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CHAPTER 12-13

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND SUBMITTED QUESTIONS

12-13-1      Delivery of proposed questions to county auditors--Attorney general's explanation .
12-13-1.1      Requirements for elections beginning in 2018.
12-13-2      Measures and questions to be sent to official newspapers.
12-13-3      Newspaper publication of submitted questions--Compensation--Suspension of status on failure to publish--Election valid despite refusal to publish.
12-13-4      Lettering and numbering of submitted questions.
12-13-5 to 12-13-8.2.      Repealed.
12-13-9      Attorney general's statement regarding constitutional amendment proposed by legislature or referred law.
12-13-9.1      Availability of attorney general's explanation of proposed questions.
12-13-9.2      Action to challenge adequacy of attorney general's statement--Appeal--Time limits.
12-13-10      Repealed.
12-13-11      Materials printed on ballot in lieu of full text--Separate ballot.
12-13-12 to 12-13-15.      Repealed.
12-13-16      Publication of false or erroneous information on constitutional amendment or submitted question as misdemeanor.
12-13-17 to 12-13-22.      Repealed.
12-13-23      Distribution of public information.
12-13-24      Style, form, and wording of initiative or initiated amendment.
12-13-25      Review and comments by director of Legislative Research Council .
12-13-25.1      Attorney general's statement regarding proposed initiated measure or initiated amendment to Constitution.
12-13-25.2      Exception to time for director's comments.
12-13-26      Unreviewed initiatives or initiated amendments unacceptable.
12-13-27      Special elections for constitutional amendments--Procedural changes--Reimbursement of costs.
12-13-28      Employment and compensation of petition circulators.


     12-13-1.   Delivery of proposed questions to county auditors--Attorney general's explanation. The secretary of state, at least twelve weeks prior to the general election, shall deliver to each county auditor a certified copy of each initiated measure, referred law, or proposed amendment to the Constitution to be voted on at the election, together with a statement, title, explanation, and recitation as written pursuant to § 12-13-9 or 12-13-25.1 to be published preceding the text of the initiated measure, referred law, or proposed amendment. The attorney general shall prepare each statement, title, explanation, and recitation.

Source: SL 1913, ch 107, § 11; RC 1919, § 7225; SDC 1939, § 16.1305 as added by SL 1963, ch 114; SL 1974, ch 118, § 51; SL 1979, ch 101; SL 1994, ch 108, § 1; SL 2018, ch 77, § 1.


     12-13-1.1.   Requirements for elections beginning in 2018. The provisions of §§ 12-13-1, 12-13-9, 12-13-23, and 12-13-25.1 apply to any recitation prepared for an initiated amendment to the Constitution, initiated measure, and referred law certified to appear on a ballot beginning with any election in 2018.

Source: SL 2018, ch 77, § 5.


     12-13-2.   Measures and questions to be sent to official newspapers. The county auditor shall, on or before the first day of October of each year in which there is a general election, send by electronic transmission or mail to each official newspaper of the county a copy of all measures and questions as certified pursuant to § 12-13-1.

Source: SL 1913, ch 107, § 4; RC 1919, § 7219; SDC 1939, § 16.1305; SL 1957, ch 86; SL 1963, ch 114; SL 1974, ch 118, § 52; SL 1979, ch 100, § 2; SL 1982, ch 28, § 44; SL 2012, ch 18, § 8.


     12-13-3.   Newspaper publication of submitted questions--Compensation--Suspension of status on failure to publish--Election valid despite refusal to publish. It shall be the duty of each official newspaper of the county to publish once not less than two nor more than four weeks prior to each general election full copies of that material supplied pursuant to § 12-13-2, and for such publication such newspaper shall receive compensation at the legal rate prescribed by law to be paid out of the general fund.
     In case any official newspaper shall fail or refuse to make such publication as hereinbefore provided, such newspaper shall thereupon cease to be an official newspaper for the remainder of that year and for the following calendar year, and the board of county commissioners of such county shall appoint some other newspaper of such county as an official newspaper. The refusal of an official newspaper or newspapers to publish shall not invalidate the results of an election on such question.

