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CHAPTER 44:02:08

VACATION HOMES

Section

44:02:08:01        Definitions.

44:02:08:02        Water supply.

44:02:08:03        Guest room toilet and bathing facilities.

44:02:08:04        Garbage and rubbish storage and disposal.

44:02:08:05        Vermin control.

44:02:08:06        Lighting.

44:02:08:07        Ventilation.

44:02:08:08        Heating equipment.

44:02:08:09        Cleanliness and storage of utensils.

44:02:08:10        Bedding and linen.

44:02:08:11        Housekeeping -- Maintenance of premises.

44:02:08:12        Hazardous condition.

44:02:08:13        Water recreation facilities.

44:02:08:14        Repealed.

44:02:08:15        Egress windows.

44:02:08:16        Egress window wells.

44:02:08:17        Egress window exception.


          44:02:08:01.  Definitions. Words defined in SDCL 34-18-1 have the same meaning when used in this chapter. In addition, the terms in this chapter mean:

 

          (1)  "Approved," acceptable to the Department of Health based on compliance with applicable standards and public health practices;

 

          (2)  "Communicable disease," as defined in § 44:20:01:01;

 

          (3)  "Community water system," a system that is regulated by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources that meets the definition requirements set forth in § 74:04:12:01;

 

          (4)  "Designated agent," a municipal, county, or district health department that has been organized under SDCL chapter 34-3 and SDCL 9-32-1 and has been designated as an agent of the secretary as provided in SDCL 34-18-7;

 

          (5)  "Egress window," a window of sufficient size to meet the requirements of § 44:02:08:15 so that an occupant of a guest room can escape through the window in an emergency;

 

          (6)  "EPA-certified laboratory," a laboratory that meets the requirements outlined in chapter 74:04:07;

 

          (7)  "Guest," an occupant of a rental unit of a lodging establishment;

 

          (8)  "Guest room," any room used or intended to be used by a guest for sleeping purposes;

 

          (9)  "Health hazard," a chemical agent, source of filth, cause of sickness, or condition which is a health threat to others or a threat to the public health;

 

          (10)  "Inspection," an objective examination of a lodging establishment by the department to review the employee practices, sanitary conditions, and health standards in accordance with SDCL chapter 34-18 and this chapter;

 

          (11)  "Nontransient noncommunity public water system," a system that is regulated by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources that meets the definition requirements set forth in § 74:04:12:01;

 

          (12)  "Operator," any person or organization designated in charge of the day to day operations of a lodging establishment, campground, or food service establishment as defined in SDCL 34-18-1;

 

          (13)  "Primary exit," an exit with a side hinge door leading to the exterior of the structure that is most often used when entering or exiting the structure;

 

          (14)  "Private water system," a water system that serves a campground, food service establishment, or lodging establishment that is not a public water system regulated by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources;

 

          (15)  "Public water system," a system that is regulated by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources that meets the definition requirements set forth in § 74:04:12:01;

 

          (16)  "Single action hardware," a latching mechanism that allows a door to unlock and open with a single turn or movement of the interior knob or lever. This includes door knobs, lever handles, and panic bars;

 

          (17)  "Transient noncommunity water system," a system that is regulated by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources that meets the definition requirements set forth in § 74:04:12:01;

 

          (18)  "Vacation home establishment," any home, cabin, or similar building that is rented, leased, or furnished in its entirety to the public on a daily or weekly basis for more than 14 days in a calendar year and is not occupied by an owner or manager during the time of rental. This term does not include a bed and breakfast establishment as defined in SDCL subdivision 34-18-9.1(1).

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008; 36 SDR 31, effective August 18, 2009; 36 SDR 96, effective December 8, 2009.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-22.3, 34-18-24.

 


          44:02:08:02.  Water supply. The owner shall provide an accessible, adequate, and safe supply of water to each lodging facility. If a public water system of the quantity, quality, and pressure approved by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources is available, the owner shall provide that a connection is made to the system and the system's water supply is used exclusively. The owner of a private water system shall submit water samples quarterly to an EPA-certified laboratory for bacteriological analysis while the vacation home establishment is in operation. The owner shall submit a nitrate test of the water supply system yearly. The owner of a private water system shall report any unsafe water sample to the department within three days. If an unsafe drinking water sample is reported, the facility shall provide two consecutive safe water samples prior to allowing the public to use the private water supply. The water supply shall be of sufficient quantity to meet the maximum daily demand.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008; 36 SDR 31, effective August 18, 2009.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-24.

 

          Cross-Reference: Water hygiene, art 74:04.

