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CHAPTER 61:15:07

FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SCHOOL BUILDINGS

Section

61:15:07:01       Definition of authority having jurisdiction.

61:15:07:02       Applicability.

61:15:07:03       Portable fire extinguishers.

61:15:07:04       Automatic sprinkler system requirements.

61:15:07:05       Ventilating hood and duct systems.

61:15:07:06       Fire-extinguishing equipment for protection of kitchen grease hoods and ducts.

61:15:07:07       Operation and maintenance of hood and duct suppression systems.

61:15:07:08       Fire-resistive construction maintenance.

61:15:07:09       Maintenance of exits and emergency escapes.

61:15:07:10       Exit doors.

61:15:07:11       Repealed.

61:15:07:12       Fire escapes.

61:15:07:13       Enclosure of vertical shafts.

61:15:07:14       Exit signs.

61:15:07:15       Exit sign illumination.

61:15:07:16       Exit illumination.

61:15:07:17       Control of overcrowding and egress obstruction.

61:15:07:18       Flame retardant treatments.

61:15:07:19       Fire alarm requirements.

61:15:07:20       Laboratories and science rooms.

61:15:07:21       Storage, use, and handling of miscellaneous combustibles.

61:15:07:22       Interior finish requirements.

61:15:07:23       Heating and cooking appliances.

61:15:07:24       Electrical equipment and wiring.

61:15:07:25       Use of temporary wiring.

61:15:07:26       Electrical motors.

61:15:07:27       Extension cords.

61:15:07:28       Access to switchboards and panel boards.

61:15:07:29       Flammable and combustible liquids and liquefied petroleum gas.

61:15:07:30       Compressed gases.

61:15:07:31       Protection of gas appurtenances.

61:15:07:32       Special provisions for kindergarten, first, and second grades.


          61:15:07:01.  Definition of authority having jurisdiction. The authority having jurisdiction is the state or local person or office enforcing the provisions of the International Building Code, International Fire Code, International Mechanical Code, 2015 editions, and this chapter.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-2, 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          References: International Building Code, 2015 edition, International Code Council. Copies may be obtained from the International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478; $114.00 for members and $152.00 for nonmembers. Telephone: 1-888-422-7233.

 

          International Fire Code, 2015 edition, International Code Council. Copies may be obtained from International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478; $92.00 for members and $123.00 for nonmembers. Telephone: 1-888-422-7233.

 

          International Mechanical Code, 2015 edition, International Code Council. Copies may be obtained from the International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478; $72.00 for members and $96.00 for nonmembers. Telephone: 1-888-422-7233.

 


          61:15:07:02.  Applicability. Any structure or structures coming within the scope of SDCL chapter 13-25 must conform to the provisions of this chapter.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-2, 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 


          61:15:07:03.  Portable fire extinguishers. Portable fire extinguishers must be provided in each school occupancy and shall be inspected and maintained in accordance with NFPA 10, "Standards for Portable Fire Extinguishers," 2013 edition. Vaporizing liquid extinguishers containing carbon tetrachloride or chlorobromomethane may not be installed or used in any location for fire protection. Soda-acid, foam, loaded stream, antifreeze, and water fire extinguishers of the inverting type may not be recharged or placed in service for fire protection. Portable extinguishers shall be installed near food-processing equipment.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          Reference: NFPA 10, "Standards For Portable Fire Extinguishers," 2013 edition, National Fire Protection Association. Copies may be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts 02169-9101; $45.45 for members and $50.50 for nonmembers.

 


          61:15:07:04.  Automatic sprinkler system requirements. An automatic sprinkler system must be installed in basements of school occupancies when the total area of unseparated uses exceeds 1,500 square feet in floor area. All valves controlling the water supply for automatic sprinkler systems must be electrically supervised when the number of sprinkler heads exceeds 100. All automatic sprinkler systems must have a water-flow switch which activates the building's fire alarm. For uses to be considered as separated, the separation may not be less than as required for a one-hour occupancy separation.

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992.

          General Authority:SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented:SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.


