13-13-73. Calculation of state aid for each school district.

No later than July 1, 2016, a school district shall notify the secretary of education in writing as to whether the school district's state aid is to be calculated using the alternative local need calculation. If a school district chooses the alternative local need calculation, the school district shall notify the secretary in writing no later than July first of each subsequent fiscal year as to whether to continue to use the alternative local need calculation for that fiscal year. If a school district chooses not to use the alternative local need calculation, the school district may not use that calculation in any subsequent school year. The secretary of the Department of Education shall compute state aid to education for each school district according to the following calculations:

(1)    For school districts not utilizing the alternative local need calculation, state aid is local need as defined in § 13-13-10.1 minus local effort, or zero if the calculation is a negative number;

(2)    For school districts utilizing the alternative local need calculation, state aid is the alternative local need as defined in subdivision 13-13-10.1(12) minus local effort, or zero if the calculation is a negative number;

(3)    If the state aid appropriation for the general support of education is in excess of the entitlement provided for in this section and the entitlement provided for in § 13-13-85, the excess shall be used to fund any shortfall of the appropriation as provided for in § 13-37-36.3. The secretary shall report to the Governor by January seventh of each year, the amount of state aid necessary to fully fund the general aid formula in the current year. If a shortfall in the state aid appropriation for general education exists that cannot be covered by § 13-37-45, the Governor shall inform the Legislature and provide a proposal to eliminate the shortfall.

Source: SL 1995, ch 94, § 39; SL 1997, ch 98, § 11; SL 1997, ch 103, § 2; SL 2000, ch 84, § 6; SL 2003, ch 272 (Ex. Ord. 03-1), § 63; SL 2007, ch 93, § 8; SL 2010, ch 84, § 2; SL 2011, ch 102, § 7; SL 2013, ch 7, § 38; SL 2015, ch 89, § 16; SL 2016, ch 83, § 9; SL 2021, ch 73, § 6.