Source: SL 1913, ch 107, § 5; RC 1919, § 7220; SDC 1939, § 16.1305; SL 1957, ch 86; SL 1963, ch 114; SL 1972, ch 84, § 1; SL 1974, ch 118, § 53.


     12-13-4.   Lettering and numbering of submitted questions. Beginning with the 2004 general election and each election thereafter, each constitutional amendment shall be consecutively designated by a letter until each letter of the alphabet has been used for purpose of preparing the official ballots and notices. If all the letters have been used, the next constitutional amendment shall be designated at the beginning of the alphabet. Beginning with the 2004 general election and each election thereafter, each initiated measure or referred law shall be consecutively designated by a number for the purpose of preparing the official ballots and notices.

Source: SDC 1939, § 16.1301; SL 1964, ch 61; SL 2003, ch 81, § 1.


     12-13-5 to 12-13-8.2.   Repealed by SL 1994, ch 108, § 2.


     12-13-9.   Attorney general's statement regarding constitutional amendment proposed by legislature or referred law. Before the third Tuesday in May, the attorney general shall deliver to the secretary of state an attorney general's statement for each amendment to the Constitution proposed by the Legislature, and any referred law from an odd year. The attorney general's statement for each referred law from an even year shall be delivered to the secretary of state before the second Tuesday in July. The attorney general's statement shall be written by the attorney general and shall consist of a title, an explanation, and a recitation as provided in this section. The title shall be a concise statement of the subject of the proposed amendment to the Constitution or referred law. The explanation shall be an objective, clear, and simple summary to educate the voters of the purpose and effect of the proposed amendment to the Constitution or referred law. The recitation for each proposed amendment to the Constitution shall state "Vote 'Yes' to adopt the amendment" and "Vote 'No' to leave the Constitution as it is". The recitation for each referred law shall state "Vote 'Yes' to allow the Act of the Legislature to become law" and "Vote 'No' to reject the Act of the Legislature". The attorney general shall include a description of the legal consequences of the proposed amendment to the Constitution or referred law, including the likely exposure of the state to liability if the proposed amendment to the Constitution or referred law is adopted. The explanation may not exceed two hundred words in length. On the printed ballots, the title shall be followed by the explanation and the explanation shall be followed, if applicable, by any cost estimate prepared pursuant to § 2-9-34 or fiscal note prepared pursuant to § 2-9-32 and then followed by the recitation.

Source: SL 1915, ch 181, § 1; RC 1919, § 7216; SL 1921, ch 219; SDC 1939, § 16.1302; SL 1959, ch 99, § 15; SDC Supp 1960, § 16.2215; SDCL §§ 12-13-10, 12-13-12; SL 1971, ch 90, §§ 1, 2; SL 1974, ch 118, § 58; SL 1976, ch 105, § 30; SL 1979, ch 97, § 4; SL 1994, ch 108, § 8; SL 2006, ch 67, § 3; SL 2007, ch 14, § 2; SL 2007, ch 77, § 1; SL 2009, ch 64, § 10, eff. July 1, 2010; SL 2013, ch 101, § 74; SL 2017, ch 16, § 5; SL 2018, ch 77, § 2.


     12-13-9.1.   Availability of attorney general's explanation of proposed questions. The secretary of state shall, immediately upon delivery from the attorney general, make the attorney general's statement for each proposed amendment to the Constitution, each initiated measure, and each referred law available to any person upon request.

Source: SL 2006, ch 67, § 6; SL 2007, ch 77, § 2.


     12-13-9.2.   Action to challenge adequacy of attorney general's statement--Appeal--Time limits. If the proponents or opponents of a proposed amendment to the Constitution, initiated measure, or referred measure believe that the attorney general's statement does not satisfy the requirements of § 12-13-9 or § 12-13-25.1, they shall, within seven days of delivery of the statement to the secretary of state, file an action in circuit court challenging the adequacy of the statement. The action takes precedence over other cases in circuit court and a final order shall be filed within fifteen days of the commencement of the action. Any party appealing the circuit court order to the Supreme Court shall file a notice of appeal within five days of the date of the circuit court order.

Source: SL 2007, ch 77, § 3; SL 2009, ch 64, § 4, eff. July 1, 2010.