          61:15:07:05.  Ventilating hood and duct systems. A ventilating hood and duct system must be provided for commercial food heat-processing equipment that produces grease-laden vapors. For each canopy hood the inside edge must overhang or extend a horizontal distance of not less than six inches beyond the edge of the cooking surface on all open sides, and the vertical distance between the lip of the hood and the cooking surface may not exceed four feet.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 


          61:15:07:06.  Fire-extinguishing equipment for protection of kitchen grease hoods and ducts. Fire-suppression systems must be provided for the protection of commercial food heat-processing equipment. The requirement for protection does not include steam kettles and steam tables or equipment which as used does not create grease-laden vapors. The fire-suppression system used to protect ventilating hoods and ducts and cooking appliances must be installed to include cooking surfaces, deep fat fryers, griddles, upright broilers, charbroilers, range tops and grills. Protection must also be provided for the enclosed plenum space within the hood above the filters and the exhaust ducts serving the hood. That portion of the fire-suppression system required for protection of the plenum space within the hood beyond the filter and within the exhaust duct serving the hood may be omitted if grease extractors are installed. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems must be interconnected to the fuel or electrical current supply so that the fuel or current is automatically shut off to all equipment under the hood if the system is actuated. Shutoffs, valves, or switches must be of the type that require manual operation to reset. In addition, carbon dioxide systems must be similarly interconnected to shut off the ventilation fan. A readily accessible, manually activated device must be provided for dry chemical, carbon dioxide, and wet chemical systems at a location approved by the local fire official or a representative of the Department of Public Safety.

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 30 SDR 48, effective October 16, 2003.

          General Authority:SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented:SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.


          61:15:07:07.  Operation and maintenance of hood and duct suppression systems. The ventilation system in connection with hoods must be operated at the designed level, and grease filters must be in place when the equipment under a hood is used. If grease extractors are installed, they must be operated when the appliances are used. Extinguishing systems must be serviced at least every six months or after activation of the system. Inspection must be by a trained person who has undergone the instructions necessary to reliably perform maintenance and has the manufacturer's service manual, and an inspection tag must be attached to the system. Fusible links and automatic sprinkler heads must be replaced at least annually, and other protection devices must be serviced or replaced in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Frangible bulb sprinkler heads need not be replaced annually. Hoods, grease-removal devices, fans, ducts, and other appurtenances must be cleaned to eliminate grease accumulation.

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992.

          General Authority:SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented:SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.


          61:15:07:08.  Fire-resistive construction maintenance. Fire-resistive construction required by the building code in effect at the time of the building's construction or by this chapter, including occupancy separations, area separation walls, shaft enclosures must be maintained as specified in the building code or this chapter. This required fire-resistive construction must be repaired, restored, or replaced when damaged, altered, breached, penetrated, removed, or improperly installed.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 


          61:15:07:09.  Maintenance of exits and emergency escapes. The number of required exits for a building or each level of a building shall meet the requirements of section 1031 of the International Fire Code, 2015 edition. Any building or structure that is not provided with adequate egress is unsafe and may be subjected to the abatement procedures specified in SDCL 13-25-9. Any exit conforming to the requirements of the building code under which the exit was constructed may be considered as complying exits if, in the opinion of the authority having jurisdiction, the exit does not constitute a distinct hazard to life. The fire-resistive rating of any wall, ceiling, or opening that is part of an exit shall meet the minimum requirements of this chapter. No obstruction, including storage, may be placed in the required width of an exit. No exit may be obstructed in any manner. Each exit shall remain free of any material or matter whose presence would make the exit hazardous.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4, 13-25-9.

 

          Reference: International Fire Code, 2015 edition, International Code Council. Copies may be obtained from the International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478; $92.00 for members and $123.00 for nonmembers. Telephone: 1-888-422-7233.

 


          61:15:07:10.  Exit doors. Exit doors must be of the pivoted or side-hinged swinging type and must swing in the direction of exit travel when serving any hazardous area or when serving an occupant load of 50 or more. The door latch must release when subjected to a 15-pound force, and the door must be set in motion when subjected to a 30-pound force. The door must swing to full-open position when subjected to a 15-pound force. Forces must be applied to the latch side. Exit doors must be openable from the inside without the use of a key or any special knowledge or effort. Exit doors may not be locked, chained, bolted, barred, latched, or otherwise rendered unusable when the building is occupied. When the occupant load of a building drops to five or less, exit doors may be provided with a night latch, dead bolt, or security chain if such devices are openable from the inside without the use of a key or special tool.

