ENTITLED, An Act to legalize the growth, production, and processing of industrial hemp and derivative products in the state.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA:
Section 1. That subdivision (7) of § 22-42-1 be amended to read:
(7) "Marijuana," all parts of any plant of the genus cannabis, whether growing or not, in its natural and unaltered state, except for drying or curing and crushing or crumbling. The term includes an altered state of marijuana absorbed into the human body. The term does not include industrial hemp as defined in section 3 of this Act, fiber produced from the mature stalks of such plant, or oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant;
Section 2. That subdivision (12) of § 34-20B-1 be amended to read:
(12) "Marijuana," all parts of any plant of the genus cannabis, whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such plant or its seeds. The term does not include industrial hemp as defined in section 3 of this Act, fiber produced from the mature stalks of the plant, or oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant, or the resin when extracted from any part of the plant, or a drug product approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration;
Section 3. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
For the purposes of this Act, industrial hemp or hemp, is the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of that plant, including the seeds thereof and all derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.
Section 4. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
Any applicant desiring to grow, produce, or process industrial hemp shall apply to the
Department of Agriculture for a license on a form prescribed by the department in rules promulgated pursuant to chapter 1-26. A license shall be obtained before an applicant may purchase or obtain industrial hemp material for planting, propagation, or processing. The applicant is responsible for compliance by anyone working under the applicant's license with all sections of this Act. Only an applicant licensed to grow, produce, or process industrial hemp pursuant to this Act, or an employee of the licensed applicant, may intentionally possess any part, stalk, leaf, bud, flower, or seed of an industrial hemp plant.
Section 5. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
The application for a license shall include the name and address of the applicant, and the legal description of the land area to be used to grow, produce, or process industrial hemp. Except for employees of the South Dakota Department of Agriculture, the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, or the South Dakota State University Extension Service involved in research and extension-related activities, before initial licensure and any subsequent license renewal, the department shall require each applicant and each of the applicant's employees who have access to and control over industrial hemp in the ordinary course of their employment to submit to a statewide and nationwide criminal history record check through fingerprint checks by the Division of Criminal Investigation and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The department shall require any of the applicant's employees covered by this section, hired by the applicant subsequent to licensure, to submit to the same criminal history record check at the time the employee is hired. All costs associated with the criminal history record check are the responsibility of the applicant. Criminal history records provided to the department under this section are confidential. However, the department may disclose information received pursuant to this section with law enforcement. The department may use the records only in determining an applicant's eligibility for licensure.
Section 6. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
The department shall deny licensure to any applicant convicted of a felony relating to a controlled substance or marijuana under state or federal law in the ten year period following conviction.
Section 7. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
If the applicant has completed the application process to the satisfaction of the department, the department shall issue the license. A license issued under this Act is valid for one year. An application for a license under this section shall be submitted to the department any time before the purchase of industrial hemp material, including hemp seed or viable propagation material. The department shall assess each applicant a fee not to exceed three hundred fifty dollars. The department shall deposit fees collected under this chapter in the general fund.
The department may deny, revoke, or suspend a license to any person who:
(1) Violates this Act;
(2) Provides false or misleading information in connection with any application required by this Act; or
(3) Has been convicted of a felony, as described in section 6 of this Act, since the most recent criminal history background check.
Any person denied a license under this section may request a hearing before the secretary pursuant to chapter 1-26.
Section 8. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
Each licensee pursuant to this Act shall file with the Department of Agriculture documentation indicating compliance with the following, as applicable:
(1) That the seeds planted were of a type and variety certified to have no more than three-tenths of one percent tetrahydrocannabinol;
(2) That the industrial hemp harvested contains a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis at the time of harvest;
(3) That the industrial hemp processed contains a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent at the time of receipt of the raw material to be processed; and
(4) That the product resulting from the processing of industrial hemp contains a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent at the time of shipment or sale by the processor.
Section 9. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
The department may enter on any land or areas where hemp is grown, stored, or processed for the purposes of inspections, sample collection, testing, or investigation for the purposes of enforcing this Act. Any hemp found to be in violation of this Act is subject to confiscation and disposal by the department. Any costs arising from the confiscation and disposal shall be the responsibility of the grower, producer, processor, or owner of the hemp. The department is not liable for any destruction of hemp or hemp products carried out under this Act. If a violation occurs, the grower, producer, or processor shall be given, in writing, a copy of the results.