     12-13-10.   Repealed by SL 1974, ch 118, § 200.


     12-13-11.   Materials printed on ballot in lieu of full text--Separate ballot. The title, explanation, recitation, place for voting, and statement as required by this chapter shall be printed on the ballot in lieu of the law, measure, constitutional amendment, or other question to be submitted to a vote of the people. All proposed constitutional amendments to be submitted at an election shall be placed on one ballot and all initiated measures or referred laws upon a separate ballot.

Source: SL 1897, ch 60, § 27; SL 1899, ch 80, § 1; SL 1899, ch 93, § 4; RPolC 1903, §§ 24, 1911; SL 1911, ch 87, § 2; SL 1913, ch 107, § 2; SL 1915, ch 181, §§ 1, 2; RC 1919, §§ 7216, 7217; SL 1921, ch 219; SDC 1939, §§ 16.1302, 16.1303; SDCL, § 12-13-17; SL 1974, ch 118, § 59; SL 1994, ch 108, § 9.


     12-13-12 to 12-13-15.   Repealed by SL 1974, ch 118, § 200.


     12-13-16.   Publication of false or erroneous information on constitutional amendment or submitted question as misdemeanor. Any person knowingly printing, publishing, or delivering to any voter of this state a document containing any purported constitutional amendment, question, law, or measure to be submitted to the voters at any election, in which such constitutional amendment, question, law, or measure is misstated, erroneously printed, or by which false or misleading information is given to the voters, is guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor.

Source: SL 1913, ch 107, § 9; RC 1919, § 7224; SDC 1939, § 16.9923; SL 1982, ch 86, § 83.


     12-13-17 to 12-13-22.   Repealed by SL 1974, ch 118, § 200.


     12-13-23.   Distribution of public information. The secretary of state shall distribute public information on any amendment to the Constitution, initiated measure, or referred law submitted to the electors for approval. The secretary of state shall compile the public information by printing a statement in support of the amendment to the Constitution, initiated measure, or referred law written by its proponents, if any can be identified, and a statement against the amendment to the Constitution, initiated measure, or referred law written by its opponents, if any can be identified. The secretary of state is not responsible for the contents, objectivity, or accuracy of the statements written by the proponents and opponents. The pamphlet shall also include the attorney general's title, explanation, and a recitation of the effect of a "Yes" or "No" vote as written pursuant to § 12-13-9 or 12-13-25.1; number of pages and sections in the proposed or referred language; and, if applicable, a fiscal note.

Source: SL 1992, ch 111, § 1; SL 2006, ch 67, § 5; SL 2017, ch 2, § 11; SL 2018, ch 77, § 3; SL 2018, ch 80, § 6.


     12-13-24.   Style, form, and wording of initiative or initiated amendment. Each initiative or initiated amendment to the Constitution shall be written in a clear and coherent manner in the style and form of other legislation. Each initiative or initiated amendment to the Constitution shall be worded so that the effect of the measure is not misleading or likely to cause confusion among voters.

Source: SL 1994, ch 109, § 1.


     12-13-25.   Review and comments by director of Legislative Research Council. The sponsors of each initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution shall submit a copy of the initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution to the director of the Legislative Research Council for review and comment not more than six months before it may be circulated for signatures under § 2-1-1.1 or 2-1-1.2. The director shall review each submitted initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution to determine if the requirements of § 12-13-24 are satisfied and if the initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution may have any impact on revenues, expenditures, or fiscal liability of the state or its agencies and subdivisions. Unless as otherwise provided under § 12-13-25.2, not more than fifteen work days following receipt of an initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution, the director shall provide written comments on the initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution to the sponsors of the initiated measure or initiated amendment, the attorney general, and the secretary of state for the purpose of assisting the sponsors in complying with § 12-13-24. The director's written comments under this section shall include assistance regarding the substantive content of the initiated measure or initiated amendment in order to minimize any conflict with existing law and to ensure the measure's or amendment's effective administration. The sponsors may, but are not required to, amend the initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution to comply with the director's comments.

