Codified Laws

Text Search

Enter the text to search for and click Search to get a list of statutes containing the text you entered. Tips:
  • Multiple words will be searched as a phrase. Entering Property Tax will return statutes that contain the complete phrase Property Tax.
  • Logical Operators are allowed. Hunting and Fishing will return statutes that containing both hunting and fishing. Hunting or Fishing will return statutes that contain hunting, fishing, or both.
  • Wild cards(*) are allowed. Entering Approp* will return statutes that contain Appropriation, Appropriate, Appropriated, etc..
  • Punctuation can also be used as operators. + = and, , = or. Searching for phrases that have , and will result in error unless you enclose the entire phrase in quotes.
The Filter option allows you to narrow your search results to a specific Title or Chapter. Here is a tip for using the filter option.
  • Use a dash (-) as the last character of your filter to refine searches. For example the filter "1-1" returns sections in 1-1, 1-10, 1-11, 1-12, etc. The filter "1-1-" returns only sections in Chapter 1-1.

Quick Find

Type the Statute number you are looking for in the form Title-Chapter-Section . Examples(1-1-1.1, 27A-11A-12, etc.)

The Get Statute button can be used to locate a specific statute. You may type in a title, chapter, or section number. Example: typing 1 will return the chapter list for Title 1, typing 1-1 will return the section list for chapter 1-1, typing 1-1-1 will return section 1-1-1 of the statutes.

The Get Chapter button can be used to load a complete chapter of the statutes. This function requires a title and a chapter number. Examples: 1-1, 57A-1, 1-3


23A-45-9Definition of terms.

Terms used in this title mean:

(1)    "Class 1 misdemeanor," the same as the term is defined in § 22-6-2;

(2)    "Class 2 misdemeanor," the same as the term is defined in § 22-6-2;

(3)    "Committing magistrate," any of the following:

(a)    A justice of the Supreme Court;

(b)    A judge of the circuit court;

(c)    A magistrate judge;

(d)    A nonlaw-trained magistrate when acting within the authority conferred under chapter 16-12C;

(4)    "Defendant," the party prosecuted in a criminal proceeding or a proceeding for the violation of an ordinance, bylaw, or police regulation of a unit of local government. A person becomes a defendant when he is arrested or summoned pursuant to § 23A-2-9, 23A-2-11, or 23A-3-1;

(5)    "Former acquittal," a plea to prevent a criminal action stating that the defendant has been charged and tried for the same alleged offense and has been acquitted. If a defendant was formerly acquitted on the ground of variance between an indictment or information and the proof, or if an indictment or information was dismissed upon an objection to its form or substance without a judgment of acquittal, it is not an acquittal of the same offense;

(6)    "Held to answer," the time at which an indictment or information is filed against a person;

(7)    "In camera," the judge viewing material with neither party present;

(8)    "In chambers," the judge and the parties determining a matter in the private office of the judge;

(9)    "Law enforcement officer," an officer or employee of the state or any of its units of local government, or of the United States, or an employee of a railroad or express company while on duty, who is responsible for the prevention or detection of criminal activity or for the enforcement of the criminal or highway traffic laws of the state. Nothing in this subdivision may be interpreted to extend the territorial jurisdiction, statutory jurisdiction, or statutory authority of any officer or employee included in this definition;

(10)    "Night," the period from 8:00 p.m. to 8:00 a.m., local time;

(11)    "Oath," an oath or an affirmation;

(12)    "Ordinance, bylaw, or police regulation," any rule of conduct promulgated by a unit of local government that may be punished by imprisonment or a fine, or both, for a violation. For purposes of this subdivision, the term, fine, does not include deposits for services rendered, licensing fees, or fees imposed for late payments for services rendered;

(13)    "Peace officer," a law enforcement officer;

(14)    "Prosecuting attorney," the attorney general, an assistant attorney general, a special assistant attorney general, a state's attorney or an assistant state's attorney, a special prosecutor appointed by a court, a city attorney or any deputy of the city attorney, or any attorney engaged by the state or a unit of local government to prosecute a criminal proceeding or a proceeding for the violation of an ordinance, bylaw, or police regulation of a unit of local government;

(15)    "State," the State of South Dakota and any of its units of local government;

(16)    "Subpoena," the process by which the attendance of a witness is required before a court, magistrate, or grand jury, or for the purpose of being deposed;

(17)    "Unit of local government," a chartered governmental unit, county, township, municipality, or any other subdivision of the state that may enforce its ordinances, bylaws, or regulations by bringing a court action that may result in a fine or imprisonment being imposed on the defendant.

Source: SDC 1939 & Supp 1960, §§ 34.1302, 34.1618, 34.2401, 34.2904; SDCL §§ 23-2-6, 23-21-4, 23-21-7, 23-40-1; SL 1978, ch 178, § 557; SL 1980, ch 173, § 5; SL 2018, ch 147, § 1.

Get Chapter 23A-45
Back to Chapter 23A-45

Click message to listen