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996.

          General Authority:SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented:SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.


          61:15:07:11.  Existing corridor construction. Repealed.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; repealed, 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011

 


          61:15:07:12.  Fire escapes. An existing fire escape may be used as one of the exits required by ยง 61:15:07:09. The location and design must comply with the following:

          (1)  Access from a corridor may be through an intervening room if the travel distance does not exceed 150 feet from any area of the building to the egress opening and a direct, obvious, and unobstructed path of travel is provided. Such paths of exit travel may not pass through kitchens, storerooms, restrooms, closets, laboratories, industrial shops, or other similar places;

          (2)  In buildings over two stories high, all openings within 10 feet of the stair must be protected by 3/4-hour fire assemblies. Adjacent enclosure walls located within a recess or vestibule must be of at least one-hour fire-resistive construction;

          (3)  Egress from the building must be by a clear opening at least 20 inches wide, 24 inches high, and 5.7 square feet in area. The bottom of the opening may not be more than 44 inches above the floor;

          (4)  Fire escape stairways and balconies must support the dead load plus a live load of not less than 100 pounds per square foot and must be provided with a top and intermediate handrail on each side. The pitch of the stairway may not exceed 60 degrees with a minimum width of 18 inches. Treads may not be less than 4 inches wide and the rise between treads may not exceed 10 inches. All stair and balcony railings must support a horizontal force of not less than 50 pounds per lineal foot of railing;

          (5)  Balconies may not be less than 44 inches wide and may have no floor openings other than the stairway opening greater than 5/8 inch wide. Stairway openings in such balconies may not be less than 22 inches by 44 inches. The balustrade of each balcony may not be less than 36 inches high and may not have more than 9 inches between balusters;

          (6)  Fire escapes must extend to the roof or provide a gooseneck ladder between the top floor landing and the roof when serving buildings four or more stories high that have roofs with less than 4:12 slope. Fire escape ladders must be designed and connected to the building to withstand a horizontal force of 100 pounds per lineal foot; each rung must support a concentrated load of 500 pounds placed anywhere on the rung. All ladders must be at least 15 inches wide, located within 12 inches of the building, and must be placed flat against the face of the building. Ladder rungs must be 3/4 inch in diameter and must be located 12 inches on center. Openings for roof access ladders through cornices and similar projections must have minimum dimensions of 30 inches by 33 inches;

          (7)  The lowest balcony may not be more than 18 feet from the ground. Fire escapes must extend to the ground or be provided with counterbalanced stairs reaching to the ground;

          (8)  Fire escapes must not take the place of stairways required by the codes under which the building was constructed. Fire escapes must be kept clear and unobstructed at all times and must be maintained in good working order. All doors or windows providing access to a fire escape must be provided with fire escape signs.

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996.

          General Authority:SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented:SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.


          61:15:07:13.  Enclosure of vertical shafts. Interior vertical shafts, including stairways, elevator hoistways, service shafts, and utility shafts, must be enclosed by a minimum of one-hour fire-resistive construction. All openings into such shafts must be protected with one-hour fire assemblies which are self-closing or automatic-closing by smoke detection. All other openings must be protected from fire in a manner approved by the authority having jurisdiction. An enclosure is not required for openings serving only one adjacent floor. Vertical openings need not be protected if the building is protected by an automatic sprinkler system throughout.

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992.

          General Authority:SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented:SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.


          61:15:07:14.  Exit signs. If two or more exits from a story are required by the International Building Code, 2015 edition, exit signs shall be installed at stair enclosure doors, horizontal exits, and other required exits from the story. If two or more exits are required from a room or area, exit signs shall be installed at the exits from the room or area and where otherwise necessary to clearly indicate the direction of egress. If the exitway is not easily identified from any part of a building, regardless of the occupant load, the authority having jurisdiction may require additional signs, lights, or other markings to assure that the exitway meets the intent of this section.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          Reference: International Building Code, 2015 edition, International Code Council. Copies may be obtained from the International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478; $114.00 for members and $152.00 for nonmembers. Telephone: 1-888-422-7233.

