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CHAPTER 25-7

SUPPORT OBLIGATIONS

25-7-1      Duty to support spouse.
25-7-2      Liability for necessaries supplied to spouse.
25-7-3      Abandonment or separation of spouses--Liability for support.
25-7-4      Failure to support spouse as felony.
25-7-5      Duty to support spouse.
25-7-6      Repealed.
25-7-6.1      Obligation of parents to support child--Liability of absent parent--"Continued absence from the home".
25-7-6.2      Support obligation schedule.
25-7-6.3      Determination of parents' monthly net income--Sources of income.
25-7-6.4      Rebuttable presumption of employment at minimum wage.
25-7-6.5      Assets considered when income insufficient.
25-7-6.6      Profits or losses shown on federal income tax schedules as gross income--Court allowance of deduction.
25-7-6.7      Allowable deductions from monthly gross income.
25-7-6.8      Repealed.
25-7-6.9      Income above the schedule--Child support adjusted to appropriate level.
25-7-6.10      Factors considered for deviation from schedule.
25-7-6.11      Periodic adjustments in support.
25-7-6.12      Review and amendment of schedule.
25-7-6.13      Modification of prior orders of support.
25-7-6.14      Abatement of portion of child support--Modification.
25-7-6.15      Allocation of travel costs by court.
25-7-6.16      Medical support--Insurance--Computation of costs--Apportionment between parents.
25-7-6.17      Large adjustment in support phased in.
25-7-6.18      Order allocating child care expenses.
25-7-6.19      Credit for child support arrearages for parent with primary physical custody during period of custody.
25-7-6.20      Lien on payment or installment of support under an order of support--Notice.
25-7-6.21      Credit on monthly support obligation for social security or veteran's dependent benefits.
25-7-6.22      Rebuttable presumption that second job income not to be considered in establishing support obligation.
25-7-6.23      Offset of support obligation when each parent has primary physical custody of at least one child--Computation--Assistance from department.
25-7-6.24      Change of physical custody of child without court approval--Order to pay child support.
25-7-6.25      Form to request reimbursement of medical or health care costs from parent--Small claims procedure.
25-7-6.26      Effect of failure to furnish financial information.
25-7-6.27      Shared parenting child support cross credit.
25-7-6.28      Child residence with parent for a night--Residence for days.
25-7-7      Repealed.
25-7-7.1      Continuation of duty to support.
25-7-7.2      Expenses incurred on child's behalf--Fee schedule.
25-7-7.3      Previously ordered support payments not subject to modification--Exception.


25-7-7.4      Unpaid payment or installment of support as judgment.
25-7-7.5      Filing of sworn statement or certificate of unpaid support due--Effective date of judgment.
25-7-7.6      Court may order payment of arrearages.
25-7-7.7      Termination of child support order upon disestablishment of paternity.
25-7-8      Stepparent's duty to support spouse's children.
25-7-9      Adult child supported by parent.
25-7-10      Liability of parent for necessaries supplied to child.
25-7-11      Repealed.
25-7-12      Allowances to parent out of child's property.
25-7-13      Support of spouse and children out of property of absentee, prisoner or mentally ill person--Application to circuit court--Notice--Trial and judgment.
25-7-14      Reimbursement of county from deceased parent's estate for support provided child.
25-7-15      Desertion of child under ten as felony.
25-7-16      Nonsupport of child by parent as misdemeanor--Felony where parent leaves state--Spiritual treatment--Unemployment.
25-7-16.1      Cash bond for nonsupport applied to child support arrearages.
25-7-17      Abandonment or nonsupport of child by parent as prima facie evidence of intent.
25-7-17.1      Parent's choice of health services permitted in legitimate practice of religious beliefs not violation of support requirements.
25-7-18      Repealed.
25-7-19      Marital status and divorce decrees immaterial to criminal liability--Status of unborn child.
25-7-20      Parent's criminal liability not relieved by other parent's custody or support provided by others.
25-7-20.1      Complaint for nonsupport signed by representative of department.
25-7-21      Repealed.
25-7-22      Communications not privileged in nonsupport prosecutions--Husband and wife as witnesses.
25-7-23      Abandonment and nonsupport of spouse or children as prima facie evidence of intent.
25-7-24      Release on undertaking to support spouse or child--Amount and terms of undertaking.
25-7-25      Cancellation of undertaking for support on demonstration of good faith.
25-7-26      Arrest and forfeiture of undertaking on failure to comply--Trial--Commitment or release on new undertaking.
25-7-26.1      Posting bond by obligor--Notice.
25-7-27      Adult child's duty to support parent when necessary--Notice required.
25-7-28      Adult child's right of contribution from brothers and sisters for support of parent--Notice required.
25-7-29      Repealed.
25-7-30      Proof of marriage and parentage.
25-7-31 to 25-7-36.      Repealed.
25-7-37      Chronically delinquent defined.
25-7-38      Late fee for certain chronically delinquent child support payments.


     25-7-1.   Duty to support spouse. A person shall support himself or herself and his or her spouse out of his or her property or by his or her labor.

Source: SDC 1939, § 14.0209; SL 1984, ch 12, § 46.


     25-7-2.   Liability for necessaries supplied to spouse. If a person neglects to make adequate provision for the support of his or her spouse, any other person may in good faith supply the spouse with reasonable necessaries for the spouse's support and recover the reasonable value thereof from that person, except in cases where by law the person is not liable for the spouse's support.

Source: SDC 1939, § 14.0210; SL 1984, ch 12, § 47.


     25-7-3.   Abandonment or separation of spouses--Liability for support. A person abandoned by his or her spouse is not liable for the spouse's support until the spouse offers to return, unless the spouse was justified by the person's misconduct in abandoning him or her. A person is not liable for a spouse's support when the spouse is living separate by agreement, unless support is stipulated in the agreement.

Source: SDC 1939, § 14.0211; SL 1984, ch 12, § 48.


     25-7-4.   Failure to support spouse as felony. Every person with sufficient ability to provide for his or her spouse's support, or who is able to earn the means of the spouse's support, who intentionally abandons and leaves his or her spouse in a destitute condition, or who refuses or neglects to provide such spouse with necessary food, clothing, shelter, or medical attendance, unless, by the spouse's misconduct, he or she is justified in abandoning the spouse or failing to so provide is guilty of a Class 6 felony.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.3205 as enacted by SL 1963, ch 56, § 1; SL 1984, ch 12, § 49.


     25-7-5.   Duty to support spouse. A person shall support his or her spouse, when the spouse has not deserted him or her, out of his or her separate property, when the spouse has no separate property and the spouse is unable from infirmity to support himself or herself.

Source: SDC 1939, § 14.0209; SL 1984, ch 12, § 50.


     25-7-6.   Repealed by SL 1991, ch 212


     25-7-6.1.   Obligation of parents to support child--Liability of absent parent--"Continued absence from the home". The parents of a child are jointly and severally obligated for the necessary maintenance, education, and support of the child in accordance with their respective means. Until established by a court order, the minimum child support obligation of a parent who fails to furnish maintenance, education, and support for his child, following a continued absence from the home, is the obligor's share of the amount shown in the support guidelines, commencing on the first day of the absence. For the purposes of this section, "continued absence from the home," means that the parent or child is physically absent from the home for a period of at least thirty consecutive days, and that the nature of the absence constitutes family dissociation because of a substantial severance of marital and family ties and responsibilities, resulting in the child losing or having a substantial reduction of physical care, communication, guidance, and support from the parent.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 1; SL 1992, ch 182, § 1.


     25-7-6.2.   Support obligation schedule. The child support obligation shall be established in accordance with the following schedule subject to the revisions or deviations as permitted by this chapter. Except as provided in this chapter, the combined monthly net incomes of both parents shall be used in determining the obligation which shall be divided proportionately between the parents based upon their respective net incomes. The noncustodial parent's proportionate share establishes the amount of the child support order.
     If the obligation using only the noncustodial parent's monthly net income is an obligation within the emboldened areas of the schedule, that amount shall be compared to the noncustodial parent's proportionate share using both parents' monthly net incomes. The lesser amount establishes the noncustodial parent's child support order.