 


          44:02:08:03.  Guest room toilet and bathing facilities. Each vacation home establishment shall provide toilet, lavatory, and bathing facilities. In establishments providing toilet, lavatory, and bathing facilities shared by more than one guest room, the facilities must be provided in the ratio of one water closet, lavatory, and shower or bathtub or bathtub and shower combination for every ten guests. To determine the number of guests, a one bed unit is designated for two people, and a two-bed unit is designated for four people. Soap, toilet tissue, and clean washcloths and towels must be provided for each guest or guest room. All facilities must be provided with hot and cold running water under pressure to each lavatory, shower, bathtub, and bathtub and shower combination. The hot water must be a minimum of 110 degrees Fahrenheit and at a maximum temperature of 120 degrees Fahrenheit at the tap. Each shower, bathtub, and bathtub and shower combination shall be provided with individual control valves of the pressure balance, thermostatic, or combination pressure balance and thermostatic mixing valve type that provide scald and thermal shock protection. Bathing or shower facilities must have a nonslip floor surface, such as a manufactured nonslip bathtub or shower unit, a rubberized throw mat, or adhesive-backed nonslip strips. All toilets, lavatories, and bathing fixtures must be kept clean, sanitary, and in good repair when the guest room is in use and between stays of different guests. Restroom fixtures must be cleaned and sanitized between guest stays.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-24.

 

          Cross-Reference: State Plumbing Code, art 20:54.

 


          44:02:08:04.  Garbage and rubbish storage and disposal. Guest rooms must be provided with waste collection containers that are either lined with plastic bags or cleaned and sanitized between guests. All stored garbage and rubbish must be kept in leakproof, nonabsorbent containers which are kept covered with tight-fitting lids when filled, stored, or not in continuous use. Accessibility by insects, rodents, and other animals must be minimized. Disposal must be done at least twice weekly or as frequently as needed by volume or conditions. If an establishment collects and transports its own refuse, the refuse must be in covered leakproof nonabsorbent vehicles or containers. Disposal of garbage and rubbish may not create a health hazard.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-24.

 


          44:02:08:05.  Vermin control. A vacation home establishment must be constructed, equipped, and maintained to prevent the entrance, harborage, or breeding of flies, roaches, rats, mice, bed bugs, and all other insects and vermin. Specific means necessary for the elimination of such pests, such as cleaning, renovation, or fumigation, must be used. The department may require the facility to hire a professional exterminator to exterminate pests under the following conditions:

 

          (1)  The infestation is so extensive that it is unlikely a nonprofessional can eradicate the pests effectively;

 

          (2)  The chosen method of extermination can only be carried out by a licensed professional exterminator; or

 

          (3)  The department finds that an establishment has not been brought into compliance with a prior order to rid the establishment of pests.

 

          Regularly scheduled professional extermination services shall be required following the determination of an excessive pest infestation by the department.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-24.

 


          44:02:08:06.  Lighting. All rooms and areas used by guests and all other rooms or spaces in which lighting is essential to the efficiency and safety of the business operation must be well lighted. A minimum of 10 foot candles of nonglare light must be provided on all surfaces. Those areas used for reading, shaving, or application of cosmetics must be provided with a minimum of 30 foot candles of light.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-24.

 


          44:02:08:07.  Ventilation. Bathrooms, toilet rooms, and laundry rooms must be provided with either natural ventilation or mechanical ventilation connected directly to the outside. Mechanical clothes dryers must be vented to the outside air. When vented to the outside air, the discharge may not create a health hazard.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-24.

 

          Cross-Reference: 2006 International Building Code, ch 12, sec 1203.

 


          44:02:08:08.  Heating equipment. Each facility shall have a heating system capable of maintaining a temperature between 65 degrees Fahrenheit and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Any heating equipment, if fuel-burning, shall be inspected at least once a year by a person in the business of heating system maintenance (which includes hot water heaters, primary heating sources, and secondary heating sources). A written verification of the inspection must be kept on file in the facility with the date of inspection, a written statement by the person making the inspection, and that person's signature.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-24.

 

          Cross-Reference: 2006 International Building Code, ch 12, sec 1204.

 


          44:02:08:09.  Cleanliness and storage of utensils. Glasses, pitchers, ice buckets, and other utensils used for ice, food, or drink must be washed, rinsed, and sanitized between guests. All cleaners, sanitizers, and disinfectants must comply with 40 C.F.R. § 180.940, June 23, 2004. The washing and sanitizing facilities must be provided as follows:

 

          (1)  Utensils must be washed, rinsed, and sanitized manually utilizing a three step process. Sink compartments must be large enough to permit the accommodation of the equipment and utensils. Each compartment of the sink must be supplied with hot and cold potable running water. Drain boards must be provided for the air drying of the sanitized utensils; or

 

          (2)  Utensils must be washed, rinsed, and sanitized by the use of a chemical or hot water sanitizing ware washing machine. If a home style ware washing machine is utilized, the sanitizing water temperature must attain a minimum of 150 degrees Fahrenheit. All utensils must be allowed to air dry.

 

          After washing and sanitizing all utensils must be wrapped, sealed, or stored in a manner that protects them from contamination.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-24.