Source: SL 1994, ch 109, § 2; SL 2007, ch 14, § 3; SL 2009, ch 64, § 1, eff. July 1, 2010; SL 2017, ch 16, § 4; SL 2018, ch 78, § 1; SL 2018, ch 79, § 1.


     12-13-25.1.   Attorney general's statement regarding proposed initiated measure or initiated amendment to Constitution. Following receipt of the written comments of the director of the Legislative Research Council, the sponsors shall submit a copy of the proposed initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution in final form to the attorney general and the director of the Legislative Research Council. The attorney general shall prepare an attorney general's statement that consists of a title and explanation. The title shall be a concise statement of the subject of the proposed initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution. The explanation shall be an objective, clear, and simple summary to educate the voters of the purpose and effect of the proposed initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution. The attorney general shall include a description of the legal consequences of the proposed initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution, including the likely exposure of the state to liability if the proposed initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution is adopted. The explanation may not exceed two hundred words in length. The attorney general shall file the title and explanation with the secretary of state and shall provide a copy to the sponsors within sixty days of receipt of the proposed initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution.
     If the petition is filed as set forth in §§ 2-1-1.1 or 2-1-1.2, the attorney general shall deliver to the secretary of state before the third Tuesday in May a recitation as provided in this section. The recitation for an initiated amendment to the Constitution shall state "Vote 'Yes' to adopt the amendment" and "Vote 'No' to leave the Constitution as it is". The recitation for an initiated measure shall state "Vote 'Yes' to adopt the initiated measure" and "Vote 'No' to leave South Dakota law as it is". On the printed ballots, the title shall be followed by the explanation and the explanation shall be followed, if applicable, by any fiscal note prepared pursuant to § 2-9-30, and then followed by the recitation.

Source: SL 2009, ch 64, § 2, eff. July 1, 2010; SL 2013, ch 101, § 75; SL 2016, ch 24, § 3; SL 2017, ch 16, § 6; SL 2018, ch 77, § 4; SL 2018, ch 80, § 1.


     12-13-25.2.   Exception to time for director's comments. If the director of the Legislative Research Council receives any initiated measure or initiated amendment to the Constitution from the first day of December to the day of adjournment sine die of the following legislative session, inclusive, the director shall provide written comments as required pursuant to § 12-13-25 not more than fifteen work days following adjournment sine die of the legislative session.

Source: SL 2018, ch 78, § 2.


     12-13-26.   Unreviewed initiatives or initiated amendments unacceptable. The secretary of state may not accept any initiative or initiated amendment to the Constitution unless such initiative or initiated amendment to the Constitution has been submitted to the director of the Legislative Research Council and the director has reviewed and commented on such initiative or initiated amendment to the Constitution, and unless the attorney general has filed the title and explanation of the initiative or initiated amendment to the Constitution with the secretary of state.

Source: SL 1994, ch 109, § 3; SL 2009, ch 64, § 3, eff. July 1, 2010.


     12-13-27.   Special elections for constitutional amendments--Procedural changes--Reimbursement of costs. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Legislature may set a date for a special election for a statewide vote on any constitutional amendment proposed by the Legislature, pursuant to S.D. Const., Art. XXIII, §§ 1 and 3, and may provide in its resolution proposing such constitutional amendment an accompanying procedure, that may alter the time requirements but not the substantive provisions, of this chapter. The state shall reimburse each county for any costs incurred as a result of this section.

Source: SL 2000 (SS), ch 2, § 1.


     12-13-28.   Employment and compensation of petition circulators. No person may employ, reward, or compensate any person to circulate a petition for an initiated measure, referred law, or proposed amendment to the South Dakota Constitution based on the number of registered voters who signed the petition. Nothing in this section prohibits any person from employing a petition circulator based on one of the following practices:
             (1)      Paying an hourly wage or salary;
             (2)      Establishing either express or implied minimum signature requirements for the petition circulator;
             (3)      Terminating the petition circulator's employment, if the petition circulator fails to meet certain productivity requirements; and
             (4)      Paying discretionary bonuses based on reliability, longevity, and productivity.
     Any violation of this section is a Class 2 misdemeanor.

Source: SL 2007, ch 78, § 1.


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