10-6A-1. Definition of terms.

Terms as used in this chapter mean:

(1)    "Base year," for any property owner who reached sixty-five years of age or became disabled in or prior to 1981, the base year is 1977. For any property owner who reaches sixty-five years of age or becomes disabled after 1981, the base year is the year in which the property owner reaches sixty-five years of age or the year in which the property owner becomes disabled. In the case of a surviving spouse, the base year is the year that would have been the base year of the deceased spouse;

(2)    "Base year assessment," the actual assessed value of a single-family dwelling in the base year or, at the applicant's election, a year subsequent to the base year. The applicant need not have been the owner of the dwelling during the base year;

(3)    "Department," the South Dakota Department of Revenue;

(4)    "Disabled," any person who receives or is qualified to receive monetary payments, pursuant to Title II, X, XIV, or XVI of the Social Security Act, as amended to January 1, 2008, for all or part of the year for which a property tax assessment freeze application is made;

(5)    "Household," the association of persons who live in the same dwelling, sharing its furnishings, facilities, and accommodations, but not including bona fide lessees, tenants, or roomers and boarders on contract;

(6)    "Household income," all income received during the preceding calendar year by all persons of a household while members of the household;

(7)    "Income," the sum of adjusted gross income as defined in the United States Internal Revenue Code, as defined by § 10-1-47, and IRA disbursements, the amount of capital gains excluded from adjusted gross income, alimony, support money, nontaxable strike benefits, cash public assistance and relief, the gross amount of any pension or annuity, including Railroad Retirement Act benefits and veterans disability pensions, all payments received under the federal social security and state reemployment assistance or unemployment insurance laws, nontaxable interest, life insurance proceeds that exceed twenty thousand dollars, any gift or inheritance that exceeds five hundred dollars, proceeds from a court action, any sale of a personal item that exceeds five hundred dollars, foster care income, and workers' compensation;

(8)    "Property owner," the owner of a dwelling as recorded by the register of deeds in the county where the dwelling is located. A joint tenant, an owner of a life estate, a beneficiary of a trust, and a vendee of a contract for deed as filed with the register of deeds in the county where the dwelling is located is considered to be an owner;

(9)    "Real property tax assessment freeze," for tax purposes, the assessment of a single-family dwelling as recorded in the base year on the county assessment roll and held constant at that value;

(10)    "Secretary," the secretary of the South Dakota Department of Revenue;

(11)    "Single-family dwelling," a house, condominium apartment, or manufactured home as defined in § 32-3-1 that is assessed and taxed as a separate unit including the platted lot upon which the structure is situated or one acre, whichever is less, and the garage, whether attached or unattached;

(12)    "Surviving spouse," the spouse of a deceased property owner who has not remarried.

Source: SL 1980, ch 74, § 1; SL 1981, ch 81, § 1; SL 1981, ch 82; SL 1983, ch 69, § 1; SL 1990, ch 74, § 1; SL 2003, ch 272 (Ex. Ord. 03-1), § 82; SL 2008, ch 45, § 1; SL 2008, ch 46, § 1; SL 2009, ch 39, § 6; SL 2010, ch 45, § 6; SL 2011, ch 1 (Ex. Ord. 11-1), § 161, eff. Apr. 12, 2011; SL 2011, ch 48, § 6; SL 2012, ch 59, § 6; SL 2013, ch 42, § 6; SL 2014, ch 54, § 6; SL 2015, ch 62, § 6; SL 2016, ch 54, § 7; SL 2019, ch 216, § 24; SL 2022, ch 30, § 1.