Monthly

Net

Income  


One

Child  


Two

Children  


Three

Children  


Four

Children  


Five

Children  


Six

Children  

0-950   79   79   79   79   79   79  
951-1,000   129   129   129   129   129   129  
1,001-1,050   179   179   179   179   179   179  
1,051-1,100   225   229   229   229   229   229  
1,101-1,150   266   279   279   279   279   279  
1,151-1,200   308   329   329   329   329   329  
1,201-1,250   320   379   379   379   379   379  
1,251-1,300   333   429   429   429   429   429  
1,301-1,350   345   479   479   479   479   479  
1,351-1,400   357   523   529   529   529   529  
1,401-1,450   370   541   579   579   579   579  
1,451-1,500   382   559   629   629   629   629  
1,501-1,550   395   577   679   679   679   679  
1,551-1,600   407   595   706   729   729   729  
1,601-1,650   419   613   727   779   779   779  
1,651-1,700   431   629   747   829   829   829  
1,701-1,750   443   646   766   855   879   879  
1,751-1,800   455   663   785   877   929   929  
1,801-1,850   466   679   804   899   979   979  
1,851-1,900   478   696   824   920   1,012   1,029  
1,901-1,950   490   713   843   942   1,036   1,079  
1,951-2,000   501   729   862   963   1,059   1,129  
2,001-2,050   513   746   882   985   1,083   1,177  
2,051-2,100   525   763   901   1,006   1,107   1,203  
2,101-2,150   536   779   920   1,028   1,130   1,229  
2,151-2,200   548   796   939   1,049   1,154   1,255  
2,201-2,250   560   813   959   1,071   1,178   1,280  
2,251-2,300   572   829   978   1,092   1,202   1,306  
2,301-2,350   583   846   997   1,114   1,225   1,332  
2,351-2,400   595   862   1,016   1,135   1,249   1,358  
2,401-2,450   607   879   1,036   1,157   1,273   1,383  
2,451-2,500   618   896   1,055   1,178   1,296   1,409  
2,501-2,550   630   912   1,074   1,200   1,320   1,435  
2,551-2,600   642   929   1,094   1,222   1,344   1,461  
2,601-2,650   653   946   1,113   1,243   1,368   1,487  
2,651-2,700   665   962   1,133   1,265   1,392   1,513  
2,701-2,750   677   979   1,152   1,287   1,415   1,539  
2,751-2,800   688   996   1,171   1,308   1,439   1,565  
2,801-2,850   700   1,012   1,191   1,330   1,463   1,591  
2,851-2,900   712   1,029   1,210   1,352   1,487   1,617  
2,901-2,950   723   1,046   1,230   1,374   1,511   1,642  
2,951-3,000   735   1,062   1,249   1,395   1,535   1,668  
3,001-3,050   746   1,079   1,269   1,417   1,559   1,694  
3,051-3,100   758   1,096   1,288   1,439   1,583   1,720  
3,101-3,150   770   1,112   1,308   1,461   1,607   1,746  
3,151-3,200   781   1,129   1,327   1,482   1,631   1,772  
3,201-3,250   793   1,146   1,346   1,504   1,654   1,798  
3,251-3,300   805   1,162   1,366   1,526   1,678   1,824  
3,301-3,350   816   1,179   1,385   1,547   1,702   1,850  
3,351-3,400   821   1,185   1,390   1,554   1,709   1,857  
3,401-3,450   824   1,190   1,397   1,560   1,716   1,865  
3,451-3,500   828   1,194   1,402   1,566   1,723   1,873  
3,501-3,550   831   1,199   1,408   1,572   1,730   1,880  
3,551-3,600   834   1,204   1,413   1,579   1,737   1,888  
3,601-3,650   842   1,216   1,426   1,593   1,752   1,905  
3,651-3,700   852   1,228   1,441   1,610   1,771   1,925  
3,701-3,750   861   1,242   1,457   1,628   1,790   1,946  
3,751-3,800   869   1,254   1,473   1,644   1,809   1,967  
3,801-3,850   876   1,265   1,485   1,659   1,825   1,983  
3,851-3,900   880   1,270   1,490   1,665   1,831   1,990  
3,901-3,950   883   1,274   1,496   1,671   1,838   1,998  
3,951-4,000   889   1,282   1,505   1,681   1,849   2,010  
4,001-4,050   897   1,295   1,520   1,697   1,867   2,029  
4,051-4,100   906   1,307   1,534   1,714   1,885   2,049  
4,101-4,150   915   1,320   1,549   1,730   1,903   2,069  
4,151-4,200   924   1,331   1,559   1,742   1,916   2,083  
4,201-4,250   929   1,336   1,564   1,747   1,922   2,088  
4,251-4,300   932   1,341   1,568   1,751   1,927   2,095  
4,301-4,350   936   1,345   1,572   1,757   1,932   2,101  
4,351-4,400   939   1,349   1,578   1,762   1,938   2,106  
4,401-4,450   943   1,354   1,582   1,767   1,944   2,112  
4,451-4,500   946   1,358   1,586   1,771   1,949   2,118  
4,501-4,550   951   1,362   1,590   1,776   1,954   2,125  
4,551-4,600   954   1,368   1,595   1,782   1,959   2,130  
4,601-4,650   958   1,372   1,600   1,787   1,966   2,136  
4,651-4,700   961   1,377   1,605   1,792   1,972   2,143  
4,701-4,750   965   1,382   1,610   1,799   1,979   2,151  
4,751-4,800   969   1,387   1,616   1,805   1,985   2,159  
4,801-4,850   973   1,393   1,622   1,812   1,993   2,166  
4,851-4,900   978   1,398   1,628   1,818   2,000   2,175  
4,901-4,950   981   1,403   1,634   1,825   2,007   2,182  
4,951-5,000   985   1,408   1,640   1,831   2,014   2,190  
5,001-5,050   989   1,414   1,645   1,838   2,022   2,198  
5,051-5,100   993   1,420   1,652   1,845   2,029   2,206  
5,101-5,150   996   1,425   1,657   1,851   2,036   2,213  
5,151-5,200   1,000   1,430   1,663   1,857   2,044   2,221  
5,201-5,250   1,005   1,435   1,669   1,864   2,051   2,229  
5,251-5,300   1,009   1,440   1,674   1,871   2,058   2,237  
5,301-5,350   1,012   1,446   1,681   1,877   2,064   2,244  
5,351-5,400   1,016   1,451   1,687   1,883   2,072   2,253  
5,401-5,450   1,020   1,456   1,692   1,891   2,079   2,260  
5,451-5,500   1,024   1,462   1,698   1,897   2,086   2,268  
5,501-5,550   1,028   1,467   1,704   1,903   2,094   2,276  
5,551-5,600   1,032   1,473   1,710   1,909   2,101   2,284  
5,601-5,650   1,036   1,478   1,716   1,917   2,108   2,291  
5,651-5,700   1,040   1,483   1,721   1,923   2,115   2,299  
5,701-5,750   1,044   1,489   1,728   1,930   2,124   2,308  
5,751-5,800   1,049   1,497   1,737   1,940   2,133   2,319  
5,801-5,850   1,055   1,504   1,745   1,949   2,143   2,331  
5,851-5,900   1,060   1,511   1,753   1,958   2,154   2,341  
5,901-5,950   1,065   1,518   1,762   1,968   2,164   2,352  
5,951-6,000   1,070   1,526   1,770   1,977   2,175   2,364  
6,001-6,050   1,075   1,533   1,778   1,986   2,185   2,375  
6,051-6,100   1,081   1,540   1,787   1,996   2,195   2,386  
6,101-6,150   1,085   1,548   1,795   2,005   2,206   2,397  
6,151-6,200   1,090   1,555   1,803   2,014   2,215   2,409  
6,201-6,250   1,095   1,562   1,812   2,024   2,226   2,420  
6,251-6,300   1,100   1,569   1,820   2,033   2,236   2,430  
6,301-6,350   1,106   1,577   1,828   2,043   2,246   2,442  
6,351-6,400   1,111   1,584   1,837   2,052   2,257   2,453  
6,401-6,450   1,116   1,591   1,845   2,061   2,267   2,465  
6,451-6,500   1,121   1,598   1,853   2,071   2,278   2,475  
6,501-6,550   1,126   1,606   1,862   2,080   2,288   2,487  
6,551-6,600   1,132   1,613   1,870   2,089   2,298   2,498  
6,601-6,650   1,137   1,620   1,878   2,099   2,308   2,510  
6,651-6,700   1,142   1,628   1,887   2,108   2,318   2,520  
6,701-6,750   1,147   1,635   1,895   2,117   2,329   2,531  
6,751-6,800   1,152   1,642   1,903   2,127   2,339   2,543  
6,801-6,850   1,157   1,649   1,913   2,136   2,349   2,554  
6,851-6,900   1,162   1,656   1,921   2,146   2,360   2,565  
6,901-6,950   1,167   1,663   1,929   2,155   2,370   2,576  
6,951-7,000   1,172   1,670   1,938   2,164   2,381   2,588  
7,001-7,050   1,177   1,677   1,946   2,173   2,391   2,598  
7,051-7,100   1,182   1,684   1,954   2,182   2,400   2,609  
7,101-7,150   1,187   1,691   1,962   2,191   2,411   2,620  
7,151-7,200   1,192   1,698   1,970   2,200   2,420   2,631  
7,201-7,250   1,197   1,705   1,978   2,209   2,430   2,642  
7,251-7,300   1,202   1,712   1,986   2,218   2,440   2,653  
7,301-7,350   1,207   1,719   1,994   2,227   2,450   2,663  
7,351-7,400   1,212   1,726   2,002   2,236   2,460   2,674  
7,401-7,450   1,216   1,733   2,010   2,245   2,470   2,685  
7,451-7,500   1,221   1,740   2,017   2,253   2,478   2,694  
7,501-7,550   1,225   1,745   2,022   2,259   2,485   2,701  
7,551-7,600   1,228   1,749   2,027   2,264   2,491   2,707  
7,601-7,650   1,232   1,754   2,032   2,270   2,497   2,714  
7,651-7,700   1,236   1,759   2,037   2,276   2,503   2,721  
7,701-7,750   1,239   1,763   2,043   2,282   2,510   2,728  
7,751-7,800   1,242   1,768   2,048   2,287   2,516   2,735  
7,801-7,850   1,245   1,772   2,053   2,293   2,522   2,741  
7,851-7,900   1,249   1,777   2,058   2,298   2,528   2,749  
7,901-7,950   1,252   1,782   2,063   2,305   2,536   2,756  
7,951-8,000   1,255   1,787   2,069   2,311   2,542   2,762  
8,001-8,050   1,258   1,791   2,074   2,316   2,548   2,770  
8,051-8,100   1,263   1,795   2,079   2,322   2,554   2,777  
8,101-8,150   1,266   1,800   2,084   2,328   2,560   2,783  
8,151-8,200   1,269   1,804   2,089   2,334   2,567   2,790  
8,201-8,250   1,272   1,810   2,095   2,339   2,573   2,797  
8,251-8,300   1,276   1,814   2,100   2,345   2,579   2,804  
8,301-3,350   1,279   1,819   2,105   2,350   2,585   2,811  
8,351-8,400   1,282   1,823   2,110   2,357   2,593   2,817  
8,401-8,450   1,285   1,828   2,115   2,362   2,599   2,825  
8,451-8,500   1,289   1,832   2,121   2,368   2,605   2,832  
8,501-8,550   1,293   1,837   2,125   2,374   2,611   2,838  
8,551-8,600   1,296   1,842   2,130   2,380   2,618   2,845  
8,601-8,650   1,299   1,846   2,135   2,386   2,624   2,853  
8,651-8,700   1,302   1,851   2,140   2,391   2,630   2,859  
8,701-8,750   1,306   1,855   2,146   2,397   2,636   2,866  
8,751-8,800   1,309   1,861   2,151   2,402   2,643   2,872  
8,801-8,850   1,312   1,865   2,156   2,409   2,649   2,880  
8,851-8,900   1,316   1,869   2,161   2,414   2,656   2,887  
8,901-8,950   1,319   1,874   2,166   2,420   2,662   2,893  
8,951-9,000   1,323   1,878   2,172   2,425   2,669   2,901  
9,001-9,050   1,326   1,883   2,177   2,432   2,675   2,908  
9,051-9,100   1,329   1,888   2,182   2,438   2,681   2,914  
9,101-9,150   1,332   1,893   2,187   2,443   2,687   2,921  
9,151-9,200   1,336   1,897   2,192   2,449   2,694   2,928  
9,201-9,250   1,340   1,902   2,198   2,454   2,700   2,935  
9,251-9,300   1,343   1,906   2,203   2,461   2,706   2,942  
9,301-9,350   1,346   1,910   2,208   2,466   2,712   2,948  
9,351-9,400   1,349   1,916   2,213   2,472   2,720   2,956  
9,401-9,450   1,353   1,920   2,218   2,477   2,726   2,963  
9,451-9,500   1,356   1,925   2,224   2,484   2,732   2,969  
9,501-9,550   1,359   1,929   2,229   2,490   2,738   2,976  
9,551-9,600   1,361   1,931   2,231   2,492   2,740   2,980  
9,601-9,650   1,362   1,933   2,232   2,493   2,742   2,981  
9,651-9,700   1,364   1,934   2,233   2,494   2,744   2,982  
9,701-9,750   1,366   1,935   2,234   2,495   2,745   2,984  
9,751-9,800   1,367   1,938   2,235   2,497   2,747   2,985  
9,801-9,850   1,368   1,939   2,236   2,498   2,748   2,987  
9,851-9,900   1,370   1,941   2,237   2,499   2,749   2,988  
9,901-9,950   1,371   1,942   2,238   2,500   2,751   2,990  
9,951-10,000   1,372   1,943   2,240   2,502   2,752   2,991  
10,001-10,050   1,374   1,945   2,241   2,503   2,753   2,993  
10,051-10,100   1,375   1,946   2,242   2,504   2,755   2,994  
10,101-10,150   1,376   1,948   2,243   2,505   2,756   2,996  
10,151-10,200   1,378   1,949   2,244   2,506   2,758   2,997  
10,201-10,250   1,379   1,951   2,245   2,508   2,759   2,999  
10,251-10,300   1,380   1,952   2,246   2,510   2,760   3,000  
10,301-10,350   1,382   1,953   2,247   2,511   2,762   3,002  
10,351-10,400   1,383   1,955   2,248   2,512   2,763   3,004  
10,401-10,450   1,384   1,956   2,251   2,514   2,764   3,006  
10,451-10,500   1,386   1,958   2,252   2,515   2,766   3,007  
10,501-10,550   1,387   1,959   2,253   2,516   2,767   3,009  
10,551-10,600   1,388   1,960   2,254   2,517   2,768   3,010  
10,601-10,650   1,390   1,962   2,255   2,519   2,771   3,011  
10,651-10,700   1,392   1,964   2,256   2,520   2,772   3,013  
10,701-10,750   1,393   1,966   2,257   2,521   2,773   3,014  
10,751-10,800   1,395   1,967   2,258   2,522   2,775   3,016  
10,801-10,850   1,396   1,968   2,259   2,524   2,776   3,017  
10,851-10,900   1,397   1,970   2,260   2,525   2,778   3,019  
10,901-10,950   1,399   1,971   2,262   2,526   2,779   3,020  