 


          44:02:08:10.  Bedding and linen. A vacation home establishment shall furnish each guest with clean sheets and pillow cases for the bed, bunk, or cot to be occupied by the guest. Sheets must be of sufficient width and length to cover the mattress completely. All bath linen, sheets, and pillow cases used by one guest must be washed and mechanically dried before being furnished to another guest. All bedding, including mattresses, mattress pads, quilts, blankets, pillows, sheets, and spreads, and all bath linen must be kept clean, in good repair, and stored in a sanitary manner. Soiled linens, uniforms, and other garments must be kept separate from clean linens to prevent cross-contamination. All clean linens must be stored on smooth, nonabsorbent, cleanable surfaces located a minimum of six inches above the floor.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-24.

 


          44:02:08:11.  Housekeeping -- Maintenance of premises. All parts of the vacation home establishment and its premises must be kept neat, clean, and in good repair, and free from litter and rubbish. Housekeeping operations and conditions may not constitute a health hazard. Cleaning operations must be conducted in a manner which minimizes contamination of facilities. A sanitizer or disinfectant or both must be used on all contact surfaces in toilet, bathroom, and bathing facilities to prevent the spread of disease. All cleaners, sanitizers, and disinfectants must comply with 40 C.F.R. § 180.940, June 23, 2004. Cleaning equipment, supplies, insecticides, paints, and other toxic or hazardous products must be stored in a manner to minimize health risks. An ingredient label and "direction for use" label on each chemical being used must be readily available for reference or inspection. All containers used for dispensing these chemicals must be prominently and distinctively labeled for identification of contents. The use of carpeting in toilet rooms and bathing facilities and kitchens is prohibited.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-24.

 


          44:02:08:12.  Hazardous condition. If, during the course of a routine inspection, an obvious health hazard or other hazardous condition is discovered which presents an imminent danger to individuals, the department may require the owner of the vacation home establishment to remove or correct the hazardous condition.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-24.

 


          44:02:08:13.  Water recreation facilities. All water recreation facilities, including swimming pools, spas, and water slides operated by a vacation home establishment and used by guests or the public, must be designed, constructed, and maintained using the "Recommended Standards for Swimming Pool Design and Operation," 1996 edition.

 

          The owner or operator of a swimming pool, spa, or other water recreational facility shall collect and submit at least one water sample every two weeks for each swimming pool, spa, or other water recreational facility while in use under the owner's or operator's control to an EPA-certified laboratory for bacteriological analysis. The owner or operator shall report any unsafe water sample test results to the department within three days after receipt of such test results. Upon the receipt of a positive water sample the owner or operator of the facility shall submit two consecutive negative samples to the department to confirm treatment procedures have eliminated the contamination. If a resample test is positive, the facility shall close the affected water recreational facility and submit two consecutive negative samples prior to allowing guest use of affected water recreational facility. A colorimetric test kit is required for the monitoring and adjusting of disinfectant levels and pH in a swimming pool, spa, or other water recreational facilities. A weekly log of disinfectant levels and pH must be maintained by the owner or operator of the facility while the facility is being rented out to the public.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008; 36 SDR 96, effective December 8, 2009.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-24.

 

          Reference: "Recommended Standards for Swimming Pool Design and Operation," 1996 edition, Great Lakes-Upper Mississippi River Board of State and Provincial Public Health and Environmental Managers Sanitary Engineers. Copies are available at no cost from the Office of Health Protection, South Dakota Health Department, 615 East 4th Street, Pierre, SD 57501

 


          44:02:08:14.  Annual license fee. Repealed.

 

          Source: 34 SDR 321, effective June 30, 2008; repealed, 36 SDR 31, effective August 18, 2009.

 


          44:02:08:15.  Egress windows. Each egress window shall have at least a net clear opening of 5.7 square feet. The net clear opening shall be at least 24 inches high and at least 20 inches wide. The egress window shall open from the inside of the guest room without the use of any special tool or knowledge. The egress window shall have a finished sill height of not more than 48 inches above the floor.

 

          Source: 36 SDR 96, effective December 8, 2009.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-22.1, 34-18-22.2, 34-18-24.

 


          44:02:08:16.  Egress window wells. Each egress window that is below grade shall lead to a window well. The horizontal dimensions of the window well shall provide at least a net clear area of nine square feet with at least a horizontal projection and width of 36 inches. The vertical height of the window well may not exceed 48 inches.

 

          Source: 36 SDR 96, effective December 8, 2009.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-22.1, 34-18-22.2, 34-18-24.

 


          44:02:08:17.  Egress window exception. For lodging establishments constructed before July 1, 2009, each grade level egress window shall have at least a net clear opening of five square feet and shall be at least 24 inches high and at least 20 inches wide.

 

          Source: 36 SDR 96, effective December 8, 2009.

          General Authority: SDCL 34-1-17, 34-18-22.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 34-18-22, 34-18-22.1, 34-18-22.2, 34-18-24.

 


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