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     34-20B-1.   Definitions. Terms as used in this chapter mean:
             (1)      "Administer," to deliver a controlled drug or substance to the ultimate user or human research subject by injection, inhalation, or ingestion, or by any other means;
             (2)      "Agent," an authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser and includes a common or contract carrier, public warehouseman, or employee thereof;
             (3)      "Control," to add, remove, or change the placement of a drug, substance, or immediate precursor under §§ 34-20B-27 and 34-20B-28;
             (4)      "Counterfeit substance," a controlled drug or substance which, or the container or labeling of which, without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark, imprint, number, or device, or any likeness thereof, of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser other than the person or persons who manufactured, distributed, or dispensed such substance and which thereby falsely purports or is represented to be the product of, or to have been distributed by, such other manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser;
             (5)      "Deliver" or "delivery," the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer of a controlled drug, substance, or marijuana whether or not there exists an agency relationship;
             (6)      "Department," the Department of Health created by chapter 1-43;
             (7)      "Dispense," to deliver a controlled drug or substance to the ultimate user or human research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing, administering, packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for such delivery, and a dispenser is one who dispenses;
             (8)      "Distribute," to deliver a controlled drug, substance, or marijuana. A distributor is a person who delivers a controlled drug, substance, or marijuana;
             (9)      "Hashish," the resin extracted from any part of any plant of the genus cannabis, commonly known as the marijuana plant;
             (10)      "Imprisonment," imprisonment in the state penitentiary unless the penalty specifically provides for imprisonment in the county jail;
             (11)      "Manufacture," the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, or processing of a controlled drug or substance, either directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis. A manufacturer includes any person who packages, repackages, or labels any container of any controlled drug or substance, except practitioners who dispense or compound prescription orders for delivery to the ultimate consumer;
             (12)      "Marijuana," all parts of any plant of the genus cannabis, whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such plant or its seeds. The term does not include fiber produced from the mature stalks of the plant, or oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant, or the resin when extracted from any part of the plant or cannabidiol, a drug product approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration;
             (13)      "Narcotic drug," any of the following, whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:
             (a)      Opium, coca leaves, and opiates;
             (b)      A compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, or preparation of opium, coca leaves, or opiates;
             (c)      A substance (and any compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, or preparation thereof) which is chemically identical with any of the substances referred to in subsections (a) and (b) of this subdivision;
                  except that the term, narcotic drug, as used in this chapter does not include decocainized coca leaves or extracts of coca leaves, which extracts do not contain cocaine or ecgonine;
             (14)      "Opiate" or "Opioid," any controlled drug or substance having an addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having such addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability;
             (15)      "Opium poppy," the plant of the species papaver somniferum L., except the seeds thereof;
             (16)      "Person," any corporation, association, limited liability company, partnership or one or more individuals;
             (17)      "Poppy straw," all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing;
             (18)      "Practitioner," a doctor of medicine, osteopathy, podiatry, optometry, dentistry, or veterinary medicine licensed to practice their profession, or pharmacists licensed to practice their profession; physician assistants certified to practice their profession; certified nurse practitioners and certified nurse midwives to practice their profession; government employees acting within the scope of their employment; and persons permitted by certificates issued by the department to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to, or administer a substance controlled by this chapter;
             (18A)      "Prescribe," an order of a practitioner for a controlled drug or substance.
             (19)      "Production," the manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing, or harvesting of a controlled drug or substance;
             (20)      "State," the State of South Dakota;
             (21)      "Ultimate user," a person who lawfully possesses a controlled drug or substance for personal use or for the use of a member of the person's household or for administration to an animal owned by the person or by a member of the person's household;
             (22)      "Controlled substance analogue," any of the following:
             (a)      A substance that differs in its chemical structure to a controlled substance listed in or added to the schedule designated in schedule I or II only by substituting one or more hydrogens with halogens or by substituting one halogen with a different halogen; or
             (b)      A substance that is an alkyl homolog of a controlled substance listed in or added to schedule I or II; or
             (c)      A substance intended for human consumption; and
             (i)      The chemical structure of which is substantially similar to the chemical structure of a controlled substance in schedule I or II;
             (ii)      Which has a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in schedule I or II; or
             (iii)      With respect to a particular person, which such person represents or intends to have a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in schedule I or II;
                  However, the term, controlled substance analogue, does not include a controlled substance or any substance for which there is an approved new drug application.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 6; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-44; SL 1972, ch 216, § 1; SL 1974, ch 266, § 1; SL 1975, ch 256; SL 1976, ch 158, § 42-9; SL 1981, ch 260, §§ 1, 2; SL 1981, ch 375, §§ 18, 19; SL 1984, ch 239, § 1; SL 1985, ch 185, § 2; SL 1986, ch 306, § 11; SL 1989, ch 21, § 158; SL 1989, ch 293, § 1; SL 1994, ch 351, § 61; SL 1995, ch 191, § 4; SL 2004, ch 229, § 1; SL 2013, ch 156, § 1, eff. Mar. 6, 2013; SL 2017, ch 155, § 1; SL 2017, ch 171, § 50; SL 2019, ch 148, § 1, eff. Feb. 19, 2019.


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