10,951-11,000   1,400   1,973   2,263   2,527   2,780   3,022  
11,001-11,050   1,401   1,974   2,264   2,528   2,782   3,023  
11,051-11,100   1,402   1,976   2,265   2,530   2,783   3,025  
11,101-11,150   1,404   1,977   2,266   2,531   2,784   3,026  
11,151-11,200   1,405   1,978   2,267   2,532   2,786   3,028  
11,201-11,250   1,406   1,980   2,268   2,533   2,787   3,030  
11,251-11,300   1,408   1,981   2,269   2,536   2,788   3,032  
11,301-11,350   1,409   1,983   2,270   2,537   2,790   3,033  
11,351-11,400   1,410   1,984   2,271   2,538   2,791   3,035  
11,401-11,450   1,412   1,985   2,273   2,539   2,792   3,036  
11,451-11,500   1,413   1,987   2,274   2,541   2,794   3,038  
11,501-11,550   1,414   1,988   2,276   2,542   2,796   3,039  
11,551-11,600   1,416   1,991   2,277   2,543   2,797   3,040  
11,601-11,650   1,418   1,992   2,278   2,544   2,799   3,042  
11,651-11,700   1,420   1,995   2,281   2,547   2,802   3,046  
11,701-11,750   1,425   2,001   2,288   2,556   2,811   3,057  
11,751-11,800   1,429   2,007   2,295   2,565   2,820   3,066  
11,801-11,850   1,434   2,014   2,304   2,573   2,830   3,076  
11,851-11,900   1,438   2,021   2,311   2,581   2,839   3,087  
11,901-11,950   1,442   2,027   2,318   2,590   2,849   3,097  
11,951-12,000   1,448   2,034   2,326   2,598   2,858   3,106  
12,001-12,050   1,452   2,040   2,334   2,607   2,867   3,117  
12,051-12,100   1,457   2,047   2,341   2,616   2,877   3,127  
12,101-12,150   1,461   2,054   2,349   2,624   2,886   3,138  
12,151-12,200   1,466   2,060   2,357   2,632   2,895   3,147  
12,201-12,250   1,471   2,066   2,364   2,641   2,905   3,157  
12,251-12,300   1,475   2,073   2,371   2,649   2,914   3,168  
12,301-12,350   1,480   2,080   2,380   2,657   2,923   3,178  
12,351-12,400   1,484   2,086   2,387   2,667   2,933   3,188  
12,401-12,450   1,489   2,092   2,394   2,675   2,942   3,198  
12,451-12,500   1,493   2,100   2,402   2,683   2,952   3,208  
12,501-12,550   1,494   2,102   2,407   2,689   2,957   3,215  
12,551-12,600   1,496   2,104   2,408   2,690   2,959   3,216  
12,601-12,650   1,497   2,105   2,409   2,691   2,960   3,218  
12,651-12,700   1,498   2,106   2,410   2,692   2,962   3,219  
12,701-12,750   1,500   2,108   2,411   2,694   2,963   3,221  
12,751-12,800   1,501   2,109   2,412   2,695   2,964   3,222  
12,801-12,850   1,502   2,111   2,414   2,696   2,966   3,224  
12,851-12,900   1,505   2,114   2,417   2,700   2,970   3,229  
12,901-12,950   1,509   2,121   2,425   2,708   2,979   3,239  
12,951-13,000   1,514   2,127   2,432   2,717   2,988   3,248  
13,001-13,050   1,518   2,133   2,439   2,725   2,997   3,258  
13,051-13,100   1,523   2,139   2,447   2,733   3,006   3,268  
13,101-13,150   1,527   2,146   2,454   2,741   3,015   3,278  
13,151-13,200   1,532   2,152   2,461   2,749   3,024   3,287  
13,201-13,250   1,536   2,158   2,469   2,757   3,033   3,297  
13,251-13,300   1,541   2,165   2,476   2,766   3,042   3,307  
13,301-13,350   1,545   2,171   2,483   2,774   3,051   3,317  
13,351-13,400   1,549   2,177   2,491   2,782   3,060   3,326  
13,401-13,450   1,554   2,184   2,498   2,790   3,069   3,336  
13,451-13,500   1,558   2,190   2,505   2,798   3,078   3,346  
13,501-13,550   1,563   2,196   2,512   2,806   3,087   3,356  
13,551-13,600   1,567   2,202   2,520   2,815   3,096   3,365  
13,601-13,650   1,572   2,209   2,527   2,823   3,105   3,375  
13,651-13,700   1,576   2,215   2,534   2,831   3,114   3,385  
13,701-13,750   1,580   2,221   2,542   2,839   3,123   3,395  
13,751-13,800   1,585   2,228   2,549   2,847   3,132   3,404  
13,801-13,850   1,589   2,234   2,556   2,855   3,141   3,414  
13,851-13,900   1,594   2,240   2,564   2,863   3,150   3,424  
13,901-13,950   1,598   2,247   2,571   2,872   3,159   3,434  
13,951-14,000   1,603   2,253   2,578   2,880   3,168   3,443  
14,001-14,050   1,607   2,259   2,585   2,888   3,177   3,453  
14,051-14,100   1,611   2,265   2,593   2,896   3,186   3,463  
14,101-14,150   1,616   2,272   2,600   2,904   3,195   3,473  
14,151-14,200   1,620   2,278   2,607   2,912   3,204   3,482  
14,201-14,250   1,625   2,284   2,615   2,921   3,213   3,492  
14,251-14,300   1,629   2,291   2,622   2,929   3,222   3,502  
14,301-14,350   1,634   2,297   2,629   2,937   3,231   3,512  
14,351-14,400   1,638   2,303   2,637   2,945   3,240   3,521  
14,401-14,450   1,642   2,310   2,644   2,953   3,249   3,531  
14,451-14,500   1,647   2,316   2,651   2,961   3,258   3,541  
14,501-14,550   1,651   2,322   2,658   2,970   3,266   3,551  
14,551-14,600   1,656   2,328   2,666   2,978   3,275   3,560  
14,601-14,650   1,660   2,335   2,673   2,986   3,284   3,570  
14,651-14,700   1,665   2,341   2,680   2,994   3,293   3,580  
14,701-14,750   1,669   2,347   2,688   3,002   3,302   3,590  
14,751-14,800   1,674   2,354   2,695   3,010   3,311   3,599  
14,801-14,850   1,678   2,360   2,702   3,018   3,320   3,609  
14,851-14,900   1,682   2,366   2,710   3,027   3,329   3,619  
14,901-14,950   1,687   2,373   2,717   3,035   3,338   3,629  
14,951-15,000   1,691   2,379   2,724   3,043   3,347   3,638  
15,001-15,050   1,696   2,385   2,732   3,051   3,356   3,648  
15,051-15,100   1,700   2,391   2,739   3,059   3,365   3,658  
15,101-15,150   1,705   2,398   2,746   3,067   3,374   3,668  
15,151-15,200   1,709   2,404   2,753   3,076   3,383   3,677  
15,201-15,250   1,713   2,410   2,761   3,084   3,392   3,687  
15,251-15,300   1,718   2,417   2,768   3,092   3,401   3,697  
15,301-15,350   1,722   2,423   2,775   3,100   3,410   3,707  
15,351-15,400   1,727   2,429   2,783   3,108   3,419   3,716  
15,401-15,450   1,731   2,436   2,790   3,116   3,428   3,726  
15,451-15,500   1,736   2,442   2,797   3,125   3,437   3,736  
15,501-15,550   1,740   2,448   2,805   3,133   3,446   3,746  
15,551-15,600   1,744   2,454   2,812   3,141   3,455   3,756  
15,601-15,650   1,749   2,461   2,819   3,149   3,464   3,765  
15,651-15,700   1,753   2,467   2,826   3,157   3,473   3,775  
15,701-15,750   1,758   2,473   2,834   3,165   3,482   3,785  
15,751-15,800   1,762   2,480   2,841   3,173   3,491   3,795  
15,801-15,850   1,767   2,486   2,848   3,182   3,500   3,804  
15,851-15,900   1,771   2,492   2,856   3,190   3,509   3,814  
15,901-15,950   1,776   2,498   2,863   3,198   3,518   3,824  
15,951-16,000   1,780   2,505   2,870   3,206   3,527   3,834  
16,001-16,050   1,784   2,511   2,878   3,214   3,536   3,843  
16,051-16,100   1,789   2,517   2,885   3,222   3,545   3,853  
16,101-16,150   1,793   2,524   2,892   3,231   3,554   3,863  
16,151-16,200   1,798   2,530   2,899   3,239   3,563   3,873  
16,201-16,250   1,802   2,536   2,907   3,247   3,572   3,882  
16,251-16,300   1,807   2,543   2,914   3,255   3,581   3,892  
16,301-16,350   1,811   2,549   2,921   3,263   3,590   3,902  
16,351-16,400   1,815   2,555   2,929   3,271   3,598   3,912  
16,401-16,450   1,820   2,561   2,936   3,280   3,607   3,921  
16,451-16,500   1,824   2,568   2,943   3,288   3,616   3,931  
16,501-16,550   1,829   2,574   2,951   3,296   3,625   3,941  
16,551-16,600   1,833   2,580   2,958   3,304   3,634   3,951  
16,601-16,650   1,838   2,587   2,965   3,312   3,643   3,960  
16,651-16,700   1,842   2,593   2,973   3,320   3,652   3,970  
16,701-16,750   1,846   2,599   2,980   3,328   3,661   3,980  
16,751-16,800   1,851   2,606   2,987   3,337   3,670   3,990  
16,801-16,850   1,855   2,612   2,994   3,345   3,679   3,999  
16,851-16,900   1,860   2,618   3,002   3,353   3,688   4,009  
16,901-16,950   1,864   2,624   3,009   3,361   3,697   4,019  
16,951-17,000   1,869   2,631   3,016   3,369   3,706   4,029  
17,001-17,050   1,873   2,637   3,024   3,377   3,715   4,038  
17,051-17,100   1,878   2,643   3,031   3,386   3,724   4,048  
17,101-17,150   1,882   2,650   3,038   3,394   3,733   4,058  
17,151-17,200   1,886   2,656   3,046   3,402   3,742   4,068  
17,201-17,250   1,891   2,662   3,053   3,410   3,751   4,077  
17,251-17,300   1,895   2,669   3,060   3,418   3,760   4,087  
17,301-17,350   1,900   2,675   3,067   3,426   3,769   4,097  
17,351-17,400   1,904   2,681   3,075   3,435   3,778   4,107  
17,401-17,450   1,909   2,687   3,082   3,443   3,787   4,116  
17,451-17,500   1,913   2,694   3,089   3,451   3,796   4,126  
17,501-17,550   1,917   2,700   3,097   3,459   3,805   4,136  
17,551-17,600   1,922   2,706   3,104   3,467   3,814   4,146  
17,601-17,650   1,926   2,713   3,111   3,475   3,823   4,155  
17,651-17,700   1,931   2,719   3,119   3,483   3,832   4,165  
17,701-17,750   1,935   2,725   3,126   3,492   3,841   4,175  
17,751-17,800   1,940   2,732   3,133   3,500   3,850   4,185  
17,801-17,850   1,944   2,738   3,140   3,508   3,859   4,194  
17,851-17,900   1,948   2,744   3,148   3,516   3,868   4,204  
17,901-17,950   1,953   2,750   3,155   3,524   3,877   4,214  
17,951-18,000   1,957   2,757   3,162   3,532   3,886   4,224  
18,001-18,050   1,962   2,763   3,170   3,541   3,895   4,233  
18,051-18,100   1,966   2,769   3,177   3,549   3,904   4,243  
18,101-18,150   1,971   2,776   3,184   3,557   3,913   4,253  
18,151-18,200   1,975   2,782   3,192   3,565   3,922   4,263  
18,201-18,250   1,979   2,788   3,199   3,573   3,931   4,272  
18,251-18,300   1,984   2,795   3,206   3,581   3,939   4,282  
18,301-18,350   1,988   2,801   3,214   3,590   3,948   4,292  
18,351-18,400   1,993   2,807   3,221   3,598   3,957   4,302  
18,401-18,450   1,997   2,813   3,228   3,606   3,966   4,311  
18,451-18,500   2,002   2,820   3,235   3,614   3,975   4,321  
18,501-18,550   2,006   2,826   3,243   3,622   3,984   4,331  
18,551-18,600   2,011   2,832   3,250   3,630   3,993   4,341  
18,601-18,650   2,015   2,839   3,257   3,638   4,002   4,350  
18,651-18,700   2,019   2,845   3,265   3,647   4,011   4,360  
18,701-18,750   2,024   2,851   3,272   3,655   4,020   4,370  
18,751-18,800   2,028   2,858   3,279   3,663   4,029   4,380  
18,801-18,850   2,033   2,864   3,287   3,671   4,038   4,390  
18,851-18,900   2,037   2,870   3,294   3,679   4,047   4,399  
18,901-18,950   2,042   2,876   3,301   3,687   4,056   4,409  
18,951-19,000   2,046   2,883   3,308   3,696   4,065   4,419  
19,001-19,050   2,050   2,889   3,316   3,704   4,074   4,429  
19,051-19,100   2,055   2,895   3,323   3,712   4,083   4,438  
19,101-19,150   2,059   2,902   3,330   3,720   4,092   4,448  
19,151-19,200   2,064   2,908   3,338   3,728   4,101   4,458  
19,201-19,250   2,068   2,914   3,345   3,736   4,110   4,468  
19,251-19,300   2,073   2,920   3,352   3,744   4,119   4,477  
19,301-19,350   2,077   2,927   3,360   3,753   4,128   4,487  
19,351-19,400   2,081   2,933   3,367   3,761   4,137   4,497  
19,401-19,450   2,086   2,939   3,374   3,769   4,146   4,507  
19,451-19,500   2,090   2,946   3,381   3,777   4,155   4,516  
19,501-19,550   2,095   2,952   3,389   3,785   4,164   4,526  
19,551-19,600   2,099   2,958   3,396   3,793   4,173   4,536  
19,601-19,650   2,104   2,965   3,403   3,802   4,182   4,546  
19,651-19,700   2,108   2,971   3,411   3,810   4,191   4,555  
19,701-19,750   2,113   2,977   3,418   3,818   4,200   4,565  
19,751-19,800   2,117   2,983   3,425   3,826   4,209   4,575  
19,801-19,850   2,121   2,990   3,433   3,834   4,218   4,585  
19,851-19,900   2,126   2,996   3,440   3,842   4,227   4,594  
19,901-19,950   2,130   3,002   3,447   3,851   4,236   4,604  
19,951-20,000   2,135   3,009   3,455   3,859   4,245   4,614  
20,001-20,050   2,139   3,015   3,462   3,867   4,254   4,624  
20,051-20,100   2,144   3,021   3,469   3,875   4,263   4,633  
20,101-20,150   2,148   3,028   3,476   3,883   4,271   4,643  
20,151-20,200   2,152   3,034   3,484   3,891   4,280   4,653  
20,201-20,250   2,157   3,040   3,491   3,899   4,289   4,663  
20,251-20,300   2,161   3,046   3,498   3,908   4,298   4,672  
20,301-20,350   2,166   3,053   3,506   3,916   4,307   4,682  
20,351-20,400   2,170   3,059   3,513   3,924   4,316   4,692  
20,401-20,450   2,175   3,065   3,520   3,932   4,325   4,702  