 


          61:15:07:15.  Exit sign illumination. Exit signs required to be illuminated by the International Building Code, 2015 edition, shall be maintained in an operable condition.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          Reference: International Building Code, 2015 edition, International Code Council. Copies may be obtained from the International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478; $114.00 for members and $152.00 for nonmembers. Telephone: 1-888-422-7233.

 


          61:15:07:16.  Exit illumination. Exit illumination shall be provided and maintained in accordance with the International Building Code, 2015 edition. Exits shall be illuminated as required by the International Building Code if the building or structure is occupied. Equipment providing emergency power for exit illumination and exit signs shall be maintained in an operable condition.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          Reference: International Building Code, 2015 edition, International Code Council. Copies may be obtained from the International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478; $114.00 for members and $152.00 for nonmembers. Telephone: 1-888-422-7233.

 


          61:15:07:17.  Control of overcrowding and egress obstruction. The school governing body is responsible for control of overcrowding and admittance of persons beyond the capacity of a place of assembly. Upon finding overcrowded conditions or obstructions in aisles, passageways, or other means of egress which constitute a serious menace to life, the authority having jurisdiction may, as a last resort, stop the performance, presentation, spectacle, or entertainment until the conditions or obstructions are corrected.

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992.

          General Authority:SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented:SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.


          61:15:07:18.  Flame retardant treatments. In buildings or rooms used for assembly purposes, stage curtains, valances, leg drops, Christmas trees, and any decorative material exceeding 10 percent of the wall area that would tend to increase the fire and panic hazard must be made from material which is not flammable or must be treated by means of flame-retardant solution or an equivalent process approved by the authority having jurisdiction. Treatments used to accomplish flame retardation must be renewed as often as necessary to maintain the flame-retardant effect. Exit doors, exit lights, fire alarm stations, hose cabinets, and fire-extinguisher locations may not be concealed or obstructed by decorative material.

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992.

          General Authority:SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented:SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.


          61:15:07:19.  Fire alarm requirements. Educational occupancies having an occupant load of 50 or more shall be provided with a manual and automatic fire alarm system. Manual fire alarm boxes shall be located in accordance with NFPA 72, "National Fire Alarm Code," 2013 edition. Fire alarm systems shall be maintained and tested in accordance with the National Fire Alarm Code. Assembly portions of educational occupancies may have alarms as required for the educational occupancy.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          Reference: NFPA 72, "National Fire Alarm Code," 2013 edition, National Fire Protection Association. Copies may be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts 02169-9101; $86.85 for members and $96.50 for nonmembers.

 


          61:15:07:20.  Laboratories and science rooms. Each laboratory and science work area in which hazardous chemicals are used or stored must conform to the following:

 

          (1)  Each laboratory or science room utilizing hazardous chemicals must be separated from each other and from the rest of the building by a minimum of a one-hour fire-resistive separation. Existing construction may be considered as complying, if in the opinion of the fire official, a distinct hazard to life is not found to exist. No separation is required in fully sprinklered buildings;

 

          (2)  Each laboratory must contain at least one portable fire extinguisher with a minimum rating of 2A-10BC per 1500 square feet of lab area;

 

          (3)  Flammable and combustible liquids and hazardous chemicals must be stored in approved metal storage cabinets or in a storage room constructed of one-hour fire-resistive construction;

 

          (4)  Each laboratory and chemical storage room must be provided with mechanical exhaust;

 

          (5)  A manual shutoff valve must be provided for LP-gas and other bulk compressed gas systems. A valve must be provided at the point of supply and at each point of use. A valve that is located near the instructors workstation or an emergency valve is acceptable for the required valve located at the point of use; and

 

          (6)  The maximum water capacity of individual LP-gas cylinders used for experimentation in educational occupancies shall be 50 lbs. Cylinders not in use may not be stored within the building.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 


          61:15:07:21.  Storage, use, and handling of miscellaneous combustibles. The storage, use, and handling of miscellaneous combustibles shall be in accordance with the following:

 

          (1)  Storage of combustible materials in buildings or rooms shall be orderly and maintained at least two feet from the ceiling and at least 18 inches below sprinkler head deflectors;

 

          (2)  Combustible materials may not be stored in exits or exit enclosures;

 