Section 10. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
The following state agencies shall promulgate rules, pursuant to chapter 1-26, in the following areas:
(1) The Department of Agriculture shall establish inspection, testing, and transportation requirements in accordance with guidance from the United States Department of Agriculture;
(2) The Department of Agriculture shall make any modifications or additions to the industrial hemp licensure program and rules adopted pursuant to this Act in order to comply with any standards or regulations regarding industrial hemp implemented by the United States Department of Agriculture;
(3) The Department of Agriculture shall establish inspection, testing, licensure, and other fees
under this Act, not to exceed one thousand dollars, in each instance, moneys from which shall be placed in the general fund;
(4) The Department of Agriculture shall establish certification criteria and testing procedures for industrial hemp seed;
(5) The Department of Public Safety shall establish requirements for licensure of transportation of industrial hemp in and through South Dakota, whether by a licensed grower, producer, or processor or by persons contracting for such transportation, provided that all such standards shall be consistent with federal law, including federal laws regarding industrial hemp and interstate commerce of industrial hemp; and
(6) The Department of Health shall establish rules for the revocation of a license to produce or process industrial hemp under the circumstances set forth in section 17 of this Act.
Section 11. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
The Department of Agriculture, in consultation with the Department of Public Safety and the Department of Health, shall work with the attorney general to develop a program, to license growth of industrial hemp in South Dakota. With approval of the attorney general, the Department of Agriculture shall apply to the United States Department of Agriculture for approval of a program to license growth of industrial hemp in South Dakota. The Department of Agriculture shall set up a program to license growth, production, or processing of industrial hemp once approval is received by the United States Department of Agriculture.
Section 12. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
Any law enforcement officer may require any person transporting industrial hemp to stop any vehicle transporting such product for the purposes of inspection of appropriate licensure or paperwork. The law enforcement officer may collect a sample of such product for the purpose of testing for any concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol that exceeds three-tenths of one percent. The
sample collected by law enforcement may not exceed eight ounces. It shall be a Class 2 misdemeanor to transport industrial hemp without appropriate licensure or paperwork from a federal or state authority.
Section 13. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
The transportation of industrial hemp in South Dakota is prohibited, except for the following:
(1) Persons licensed pursuant to this Act and employees of such licensees under section 5 of this Act;
(2) Persons authorized or licensed for transportation of industrial hemp under this Act, including persons authorized for interstate transportation of industrial hemp by a valid state or federal authority;
(3) Seed suppliers licensed pursuant to this Act;
(4) Persons under contract with South Dakota state government pursuant to this Act; and
(5) State or federal government and law enforcement officials in the ordinary conduct of their office.
Section 14. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
Except for willful or wanton misconduct, a law enforcement officer described in this Act, or a surety on his or her official bond, may not be liable for any damages claimed to have been incurred by reason of any damages allegedly arising from the regulation of industrial hemp under this Act, including loss of time, shrinkage, or related damages.
Section 15. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a person licensed to grow industrial hemp under this Act shall grow the plant only in a field open to the air above throughout the year.
Section 16. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
As used in section 3 of this Act, the term, cannabinoids, includes cannabidiol, which shall be
defined for purposes of this section as a processed cannabinoid product derived from industrial hemp with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent. A person licensed under this Act shall be permitted to produce or process cannabidiol, provided:
(1) The licensee complies with all provisions of this Act and regulations adopted pursuant to the Act; and
(2) The United States Food and Drug Administration does not enact any new regulations or issue official decisions, within its established jurisdiction over food and drugs under the federal Food, Drug & Cosmetics Act, directly prohibiting the introduction into interstate commerce of the specific cannabidiol products produced or processed by the licensee.
Section 17. That the code be amended by adding a NEW SECTION to read:
The Department of Health shall revoke the license of any licensee under this Act if the licensee produces or processes one or more specific cannabidiol products under this section that have been directly prohibited for introduction into interstate commerce by new regulations adopted, or official decisions issued, by the Food & Drug Administration. Before revocation of a license under this section, the licensee shall be afforded:
(1) Thirty days in which to cease production or processing of the specific cannabidiol product or products directly prohibited by the Food & Drug Administration; and
(2) A contested case hearing and other procedures provided under chapter 1-26.
In the event the licensee demonstrates that he or she has ceased production or processing of the specific cannabidiol product or products directly prohibited by the Food & Drug Administration within thirty days of written notice from the Department of Health, the licensee shall be authorized to continue the production or processing of any industrial hemp products for which it has been licensed under this Act and which have not been directly prohibited by the Food & Drug Administration.
An Act to legalize the growth, production, and processing of industrial hemp and derivative products in the state.
I certify that the attached Act originated in the
HOUSE as Bill No. 1191
Speaker of the House
President of the Senate
Secretary of the Senate
House Bill No. 1191
File No. ____
Chapter No. ______
Received at this Executive Office this _____ day of _____________ ,
20____ at ____________ M.
for the Governor
The attached Act is hereby approved this ________ day of ______________ , A.D., 20___
STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA,
Office of the Secretary of State
Filed ____________ , 20___
at _________ o'clock __ M.
Secretary of State
Asst. Secretary of State