20,451-20,500   2,179   3,072   3,528   3,940   4,334   4,711  
20,501-20,550   2,183   3,078   3,535   3,948   4,343   4,721  
20,551-20,600   2,188   3,084   3,542   3,957   4,352   4,731  
20,601-20,650   2,192   3,091   3,549   3,965   4,361   4,741  
20,651-20,700   2,197   3,097   3,557   3,973   4,370   4,750  
20,701-20,750   2,201   3,103   3,564   3,981   4,379   4,760  
20,751-20,800   2,206   3,109   3,571   3,989   4,388   4,770  
20,801-20,850   2,210   3,116   3,579   3,997   4,397   4,780  
20,851-20,900   2,215   3,122   3,586   4,006   4,406   4,789  
20,901-20,950   2,219   3,128   3,593   4,014   4,415   4,799  
20,951-21,000   2,223   3,135   3,601   4,022   4,424   4,809  
21,001-21,050   2,228   3,141   3,608   4,030   4,433   4,819  
21,051-21,100   2,232   3,147   3,615   4,038   4,442   4,828  
21,101-21,150   2,237   3,154   3,622   4,046   4,451   4,838  
21,151-21,200   2,241   3,160   3,630   4,054   4,460   4,848  
21,201-21,250   2,246   3,166   3,637   4,063   4,469   4,858  
21,251-21,300   2,250   3,172   3,644   4,071   4,478   4,867  
21,301-21,350   2,254   3,179   3,652   4,079   4,487   4,877  
21,351-21,400   2,259   3,185   3,659   4,087   4,496   4,887  
21,401-21,450   2,263   3,191   3,666   4,095   4,505   4,897  
21,451-21,500   2,268   3,198   3,674   4,103   4,514   4,906  
21,501-21,550   2,272   3,204   3,681   4,112   4,523   4,916  
21,551-21,600   2,277   3,210   3,688   4,120   4,532   4,926  
21,601-21,650   2,281   3,217   3,696   4,128   4,541   4,936  
21,651-21,700   2,285   3,223   3,703   4,136   4,550   4,945  
21,701-21,750   2,290   3,229   3,710   4,144   4,559   4,955  
21,751-21,800   2,294   3,235   3,717   4,152   4,568   4,965  
21,801-21,850   2,299   3,242   3,725   4,161   4,577   4,975  
21,851-21,900   2,303   3,248   3,732   4,169   4,586   4,984  
21,901-21,950   2,308   3,254   3,739   4,177   4,595   4,994  
21,951-22,000   2,312   3,261   3,747   4,185   4,603   5,004  
22,001-22,050   2,317   3,267   3,754   4,193   4,612   5,014  
22,051-22,100   2,321   3,273   3,761   4,201   4,621   5,024  
22,101-22,150   2,325   3,280   3,769   4,209   4,630   5,033  
22,151-22,200   2,330   3,286   3,776   4,218   4,639   5,043  
22,201-22,250   2,334   3,292   3,783   4,226   4,648   5,053  
22,251-22,300   2,339   3,298   3,790   4,234   4,657   5,063  
22,301-22,350   2,343   3,305   3,798   4,242   4,666   5,072  
22,351-22,400   2,348   3,311   3,805   4,250   4,675   5,082  
22,401-22,450   2,352   3,317   3,812   4,258   4,684   5,092  
22,451-22,500   2,356   3,324   3,820   4,267   4,693   5,102  
22,501-22,550   2,361   3,330   3,827   4,275   4,702   5,111  
22,551-22,600   2,365   3,336   3,834   4,283   4,711   5,121  
22,601-22,650   2,370   3,342   3,842   4,291   4,720   5,131  
22,651-22,700   2,374   3,349   3,849   4,299   4,729   5,141  
22,701-22,750   2,379   3,355   3,856   4,307   4,738   5,150  
22,751-22,800   2,383   3,361   3,863   4,316   4,747   5,160  
22,801-22,850   2,387   3,368   3,871   4,324   4,756   5,170  
22,851-22,900   2,392   3,374   3,878   4,332   4,765   5,180  
22,901-22,950   2,396   3,380   3,885   4,340   4,774   5,189  
22,951-23,000   2,401   3,387   3,893   4,348   4,783   5,199  
23,001-23,050   2,405   3,393   3,900   4,356   4,792   5,209  
23,051-23,100   2,410   3,399   3,907   4,364   4,801   5,219  
23,101-23,150   2,414   3,405   3,915   4,373   4,810   5,228  
23,151-23,200   2,418   3,412   3,922   4,381   4,819   5,238  
23,201-23,250   2,423   3,418   3,929   4,389   4,828   5,248  
23,251-23,300   2,427   3,424   3,937   4,397   4,837   5,258  
23,301-23,350   2,432   3,431   3,944   4,405   4,846   5,267  
23,351-23,400   2,436   3,437   3,951   4,413   4,855   5,277  
23,401-23,450   2,441   3,443   3,958   4,422   4,864   5,287  
23,451-23,500   2,445   3,450   3,966   4,430   4,873   5,297  
23,501-23,550   2,450   3,456   3,973   4,438   4,882   5,306  
23,551-23,600   2,454   3,462   3,980   4,446   4,891   5,316  
23,601-23,650   2,458   3,468   3,988   4,454   4,900   5,326  
23,651-23,700   2,463   3,475   3,995   4,462   4,909   5,336  
23,701-23,750   2,467   3,481   4,002   4,471   4,918   5,345  
23,751-23,800   2,472   3,487   4,010   4,479   4,927   5,355  
23,801-23,850   2,476   3,494   4,017   4,487   4,936   5,365  
23,851-23,900   2,481   3,500   4,024   4,495   4,944   5,375  
23,901-23,950   2,485   3,506   4,031   4,503   4,953   5,384  
23,951-24,000   2,489   3,513   4,039   4,511   4,962   5,394  
24,001-24,050   2,494   3,519   4,046   4,519   4,971   5,404  
24,051-24,100   2,498   3,525   4,053   4,528   4,980   5,414  
24,101-24,150   2,503   3,531   4,061   4,536   4,989   5,423  
24,151-24,200   2,507   3,538   4,068   4,544   4,998   5,433  
24,201-24,250   2,512   3,544   4,075   4,552   5,007   5,443  
24,251-24,300   2,516   3,550   4,083   4,560   5,016   5,453  
24,301-24,350   2,520   3,557   4,090   4,568   5,025   5,462  
24,351-24,400   2,525   3,563   4,097   4,577   5,034   5,472  
24,401-24,450   2,529   3,569   4,104   4,585   5,043   5,482  
24,451-24,500   2,534   3,576   4,112   4,593   5,052   5,492  
24,501-24,550   2,538   3,582   4,119   4,601   5,061   5,501  
24,551-24,600   2,543   3,588   4,126   4,609   5,070   5,511  
24,601-24,650   2,547   3,594   4,134   4,617   5,079   5,521  
24,651-24,700   2,552   3,601   4,141   4,626   5,088   5,531  
24,701-24,750   2,556   3,607   4,148   4,634   5,097   5,540  
24,751-24,800   2,560   3,613   4,156   4,642   5,106   5,550  
24,801-24,850   2,565   3,620   4,163   4,650   5,115   5,560  
24,851-24,900   2,569   3,626   4,170   4,658   5,124   5,570  
24,901-24,950   2,574   3,632   4,178   4,666   5,133   5,579  
24,951-25,000   2,578   3,639   4,185   4,674   5,142   5,589  
25,001-25,050   2,583   3,645   4,192   4,683   5,151   5,599  
25,051-25,100   2,587   3,651   4,199   4,691   5,160   5,609  
25,101-25,150   2,591   3,657   4,207   4,699   5,169   5,618  
25,151-25,200   2,596   3,664   4,214   4,707   5,178   5,628  
25,201-25,250   2,600   3,670   4,221   4,715   5,187   5,638  
25,251-25,300   2,605   3,676   4,229   4,723   5,196   5,648  
25,301-25,350   2,609   3,683   4,236   4,732   5,205   5,658  
25,351-25,400   2,614   3,689   4,243   4,740   5,214   5,667  
25,401-25,450   2,618   3,695   4,251   4,748   5,223   5,677  
25,451-25,500   2,622   3,702   4,258   4,756   5,232   5,687  
25,501-25,550   2,627   3,708   4,265   4,764   5,241   5,697  
25,551-25,600   2,631   3,714   4,272   4,772   5,250   5,706  
25,601-25,650   2,636   3,720   4,280   4,780   5,259   5,716  
25,651-25,700   2,640   3,727   4,287   4,789   5,268   5,726  
25,701-25,750   2,645   3,733   4,294   4,797   5,276   5,736  
25,751-25,800   2,649   3,739   4,302   4,805   5,285   5,745  
25,801-25,850   2,654   3,746   4,309   4,813   5,294   5,755  
25,851-25,900   2,658   3,752   4,316   4,821   5,303   5,765  
25,901-25,950   2,662   3,758   4,324   4,829   5,312   5,775  
25,951-26,000   2,667   3,764   4,331   4,838   5,321   5,784  
26,001-26,050   2,671   3,771   4,338   4,846   5,330   5,794  
26,051-26,100   2,676   3,777   4,345   4,854   5,339   5,804  
26,101-26,150   2,680   3,783   4,353   4,862   5,348   5,814  
26,151-26,200   2,685   3,790   4,360   4,870   5,357   5,823  
26,201-26,250   2,689   3,796   4,367   4,878   5,366   5,833  
26,251-26,300   2,693   3,802   4,375   4,887   5,375   5,843  
26,301-26,350   2,698   3,809   4,382   4,895   5,384   5,853  
26,351-26,400   2,702   3,815   4,389   4,903   5,393   5,862  
26,401-26,450   2,707   3,821   4,397   4,911   5,402   5,872  
26,451-26,500   2,711   3,827   4,404   4,919   5,411   5,882  
26,501-26,550   2,716   3,834   4,411   4,927   5,420   5,892  
26,551-26,600   2,720   3,840   4,419   4,935   5,429   5,901  
26,601-26,650   2,724   3,846   4,426   4,944   5,438   5,911  
26,651-26,700   2,729   3,853   4,433   4,952   5,447   5,921  
26,701-26,750   2,733   3,859   4,440   4,960   5,456   5,931  
26,751-26,800   2,738   3,865   4,448   4,968   5,465   5,940  
26,801-26,850   2,742   3,872   4,455   4,976   5,474   5,950  
26,851-26,900   2,747   3,878   4,462   4,984   5,483   5,960  
26,901-26,950   2,751   3,884   4,470   4,993   5,492   5,970  
26,951-27,000   2,756   3,890   4,477   5,001   5,501   5,979  
27,001-27,050   2,760   3,897   4,484   5,009   5,510   5,989  
27,051-27,100   2,764   3,903   4,492   5,017   5,519   5,999  
27,101-27,150   2,769   3,909   4,499   5,025   5,528   6,009  
27,151-27,200   2,773   3,916   4,506   5,033   5,537   6,018  
27,201-27,250   2,778   3,922   4,513   5,042   5,546   6,028  
27,251-27,300   2,782   3,928   4,521   5,050   5,555   6,038  
27,301-27,350   2,787   3,935   4,528   5,058   5,564   6,048  
27,351-27,400   2,791   3,941   4,535   5,066   5,573   6,057  
27,401-27,450   2,795   3,947   4,543   5,074   5,582   6,067  
27,451-27,500   2,800   3,953   4,550   5,082   5,591   6,077  
27,501-27,550   2,804   3,960   4,557   5,090   5,600   6,087  
27,551-27,600   2,809   3,966   4,565   5,099   5,608   6,096  
27,601-27,650   2,813   3,972   4,572   5,107   5,617   6,106  
27,651-27,700   2,818   3,979   4,579   5,115   5,626   6,116  
27,701-27,750   2,822   3,985   4,586   5,123   5,635   6,126  
27,751-27,800   2,826   3,991   4,594   5,131   5,644   6,135  
27,801-27,850   2,831   3,998   4,601   5,139   5,653   6,145  
27,851-27,900   2,835   4,004   4,608   5,148   5,662   6,155  
27,901-27,950   2,840   4,010   4,616   5,156   5,671   6,165  
27,951-28,000   2,844   4,016   4,623   5,164   5,680   6,174  
28,001-28,050   2,849   4,023   4,630   5,172   5,689   6,184  
28,051-28,100   2,853   4,029   4,638   5,180   5,698   6,194  
28,101-28,150   2,857   4,035   4,645   5,188   5,707   6,204  
28,151-28,200   2,862   4,042   4,652   5,197   5,716   6,213  
28,201-28,250   2,866   4,048   4,660   5,205   5,725   6,223  
28,251-28,300   2,871   4,054   4,667   5,213   5,734   6,233  
28,301-28,350   2,875   4,061   4,674   5,221   5,743   6,243  
28,351-28,400   2,880   4,067   4,681   5,229   5,752   6,253  
28,401-28,450   2,884   4,073   4,689   5,237   5,761   6,262  
28,451-28,500   2,889   4,079   4,696   5,245   5,770   6,272  
28,501-28,550   2,893   4,086   4,703   5,254   5,779   6,282  
28,551-28,600   2,897   4,092   4,711   5,262   5,788   6,292  
28,601-28,650   2,902   4,098   4,718   5,270   5,797   6,301  
28,651-28,700   2,906   4,105   4,725   5,278   5,806   6,311  
28,701-28,750   2,911   4,111   4,733   5,286   5,815   6,321  
28,751-28,800   2,915   4,117   4,740   5,294   5,824   6,331  
28,801-28,850   2,920   4,124   4,747   5,303   5,833   6,340  
28,851-28,900   2,924   4,130   4,754   5,311   5,842   6,350  
28,901-28,950   2,928   4,136   4,762   5,319   5,851   6,360  
28,951-29,000   2,933   4,142   4,769   5,327   5,860   6,370  
29,001-29,050   2,937   4,149   4,776   5,335   5,869   6,379  
29,051-29,100   2,942   4,155   4,784   5,343   5,878   6,389  
29,101-29,150   2,946   4,161   4,791   5,352   5,887   6,399  
29,151-29,200   2,951   4,168   4,798   5,360   5,896   6,409  
29,201-29,250   2,955   4,174   4,806   5,368   5,905   6,418  
29,251-29,300   2,959   4,180   4,813   5,376   5,914   6,428  
29,301-29,350   2,964   4,186   4,820   5,384   5,923   6,438  
29,351-29,400   2,968   4,193   4,827   5,392   5,932   6,448  
29,401-29,450   2,973   4,199   4,835   5,400   5.941   6,457  
29,451-29,500   2,977   4,205   4,842   5,409   5,949   6,467  
29,501-29,550   2,982   4,212   4,849   5,417   5,958   6,477  
29,551-29,600   2,986   4,218   4,857   5,425   5,967   6,487  
29,601-29,650   2,991   4,224   4,864   5,433   5,976   6,496  
29,651-29,700   2,995   4,231   4,871   5,441   5,985   6,506  
29,701-29,750   2,999   4,237   4,879   5,449   5,994   6,516  
29,751-29,800   3,004   4,243   4,886   5,458   6,003   6,526  
29,801-29,850   3,008   4,249   4,893   5,466   6,012   6,535  
29,851-29,900   3,013   4,256   4,901   5,474   6,021   6,545  
29,901-29,950   3,017   4,262   4,908   5,482   6,030   6,555  
29,951-30,000   3,022   4,268   4,915   5,490   6,039   6,565  