          (3)  Combustible material may not be stored in boiler rooms, mechanical rooms, or electrical equipment rooms unless the combustible material is stored at least ten feet from the boiler or the mechanical or electrical equipment;

 

          (4)  Fueled equipment, including motorcycles, lawn-care equipment, and portable cooking equipment, may not be stored, operated, or repaired within a building except if operated in accordance with the equipment's listing, if permitted by other provisions of code, or in buildings or rooms constructed for such use in accordance with section 313 of the International Fire Code, 2015 edition. The authority having jurisdiction may require the immediate removal of such equipment from any location when the presence of such equipment is determined to be hazardous;

 

          (5)  Combustible decorative material, including cotton batting, paper, foam plastics, cloth, dried vegetation, moss, straw, hay, vines, split bamboo, leaves, and similar material, shall be flame resistant by procedures approved by the authority having jurisdiction. The authority having jurisdiction may except materials and individual decorative items from the requirements of this subdivision based on size and separation from other combustible materials. The aggregate area of any materials or decorative items may not exceed ten percent of the wall area.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          Reference: International Fire Code, 2015 edition, International Code Council. Copies may be obtained from the International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478; $92.00 for members  and $123.00 for nonmembers.  Telephone: 1-888-422-7233.

 

 


          61:15:07:22.  Interior finish requirements. Interior wall and ceiling finish shall conform to section 803.1, Table 803.11, chapter 8 of the International Building Code, 2015 edition. Exposed floor surfaces, including coverings which are applied over a previously finished floor, shall be a Class 2 material in required exits and passageways and in corridors providing exit access. If an automatic sprinkler system is installed, materials need not be classified. Class 2 materials are any materials having a critical radian flux of 0.22 watt per square centimeter as determined by NFPA 253, "Standard Method of Test for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source," 2015 edition.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          References: International Building Code, 2015 edition, International Code Council. Copies may be obtained from the International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478; $114.00 for members and $152.00 for nonmembers. Telephone: 1-888-422-7233.

 

          NFPA 253, "Standard Method of Test for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source," 2015 edition, National Fire Protection Association. Copies may be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts 02169-9101; $35.55 for members and $39.50 for nonmembers.

 


          61:15:07:23.  Heating and cooking appliances. Heating appliances shall be installed and maintained in accordance with their listing and the International Mechanical Code, 2015 edition. Clearance from combustible material shall be maintained as set forth in the building and mechanical codes. Portable unvented fuel-fired heaters may not be used. Domestic and commercial food processing equipment shall be installed and maintained in accordance with their listing and the International Mechanical Code, 2015 edition.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          Reference: International Mechanical Code, 2015 edition, International Code Council. Copies may be obtained from the International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478; $72.00 for members and $96.00 for nonmembers. Telephone: 1-888-422-7233.

 


          61:15:07:24.  Electrical equipment and wiring. Permanent and temporary use of electrical appliances, fixtures, motors, and wiring shall be in accordance with this chapter and the National Electrical Code, 2014 edition. This chapter shall be enforced in cooperation with the authority having jurisdiction for the enforcement of the electrical code. If electrical hazards are identified, measures to abate such conditions shall be taken. Identified hazardous electrical conditions in permanent wiring or temporary wiring shall be corrected in cooperation with the authority enforcing the electrical code. Electrical wiring, devices, appliances, and other equipment which are modified or damaged and constitute an electrical shock or fire hazard may not be used.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          Reference: NFPA 70, National Electrical Code, 2014 edition, National Fire Protection Association. Copies may be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts 02169-9101; $94.50 for members and $105.00 for nonmembers.

 


          61:15:07:25.  Use of temporary wiring. Temporary wiring for electrical power and lighting installations is allowed during periods of construction, remodeling, repair, demolition, or similar activities. Temporary wiring is also allowed for not more than 90 days for Christmas decorative lighting, carnivals, and similar purposes and for experimental or developmental work. When temporary wiring is attached to a structure, it must be attached in a manner that may not create a hazard.

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992.

          General Authority:SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented:SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.


          61:15:07:26.  Electrical motors. Electrical motors must be maintained in a manner free from accumulations of oil, dirt, waste, and other debris which will interfere with motor ventilation or create a fire hazard.

