Codified Laws


Text Search




Enter the text to search for and click Search to get a list of statutes containing the text you entered. Tips:
  • Multiple words will be searched as a phrase. Entering Property Tax will return statutes that contain the complete phrase Property Tax.
  • Logical Operators are allowed. Hunting and Fishing will return statutes that containing both hunting and fishing. Hunting or Fishing will return statutes that contain hunting, fishing, or both.
  • Wild cards(*) are allowed. Entering Approp* will return statutes that contain Appropriation, Appropriate, Appropriated, etc..
  • Punctuation can also be used as operators. + = and, , = or. Searching for phrases that have , and will result in error unless you enclose the entire phrase in quotes.
The Filter option allows you to narrow your search results to a specific Title or Chapter. Here is a tip for using the filter option.
  • Use a dash (-) as the last character of your filter to refine searches. For example the filter "1-1" returns sections in 1-1, 1-10, 1-11, 1-12, etc. The filter "1-1-" returns only sections in Chapter 1-1.

Quick Find



Type the Statute number you are looking for in the form Title-Chapter-Section . Examples(1-1-1.1, 27A-11A-12, etc.)

The Get Statute button can be used to locate a specific statute. You may type in a title, chapter, or section number. Example: typing 1 will return the chapter list for Title 1, typing 1-1 will return the section list for chapter 1-1, typing 1-1-1 will return section 1-1-1 of the statutes.

The Get Chapter button can be used to load a complete chapter of the statutes. This function requires a title and a chapter number. Examples: 1-1, 57A-1, 1-3

 
CHAPTER 22-5

DEFENSES

22-5-1      Conduct forced or under threat of force.
22-5-2 to 22-5-4.      Repealed.
22-5-5      Voluntary intoxication--Crimes involving motive or intent.
22-5-6      Repealed.
22-5-7      Morbid propensity to commit crime.
22-5-8      Repealed.
22-5-9      Resistance to public offenses permitted.
22-5-10      Insanity as affirmative defense--Burden of proof.


     22-5-1.   Conduct forced or under threat of force. No person may be convicted of a crime based upon conduct in which that person engaged because of the use or threatened use of unlawful force upon himself, herself, or another person, which force or threatened use of force a reasonable person in that situation would have been lawfully unable to resist.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.0501; SL 1976, ch 158, § 5-1; SL 1977, ch 189, § 14; SL 1978, ch 158, § 3; SL 2005, ch 120, § 379.


     22-5-2 to 22-5-4.   Repealed by SL 1976, ch 158, § 5-2


     22-5-5.   Voluntary intoxication--Crimes involving motive or intent. No act committed by a person while in a state of voluntary intoxication may be deemed less criminal by reason of such condition. But if the actual existence of any particular purpose, motive, or intent is a necessary element to constitute any particular species or degree of crime, the jury may take into consideration the fact that the accused was intoxicated at the time in determining the purpose, motive, or intent with which the accused committed the act.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.0504; SL 2005, ch 120, § 380.


     22-5-6.   Repealed by SL 1976, ch 158, § 5-2


     22-5-7.   Morbid propensity to commit crime. A morbid propensity to commit prohibited acts existing in the mind of a person who is not shown to have been incapable of knowing the wrongfulness of such acts forms no defense to a prosecution therefor.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.0505; repealed SL 1976, ch 158, § 5-2; re-enacted SL 1977, ch 189, § 15.


     22-5-8.   Repealed by SL 1978, ch 178, § 577


     22-5-9.   Resistance to public offenses permitted. Any person may lawfully resist, by force or violence, the commission of any public offense as follows:
             (1)      Any person, upon reasonable apprehension of threat of bodily injury, may make sufficient resistance to prevent an offense against his or her person or the person of any family or household member, or to prevent an illegal attempt by force to take or injure property in his or her lawful possession; and
             (2)      Any person may make sufficient resistance in aid or defense of any other person, threatened with bodily injury, to prevent such offense.

Source: SDC 1939 & Supp 1960, § 34.0101; SDCL, § 23-13-3; SL 1978, ch 185, § 4; SL 2005, ch 120, § 382; SL 2006, ch 116, § 1.


     22-5-10.   Insanity as affirmative defense--Burden of proof. Insanity is an affirmative defense to a prosecution for any criminal offense. Mental disease or defect does not otherwise constitute a defense. The defendant has the burden of proving the defense of insanity by clear and convincing evidence.

Source: SL 1985, ch 192, § 11.


Back to Title 22