     The share of the custodial parent is presumed to be spent directly for the benefit of the child.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 2; SL 1997, ch 154, § 1; SL 2001, ch 133, § 1; SL 2009, ch 130, § 1; SL 2017, ch 111, § 1.


     25-7-6.3.   Determination of parents' monthly net income--Sources of income. The monthly net income of each parent shall be determined by the parent's gross income less allowable deductions, as set forth in this chapter. The monthly gross income of each parent includes amounts received from the following sources:
             (1)      Compensation paid to an employee for personal services, whether salary, wages, commissions, bonus, or otherwise designated;
             (2)      Self-employment income including gain, profit, or loss from a business, farm, or profession;
             (3)      Periodic payments from pensions or retirement programs, including social security or veteran's benefits, disability payments, or insurance contracts;
             (4)      Interest, dividends, rentals, royalties, or other gain derived from investment of capital assets;
             (5)      Gain or loss from the sale, trade, or conversion of capital assets;
             (6)      Reemployment assistance or unemployment insurance benefits;
             (7)      Worker's compensation benefits; and
             (8)      Benefits in lieu of compensation including military pay allowances.
     Overtime wages, commissions, and bonuses may be excluded if the compensation is not a regular and recurring source of income for the parent. Income derived from seasonal employment shall be annualized to determine a monthly average income.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 3; SL 2001, ch 133, § 5; SL 2009, ch 130, § 2; SL 2019, ch 216, § 29.