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992.

          General Authority:SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented:SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.


          61:15:07:27.  Extension cords. Extension cords may not be used as a substitute for permanent wiring and must be used in accordance with the following;

          (1)  Extension cords are permitted only with portable appliances while such appliances are in immediate use;

          (2)  Extension cords must be plugged directly into an electrical receptacle, power tap, or multiplug adapter and may, except for listed multiplug extension cords, serve only one portable appliance;

          (3)  The ampacity of an extension cord may not be less than the rated capacity of the portable appliance supplied by the cord;

          (4)  Extension cords must be maintained in good condition without splices, deterioration, or damage and must be grounded when serving grounded portable appliances;

          (5)  Extension cords and flexible cords may not be affixed to structures; extend through walls, ceilings, or floors or under doors or floor coverings; or be subject to environmental or physical damage.

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992.

          General Authority:SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented:SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.


          61:15:07:28.  Access to switchboards and panel boards. Workspace around switchboards and panel boards shall be provided and maintained as required by the National Electrical Code, 2014 edition. Such space may not be used for storage. A clear and unobstructed means of access with a minimum width of 36 inches and a minimum height of 78 inches shall be maintained from the operating face of the switchboard or panel board to an aisle or corridor. The disconnecting means for each service, feeder, or branch circuit originating on a switchboard or panel board shall be legibly and durably marked to indicate its purpose unless the purpose is clearly evident.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          Reference: NFPA 70, National Electrical Code, 2014 edition, National Fire Protection Association. Copies may be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts 02169-9101; $94.50 for members and $105.00 for nonmembers.

 


          61:15:07:29.  Flammable and combustible liquids and liquefied petroleum gas. The storage, use, dispensing, mixing, and handling of flammable and combustible liquids and liquefied petroleum gas shall be in accordance with chapters 57 and 61 of the International Fire Code, 2015 edition. Flammable and combustible liquids are allowed to be used for maintenance purposes, operation of equipment, demonstration, or laboratory work if stored in cabinets which comply with the International Fire Code, 2015 edition. Quantities not exceeding 10 gallons may be stored outside a cabinet when in storage containers located in a location approved by the authority having jurisdiction.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          Reference: International Fire Code, 2015 edition, International Code Council. Copies may be obtained from the International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478; $92.00 for members and $123.00 for nonmembers. Telephone: 1-888-422-7233.

 


          61:15:07:30.  Compressed gases. Cylinders containing flammable and nonflammable gases shall be stored, used, and handled in accordance with the International Fire Code, chapter 53, 2015 edition. Cylinders, pressure vessels, and groups of containers shall be marked with the name of the gas contained and if in service or in storage shall be adequately secured to prevent cylinders from falling or being knocked over.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996; 27 SDR 75, effective February 7, 2001; 33 SDR 113, effective January 2, 2007; 37 SDR 235, effective June 28, 2011; 43 SDR 56, effective October 17, 2016.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 

          Reference: International Fire Code, 2015 edition, International Code Council. Copies may be obtained from the International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478; $92.00 for members and $123.00 for nonmembers. Telephone: 1-888-422-7233.

 


          61:15:07:31.  Protection of gas appurtenances. Gas meters, regulators, piping, and liquefied petroleum gas tanks located in an alley, driveway, parking lot, or other area where vehicular damage may occur must be protected by barriers.

 

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992.

          General Authority: SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented: SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.

 


          61:15:07:32.  Special provisions for kindergarten, first, and second grades. Rooms used for kindergarten, first, or second grade pupils may not be located above or below the first story, except in basements or stories that have floor levels located within four feet, measured vertically, from the adjacent ground level at the point of exit, provided the basement or story has exits directly to the exterior at that level. In buildings equipped with an automatic sprinkler system throughout, rooms used for kindergarten, first, and second grade pupils may be located on the second story if there are at least two exits directly to the exterior for the exclusive use of the occupants. The authority having jurisdiction may modify the requirements of this section if exigent circumstances are encountered in a specific case.

          Source: 18 SDR 107, effective January 1, 1992; 23 SDR 32, effective September 11, 1996.

          General Authority:SDCL 13-25-2.

          Law Implemented:SDCL 13-25-3, 13-25-4.


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