any archaeological site or specimen located upon state lands or within the boundaries of a designated state archaeological register site, except in the course of activities pursued under the authority of a permit granted by the State Historical Society Board of Trustees. A violation of this section is a Class 2 misdemeanor, and in addition, any person who violates this section shall forfeit to the state all specimens, objects, and materials collected or excavated, together with all photographs and records relating to such material.

Source: SL 1947, ch 136, § 7; SDC Supp 1960, § 29.9904; SDCL § 1-20-16; SL 1974, ch 11, § 15; SL 1980, ch 24, § 6; SL 2009, ch 1, § 108.


     1-20-36.   Trespass on private land--Misdemeanor. It is deemed an act of trespass for any person to remove artifacts and antiquities of the kind described in this chapter from the private land of any owner without the owner's permission being first obtained, in writing. A violation of this section is a Class 2 misdemeanor.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 17; SL 1980, ch 24, § 7; SL 2009, ch 1, § 109.


     1-20-37.   Forgery and misrepresentation of archaeological objects--Sale of unlawfully collected objects--Misdemeanor. No person may reproduce, retouch, rework, or forge any archaeological, paleontological, ethnological, or historical object, deriving its principal value from its antiquity, or make any object, whether copies or not, or falsely label, describe, identify, or offer for sale or exchange any object, with intent to represent the object to be an original and genuine archaeological, paleontological, ethnological, or historical specimen. No person may offer for sale or exchange any object that has previously been collected or excavated in violation of any of the terms of this chapter. A violation of this section is a Class 2 misdemeanor.

Source: SL 1974, ch 11, § 16; SL 1980, ch 24, § 8; SL 2009, ch 1, § 110.


Back to Title 1