     25-7-6.4.   Rebuttable presumption of employment at minimum wage. Except in cases of physical or mental disability, it is presumed for the purposes of determination of child support that a parent is capable of being employed a minimum of one thousand eight hundred twenty hours per year, including while incarcerated, and the parent's child support obligation shall be calculated at a rate not less than one thousand eight hundred twenty hours at the state minimum wage. Evidence to rebut this presumption may be presented by either parent.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 4; SL 2009, ch 130, § 3; SL 2017, ch 111, § 2.


     25-7-6.5.   Assets considered when income insufficient. If a child's needs are not being met through the income of the parents, assets shall be considered. If the parents have savings, life insurance, or other assets in amounts unrelated to income, these holdings shall be considered. The parents' ability to borrow may be used to determine financial ability.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 5.


     25-7-6.6.   Profits or losses shown on federal income tax schedules as gross income--Court allowance of deduction. Gross income from a business, profession, farming, rentals, royalties, estates, trusts, or other sources, are the net profits or gain, or net losses shown on any or all schedules filed as part of the parents' federal income tax returns or as part of any federal income tax returns for any business with which he is associated, except that the court may allow or disallow deductions for federal income taxation purposes which do not require the expenditure of cash, including, but not limited to, depreciation or depletion allowances, and may further consider the extent to which household expenses, automobile expenses, and related items are deductible or partially deductible for income tax purposes. In the event a court disallows depreciation, it may consider necessary capital expenditures which enhance the parent's current income for child support purposes.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 6.


     25-7-6.7.   Allowable deductions from monthly gross income. Deductions from monthly gross income shall be allowed as follows:
             (1)      Income taxes payable based on the applicable tax rate for a single taxpayer with one withholding allowance and a monthly payroll period rather than the actual tax rate;
             (2)      Social security and medicare taxes based on the applicable tax rate for an employee or a self-employed taxpayer;
             (3)      Contributions to an IRS qualified retirement plan not exceeding ten percent of gross income;
             (4)      Actual business expenses of an employee, incurred for the benefit of his employer, not reimbursed;
             (5)      Payments made on other support and maintenance orders.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 7; SL 1997, ch 154, § 4; SL 2001, ch 133, § 3; SL 2005, ch 134, § 2.


     25-7-6.8.   Repealed by SL 2018, ch 160, § 1.


     25-7-6.9.   Income above the schedule--Child support adjusted to appropriate level. For a combined net income above the schedule in § 25-7-6.2, the child support obligation shall be established at an appropriate level, taking into account the actual needs and standard of living of the child.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 9.


     25-7-6.10.   Factors considered for deviation from schedule. Deviation from the schedule in § 25-7-6.2 shall be considered if raised by either party and made only upon the entry of specific findings based upon any of the following factors:
             (1)      The income of a subsequent spouse or contribution of a third party to the income or expenses of that parent but only if the application of the schedule works a financial hardship on either parent;
             (2)      Any financial condition of either parent which would make application of the schedule inequitable. If the total amount of the child support obligation, including any adjustments for health insurance and child care costs, exceeds fifty percent of the obligor's monthly net income, it is presumed that the amount of the obligation imposes a financial hardship on the obligor. This presumption may be rebutted based upon other factors set forth in this section;
             (3)      Any necessary education or health care special needs of the child;
             (4)      The effect of agreements between the parents regarding extra forms of support for the direct benefit of the child;
             (5)      The obligation of either parent to provide for subsequent natural children, adopted children, or stepchildren. However, an existing support order may not be modified solely for this reason; or
             (6)      The voluntary and unreasonable act of a parent which causes the parent to be unemployed or underemployed, unless the reduction of income is due to incarceration.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 10; SL 1997, ch 154, § 3; SL 2001, ch 133, § 7; SL 2005, ch 134, § 10; SL 2007, ch 158, § 1; SL 2009, ch 130, § 4.


     25-7-6.11.   Periodic adjustments in support. The court setting the support shall have the authority to require periodic adjustments in the support.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 11.


     25-7-6.12.   Review and amendment of schedule. The Governor shall, commencing in the year 2000, establish quadrennially a commission on child support. The commission shall review the provisions of this chapter, shall report its findings to the Governor and the Legislature, and may propose amendment thereof to the Legislature.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 12; SL 1997, ch 154, § 5.


     25-7-6.13.   Modification of prior orders of support. All orders for support entered and in effect prior to July 1, 2017, may be modified in accordance with this chapter without requiring a showing of a change in circumstances from the entry of the order.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 13; SL 1997, ch 154, § 6; SL 2001, ch 133, § 8; SL 2005, ch 134, § 4; SL 2009, ch 130, § 5; SL 2017, ch 111, § 3.


     25-7-6.14.   Abatement of portion of child support--Modification. If the child resides with the obligor ten or more nights in a month pursuant to a custody order, the court may, if deemed appropriate under the circumstances, grant an abatement of not less than thirty-eight percent nor more than sixty-six percent of the basic child support obligation for the nights the child resides with the obligor. The order granting the abatement shall specify the number of nights for which the abatement is allowed and the amount of the abatement. In deciding whether an abatement is appropriate, the court shall consider whether it would have a substantial negative effect on the child's standard of living. The court shall allow the abatement to the obligor in the month in which the parenting time is ordered or apportion the abatement over a period of twelve months. It shall be presumed that the parenting time is exercised. If the parenting time exercised substantially deviates from the parenting time ordered, either party may petition the court for modification of the support order without showing any other change in circumstances.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 14; SL 1997, ch 154, § 7; SL 2001, ch 133, § 2; SL 2005, ch 134, § 3; SL 2009, ch 130, § 6.


     25-7-6.15.   Allocation of travel costs by court. If travel costs are substantial due to the distance between the parents, the court may order the allocation of such costs, taking into consideration the circumstances of the respective parties as well as which parent moved and the reason that the move was made.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 15; SL 1997, ch 154, § 8.


     25-7-6.16.   Medical support--Insurance--Computation of costs--Apportionment between parents. The court shall enter an order addressing how the child's health care needs will be met by medical support. The medical support order shall include a provision for medical insurance if the insurance is accessible for the child and available to a parent at reasonable cost. Enrollment in public health coverage does not satisfy the medical support obligation if medical insurance is available to one or both of the parents at a reasonable cost and is accessible for the child. Medical insurance is considered accessible if a medical insurance benefit plan is available and provides coverage for the child residing within the geographic area covered by the insurance policy. Medical insurance is considered reasonable in cost if the cost attributable to the child is equal to or less than eight percent of the parent's net income as determined under this chapter, after proportionate medical support credit is applied, and the amount shall be specified in the order for support.
     The cost of the insurance attributable to the child is the cost of adding the child to existing coverage, the difference between self-only coverage and family coverage, or the cost of private medical insurance for the child. The cost attributable to the child under family coverage is the difference between self-only coverage and family coverage divided by the number of individuals, excluding the parent, enrolled in the family coverage. The cost so computed shall be apportioned between the parents on the basis of income or income imputed as provided in this chapter. If one parent pays the entire amount, that parent shall either be reimbursed by the other parent for that parent's portion of the payment or shall receive a credit against his or her support obligation, whichever is appropriate. Any additional, reasonable health care costs, including medical, optometric, dental or orthodontic, or counseling costs for each minor child which exceed two hundred fifty dollars in any year and are not covered by insurance, shall be apportioned between the parents in proportion to the support obligation of each parent. The parent that has primary physical custody of the child is responsible for the first two hundred fifty dollars of health care costs each calendar year.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 16; SL 1997, ch 154, § 9; SL 2009, ch 130, § 7; SL 2013, ch 119, § 1; SL 2018, ch 162, § 2.


     25-7-6.17.   Large adjustment in support phased in. In cases resulting in an adjustment of more than twenty-five percent in the support award, the court may phase in the adjustment over time.

Source: SL 1989, ch 220, § 17.


     25-7-6.18.   Order allocating child care expenses. The court may enter an order allocating the reasonable child care expenses for the child, which are due to employment of either parent, job search of either parent, or the training or education of either parent necessary to obtain a job or enhance earning potential. The court may consider whether the federal child care tax credit for such minor child is available as a benefit to the custodial parent. If the federal child care tax credit is available to the custodial parent, it shall be calculated at twenty-five percent of the eligible expense.

Source: SL 1997, ch 154, § 2.


     25-7-6.19.   Credit for child support arrearages for parent with primary physical custody during period of custody. Notwithstanding the provisions of § 25-7A-17 or 25-7-7.3, if, by agreement of the parties, the obligor had primary physical custody of the child for more than four consecutive months, the court may credit the obligor for child support arrearages which accumulated during the period the obligor had actual physical custody of the child.

Source: SL 1997, ch 154, § 10.


     25-7-6.20.   Lien on payment or installment of support under an order of support--Notice. Any payment or installment of support under an order for support, as defined by § 25-7A-1, whether entered by a court or an administrative entity of this state or any other state or jurisdiction, which is unpaid after the date it is due, is a lien by operation of law, with the full force and effect and attributes of a lien of this state, including enforceability, and is entitled, as a lien, to full faith and credit in this state.
     In order to preserve such lien, any Title IV-D agency may perfect and enforce a lien authorized by this section in the same manner as liens are perfected for the specific type of real and personal property upon which the lien is claimed. The priority of the lien shall be established as of its date of filing. The register of deeds office is not entitled to any fee for registering or filing any lien under this section.
     However, no lien is attached to any real or personal property which the obligor has transferred to another person who has purchased the property in good faith, for value, prior to the time that the Title IV-D agency's lien on the property has been perfected in the manner provided by law.

Source: SL 1997, ch 155, § 1; SL 1998, ch 156, § 1.


     25-7-6.21.   Credit on monthly support obligation for social security or veteran's dependent benefits. If the child receives social security or veteran's dependent benefits as a result of the obligor's disability, or social security retirement benefits from the obligor, the obligor is entitled to a credit to the amount of the monthly support obligation.

Source: SL 2005, ch 134, § 1.


     25-7-6.22.   Rebuttable presumption that second job income not to be considered in establishing support obligation. If a parent has annual primary employment earnings that equal or exceed the current state minimum hourly wage multiplied by one thousand eight hundred twenty hours, there is a rebuttable presumption that a parent's second job income is not to be considered in establishing a support obligation.

Source: SL 2005, ch 134, § 5; SL 2009, ch 130, § 8; SL 2017, ch 111, § 4.


     25-7-6.23.   Offset of support obligation when each parent has primary physical custody of at least one child--Computation--Assistance from department. If the parents have two or more children between them and each parent has primary physical custody of at least one child, the child support obligation shall be determined by computing the amount of each parent's respective support obligation for the children in the other parent's physical custody, and the support obligations shall be offset in determining a monthly support obligation. If one or more of the children are receiving assistance from the department as provided in § 28-7A-7, and in lieu of the offset, each parent shall be obligated to pay the respective support obligation amount to the other parent.

Source: SL 2005, ch 134, § 6.


     25-7-6.24.   Change of physical custody of child without court approval--Order to pay child support. If the parents of a child have agreed to a change in the physical custody of the child without the court's approval, the parent who relinquished physical custody may be ordered to pay child support to the parent who gained physical custody of the child even though the custody order has not been modified to reflect the change in custody.
     There is a rebuttable presumption that a parent has agreed to a change in physical custody if the change has occurred for a period of one hundred twenty consecutive days or more and the parent has not formally objected to the court, even in the absence of a formal written agreement.

Source: SL 2005, ch 134, § 11; SL 2018, ch 161, § 1.


     25-7-6.25.   Form to request reimbursement of medical or health care costs from parent--Small claims procedure. The department shall create and distribute a standardized form to allow a parent, guardian, or other custodian to request reimbursement of any medical or health care costs from the responsible parent. A parent, guardian, or custodian shall also be entitled to use the small claims procedure of chapter 15-39 as a means to collect unreimbursed medical or health care costs from the responsible parent.

Source: SL 2005, ch 134, § 12.


     25-7-6.26.   Effect of failure to furnish financial information. If a parent in a child support establishment or modification proceeding fails to furnish income or other financial information, the parent is in default, and that parent's income for purposes of determining child support shall be computed at a rate not less than the most recent annual pay standard as reported by the Department of Labor and Regulation unless good cause is shown to set support at a lower amount.

Source: SL 2009, ch 130, § 9; SL 2011, ch 1 (Ex. Ord. 11-1), § 33, eff. Apr. 12, 2011; SL 2013, ch 119, § 2.


     25-7-6.27.   Shared parenting child support cross credit. If a custody order by the court, contains a detailed shared parenting plan which provides that the child will reside no less than one hundred eighty nights per calendar year in each parent's home, and that the parents will share the duties and responsibilities of parenting the child and the expenses of the child in proportion to their incomes, the court may, if deemed appropriate under the circumstances, grant a cross credit on the amount of the child support obligation based on the number of nights the child resides with each parent. The shared parenting child support cross credit shall be calculated as follows:
             (1)      Multiply the parents' combined child support obligation under the schedule by 1.5 to establish the parents' combined shared parenting child support obligation;
             (2)      Multiply the combined shared parenting child support obligation by each parent's percentage share of the parents' combined net incomes to establish each parent's shared parenting child support obligation;
             (3)      Multiply each parent's shared parenting child support obligation by the percentage of nights the child resides with each parent based on a three hundred sixty-five day calendar year to establish each parent's prorated shared parenting child support obligation;
             (4)      Offset the parents' prorated shared parenting child support obligations; and
             (5)      The parent with the larger prorated shared parenting child support obligation shall pay the difference between these amounts.
     In deciding whether a shared parenting child support cross credit is appropriate, the court shall consider whether it would have a substantial negative effect on the child's standard of living.
     It is presumed that the parenting time is exercised. If the parenting time exercised substantially deviates from the parenting time ordered, either party may petition the court for a modification of the support order without showing any other change in circumstances.

Source: SL 2009, ch 130, § 10; SL 2015, ch 147, § 1.


     25-7-6.28.   Child residence with parent for a night--Residence for days. For the purposes of §§ 25-7-6.14 and 25-7-6.27, a child resides with a parent for a night if the child sleeps:
             (1)      At the residence of that parent at night, whether or not the parent is present; or
             (2)      In the company of the parent, if the child does not sleep at a parent's residence.
     If, in a calendar year, due to a parent's nighttime work schedule, a child resides with a parent for days, but not nights, the court may condition the abatement on the required days rather than nights. In those instances, on a school day, the child is treated as residing at the primary residence registered with the school.

Source: SL 2009, ch 130, § 11.


     25-7-7.   Repealed by SL 1989, ch 220, § 19


     25-7-7.1.   Continuation of duty to support. A parent's duty to support his child continues if the child is placed with the Department of Social Services for custody, for temporary guardianship, or for care and placement.

Source: SL 1987, ch 189, § 1.


     25-7-7.2.   Expenses incurred on child's behalf--Fee schedule. The secretary of social services may, pursuant to chapter 1-26, establish a fee schedule for all expenses incurred on a child's behalf while in the care of the department. Such fees may not exceed actual costs.

Source: SL 1987, ch 189, § 2.


     25-7-7.3.   Previously ordered support payments not subject to modification--Exception. Any previously ordered support payments that have become due, whether paid or unpaid, are not subject to modification by a court or administrative entity of this state, except those accruing in any period in which there is pending a petition for modification of the support obligation, but only from the date that notice of hearing of the petition has been given to the obligee, the obligor, and any other parties having an interest in such matter.

Source: SL 1987, ch 190; SL 2013, ch 119, § 3.


     25-7-7.4.   Unpaid payment or installment of support as judgment. Any payment or installment of support under an order for support, as defined by § 25-7A-1, whether entered by a court or an administrative entity of this state or of any other state or jurisdiction, which is unpaid after the date it is due, is a judgment by operation of law, with the full force, effect, and attributes of a judgment of this state, including enforceability, and is entitled, as a judgment, to full faith and credit in this state.

Source: SL 1987, ch 191, § 1.


     25-7-7.5.   Filing of sworn statement or certificate of unpaid support due--Effective date of judgment. In order to preserve such judgment against subsequent mortgages, purchasers, or judgment creditors for value and without actual notice of the lien on any property situated in a county, the support obligee or the secretary of the Department of Social Services may give notice of the judgment by filing in the office of the clerk of courts of the county in which the order for support is filed, or in any county in which a transcript of the order is filed and docketed, a sworn statement or certificate showing the amount of unpaid support due under the order. The clerk of courts shall file and docket the statement or certificate with the order for support or transcript thereof, as evidence of the amount of the judgment for support, as provided in chapter 15-16. The judgment shall be effective from the date and time of docketing the statement or certificate in the office of the clerk of courts.

Source: SL 1987, ch 191, § 2.


     25-7-7.6.   Court may order payment of arrearages. If, at any time, unpaid child support arrearages exist, the court may order the support obligor to pay towards the arrearages such sums as are ordered by the court, in addition to any other remedies of the support obligee.

Source: SL 2001, ch 133, § 4.


     25-7-7.7.   Termination of child support order upon disestablishment of paternity. If a presumed or legally determined father has a child support order and disestablishes his paternity pursuant to § 25-8-64, the child support order is automatically terminated from entry of the disestablishment order. The disestablished father continues to be responsible for any child support that accrued prior to the date of entry of the disestablishment order. However, nothing in this section precludes the disestablished father from bringing a separate cause of action for recovery of previously ordered child support.

Source: SL 2013, ch 119, § 4.


     25-7-8.   Stepparent's duty to support spouse's children. A stepparent shall maintain his spouse's children born prior to their marriage and is responsible as a parent for their support and education suitable to his circumstances, but such responsibility shall not absolve the natural or adoptive parents of the children from any obligation of support.

Source: SDC 1939, § 14.0311; SL 1971, ch 164; SL 1980, ch 190.


     25-7-9.   Adult child supported by parent. Except as provided in § 25-5-18.1, if a child, after attaining majority continues to serve and to be supported by the parent, neither party is entitled to compensation in the absence of an agreement therefor.

Source: SDC 1939, § 14.0317; SL 1987, ch 192.


     25-7-10.   Liability of parent for necessaries supplied to child. If a parent neglects to provide articles necessary for his child who is under his charge, according to his circumstances, a third person may in good faith supply such necessaries and recover the reasonable value thereof from the parent.

Source: SDC 1939, § 14.0313.


     25-7-11.   Repealed by SL 1992, ch 182, § 2


     25-7-12.   Allowances to parent out of child's property. The circuit court may direct an allowance to be made to a parent of a child, out of its property, for its past or future support and education, on such conditions as may be proper, whenever such direction is for its benefit.

Source: SDC 1939, § 14.0314.


     25-7-13.   Support of spouse and children out of property of absentee, prisoner or mentally ill person--Application to circuit court--Notice--Trial and judgment. In case the husband or wife abandon the other and remove from the state and remain absent therefrom one year or more, or be sentenced to imprisonment in the county jail or state penitentiary for a period of one year or more, or become mentally ill and be committed to the South Dakota Human Services Center, and the husband or wife of such person so imprisoned, mentally ill, or guilty of abandonment be without means of support, the circuit court for the county in which such husband or wife resides, upon application duly verified and supported by such evidence as the court deems sufficient, may, by order or decree, authorize and direct the applicant or some other suitable person to manage, control, sell, or encumber the property of such imprisoned, mentally ill, or offending person in order to make suitable provision for the support and maintenance of his or her husband or wife and minor children during the period of such abandonment, imprisonment, or mental illness. Notice of such application must be served in the same manner as the summons in civil actions and in case of appearance by the opposite party, trials and other proceedings may be had as in case of civil actions and all orders, judgments, and decrees entered shall have the same force and effect.

Source: SDC 1939, § 14.0205.


     25-7-14.   Reimbursement of county from deceased parent's estate for support provided child. If a parent chargeable with the support of a child dies leaving it chargeable upon the county, and leaving an estate sufficient for its support, the officers of the poor, in the name of the county, may claim provision for its support from the parent's estate by civil action, and for this purpose may have the same remedies as creditors against the estate and against the heirs, devisees, and next of kin of the parent.

Source: SDC 1939, § 14.0315.


     25-7-15.   Desertion of child under ten as felony. The parent of any child under the age of ten years and any person to whom any such child has been confided for nurture or education who deserts such child in any place with intent to wholly abandon the child, is guilty of a Class 4 felony.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.3201; SL 1977, ch 189, § 94; SL 2006, ch 130, § 10.


     25-7-16.   Nonsupport of child by parent as misdemeanor--Felony where parent leaves state--Spiritual treatment--Unemployment. A parent of a minor child who intentionally omits without lawful excuse to furnish necessary food, clothing, shelter, medical attendance, other remedial care, or other means of support for the person's child is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. If a parent, during a violation, leaves the state and is absent for more than thirty days, the person is guilty of a Class 6 felony. If a child is under treatment solely by spiritual means, the court may, as provided under § 26-8A-22, order that medical treatment be provided for the child. For the purposes of this section, unemployment without justifiable excuse or without verifiability of searching for employment is not a lawful excuse for noncompliance.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.3204 as enacted by SL 1963, ch 56, § 1; SL 1977, ch 189, § 95; SL 1981, ch 196; SL 1990, ch 170, § 3; SL 1991, ch 217, § 170; SL 1994, ch 201.


     25-7-16.1.   Cash bond for nonsupport applied to child support arrearages. Notwithstanding any provision of chapter 23A-43 to the contrary, any cash bond deposited with the court, whether or not personally posted by the defendant, to assure appearance of an individual charged with nonsupport of a child under § 25-7-15 or 25-7-16 or subject to civil proceedings to enforce child support obligations, may, at the discretion of the court, be ordered paid to the Department of Social Services or the support obligee and applied to child support arrearages either as a condition imposed by the court or as a result of the individual's failure to appear as required by the court.

Source: SL 2012, ch 144, § 1.


     25-7-17.   Abandonment or nonsupport of child by parent as prima facie evidence of intent. Proof of abandonment or desertion of a child by a parent, or the omission by a parent to furnish necessary food, clothing, shelter, medical attendance, other remedial care, or other means of support for his child is prima facie evidence that the abandonment, desertion, or omission is intentional and without lawful excuse.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.3204 as enacted by SL 1963, ch 56, § 1; SL 1982, ch 195, § 1.


     25-7-17.1.   Parent's choice of health services permitted in legitimate practice of religious beliefs not violation of support requirements. However, any parent who chooses nonmedical remedial health services recognized or permitted under state law in the legitimate practice of religious beliefs in lieu of medical attendance is not for that reason alone in violation of §§ 25-7-17 and 25-7-20.

Source: SL 1982, ch 195, § 4.


     25-7-18.   Repealed by SL 1982, ch 195, § 2


     25-7-19.   Marital status and divorce decrees immaterial to criminal liability--Status of unborn child. The provisions of §§ 25-7-16 to 25-7-20, inclusive, are applicable whether the parents of such child are married or divorced, and regardless of any decree made in any divorce action relative to alimony or to the support of the child. A child conceived but not yet born is to be deemed an existing person insofar as said sections are concerned.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.3204 as enacted by SL 1963, ch 56, § 1.


     25-7-20.   Parent's criminal liability not relieved by other parent's custody or support provided by others. This chapter may not be construed to relieve one parent from the criminal liability defined in § 25-7-16 for an omission because the other parent of the child is legally entitled to the custody of the child nor because the other parent of the child, or any other person, or organization, voluntarily or involuntarily furnishes necessary food, clothing, shelter, medical attendance, other remedial care, or other means of support for the child.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.3204 as enacted by SL 1963, ch 56, § 1; SL 1982, ch 195, § 3.


     25-7-20.1.   Complaint for nonsupport signed by representative of department. When any payment of public moneys has been made by the Department of Social Services, under the provisions of this chapter for the support or aid of any person, any representative of the department may sign a criminal complaint against that person for any violation of the provisions of this chapter.

Source: SL 1963, ch 332; SDCL, § 23-19-3; SL 1978, ch 164, § 6.


     25-7-21.   Repealed by SL 2018, ch 160, § 2.


     25-7-22.   Communications not privileged in nonsupport prosecutions--Husband and wife as witnesses. In all prosecutions under § 25-7-4 or under §§ 25-7-16 to 25-7-20, inclusive, any existing provisions of law prohibiting the disclosure of confidential communications between husband and wife shall not apply, and both husband and wife shall be competent to testify to any and all relevant matters, including the fact of marriage and the parentage of a child or children.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.3207 as enacted by SL 1963, ch 56, § 1.


     25-7-23.   Abandonment and nonsupport of spouse or children as prima facie evidence of intent. Proof of the abandonment and nonsupport of a spouse, or of the omission to furnish necessary food, clothing, shelter, or of medical attendance for a child or children is prima facie evidence that such abandonment and nonsupport or omission to furnish necessary food, clothing, shelter, or medical attendance is intentional.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.3207 as enacted by SL 1963, ch 56, § 1; SL 1984, ch 12, § 51.


     25-7-24.   Release on undertaking to support spouse or child--Amount and terms of undertaking. If after arrest and before trial or after conviction and before sentence, the party arrested or convicted pursuant to § 25-7-4 or §§ 25-7-16 to 25-7-20, inclusive, shall appear before the court in which the case is pending or the conviction had and enter into an undertaking to the state in a sum to be fixed by the court, which may not exceed two thousand dollars, with or without sureties as may be determined by the court, conditioned that the party will furnish his or her spouse with necessary and proper home, food, care, and clothing, or that the party will furnish his or her child with a proper home, food, care, and clothing, then the court may release the defendant.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.3203; SL 1963, ch 56, § 3; SL 1984, ch 12, § 52.


     25-7-25.   Cancellation of undertaking for support on demonstration of good faith. The undertaking shall remain in force so long as the court deems necessary, but whenever it shall appear to the court, by affidavit or otherwise, that the defendant is then, and for a reasonable time prior thereto has been in good faith, furnishing his or her spouse or child with a necessary and proper home, food, care, and clothing, the court may cancel the undertaking.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.3203; SL 1963, ch 56, § 3; SL 1984, ch 12, § 53.


     25-7-26.   Arrest and forfeiture of undertaking on failure to comply--Trial--Commitment or release on new undertaking. If a defendant fails to comply with the undertaking, he or she may be arrested on a warrant issued from the court in which the case is pending or the conviction was had. The court may thereupon order a forfeiture of the undertaking and that the defendant be tried or committed in execution of the sentence, or for good cause shown, may release the defendant upon a new undertaking.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.3203; SL 1963, ch 56, § 3; SL 1984, ch 12, § 54.


     25-7-26.1.   Posting bond by obligor--Notice. In any civil or administrative action provided by law for the enforcement of support, any person owing the support may be required to give security, or post a bond or undertaking to secure payment of the overdue support. Notice shall be sent to the obligor regarding the proposed action to enforce the overdue support obligation, the requirement of posting bond and the procedures available for contesting the bonding requirement.

Source: SL 1986, ch 218, § 55.


     25-7-27.   Adult child's duty to support parent when necessary--Notice required. Any adult child, having the financial ability to do so, shall provide necessary food, clothing, shelter, or medical attendance for a parent who is unable to provide for oneself. However, no claim may be made against such adult child until the adult child is given written notice that the child's parent is unable to provide for oneself, and such adult child has refused to provide for the child's parent. Notice required by this section shall be given within ninety days after the necessary food, clothing, shelter, or medical attendance, claimed in the notice, was first provided for the parent. However, in the case of fraud or misrepresentation, notice shall be provided within ninety days after such fraud or misrepresentation is known or should have been known. If the parent or someone acting on behalf of the parent makes application for assistance pursuant to chapter 28-13, the county shall give the written notice required herein within ninety days after it receives the application or notice required under § 28-13-1, 28-13-32.3, 28-13-32.4, or 28-13-34.1, whichever is sooner.

Source: SDC 1939, § 14.0320 as enacted by SL 1963, ch 61; SL 2000, ch 118, § 1.


     25-7-28.   Adult child's right of contribution from brothers and sisters for support of parent--Notice required. In the event necessary food, clothing, shelter, or medical attendance is provided for a parent by a child, he shall have the right of contribution from his adult brothers and sisters, who refuse or do not assist in such maintenance, on a pro rata share to the extent of their ability to so contribute to such support; provided that no right of contribution for support shall accrue except from and after notice in writing is given by the child so providing for his parent.

Source: SDC 1939, § 14.0312 as added by SL 1963, ch 62.


     25-7-29.   Repealed by SL 1992, ch 26, § 5


     25-7-30.   Proof of marriage and parentage. No other evidence shall be required to prove marriage of husband and wife, or that a person is the lawful father or mother of a child or children, than is or shall be required to prove such facts in a civil action.

Source: SDC 1939, § 13.3207 as enacted by SL 1963, ch 56, § 1.


     25-7-31 to 25-7-36.   Repealed by SL 1986, ch 218, §§ 62 to 67


     25-7-37.   Chronically delinquent defined. For the purposes of § 25-7-38, the term, chronically delinquent, means the child support is paid ten or more days after the date the child support is due in each of three or more months in any twelve-month consecutive period, or the child support paid is less than ninety percent of the amount due in each of three or more months in any twelve-month consecutive period.

Source: SL 2009, ch 135, § 1.


     25-7-38.   Late fee for certain chronically delinquent child support payments. An obligor found to be chronically delinquent in child support payments or installments as required under an order for support, as defined in § 25-7A-1, is subject to a late payment fee equal to ten percent of the ordered child support or fifty dollars, whichever is greater, for each month in the preceding twelve months that the payment was ten or more days delinquent or the payment was less than ninety percent of the ordered child support. Any obligee seeking the late payment fee shall file in the office of the clerk of courts of the county in which the order was filed, or in a county in which a transcript of the order is filed and docketed, a petition showing the date of receipt of each month of delinquent payment, the amount received, and the amount due and requesting that a late fee be ordered. Upon filing of the petition, the obligee shall serve, by certified mail or as otherwise provided by law, a copy of the petition to the obligor. The service of such notice shall be deemed complete when proof of the service is filed with the court. The obligor has ten days from service to object to the imposition of a late fee. If a party objects within ten days of service the court shall conduct a hearing as soon as practical. The obligor has the burden of showing an inability to timely pay child support payments or installments as required under an order of support. Based upon the evidence presented at the hearing, the court may order the obligor to pay a late fee or may order any other relief as it deems appropriate.

Source: SL 2009, ch 135, § 2.


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