32-41-1. Definitions.

The terms used in this chapter mean:

(1)    "Automated driving system," the hardware and software that are collectively capable of performing the entire dynamic driving task on a sustained basis;

(2)    "Dynamic driving task," all of the real-time operational and tactical functions required to operate a vehicle in on-road traffic within an automated driving system's operational design domain, excluding strategic functions such as trip scheduling and selection of destinations and waypoints, including without limitation:

(a)    Lateral vehicle motion control via steering;

(b)    Longitudinal motion control via acceleration and deceleration;

(c)    Monitoring the driving environment via object and event detection, recognition, classification, and response preparation;

(d)    Object and event response execution;

(e)    Maneuver planning; and

(f)    Enhancing conspicuity via lighting, signaling, and gesturing;

(3)    "Dynamic driving task fallback," the response by the person or human driver to either perform the dynamic driving task or achieve a minimal risk condition after the occurrence of a dynamic driving task performance-relevant system failure or upon operational design domain exit, or the response by an automated driving system to achieve minimal risk condition, under the same circumstances;

(4)    "Fully autonomous vehicle," a motor vehicle equipped with an automated driving system designed to function without a human driver as a level 4 or 5 system under SAE J3016B;

(5)    "Human driver," a natural person with a valid license to operate a motor vehicle who controls all or part of the dynamic driving task;

(6)    "Minimal risk condition," a reasonably safe condition to which a person, human driver, or an automated driving system may bring a vehicle after performing the dynamic driving task fallback to reduce the risk of a crash when a given trip cannot or should not be completed;

(7)    "Motor vehicle," all vehicles or machines, trailers, semitrailers, recreational vehicles, truck tractors, and road tractors propelled by any power other than muscular and used upon the public highways for the transportation of persons or property, or both;

(8)    "On-demand autonomous vehicle network," a transportation service network that uses a software application or other digital means to dispatch or otherwise enable the pre-arrangement of transportation with fully autonomous vehicles for purposes of transporting passengers or goods;

(9)    "Operational design domain," the operating conditions under which a given automated driving system is designed to function, including environmental, geographical, and time-of-day restrictions, or the presence or absence of certain traffic or roadway characteristics;

(10)    "Request to intervene," notification by an automated driving system to a human driver that the human driver should promptly begin or resume part or all of the dynamic driving task; and

(11)    "SAE J3016B," the Taxonomy and Definitions for Terms Related to Driving Automation Systems for On-Road Motor Vehicles published by SAE International in April 2021.

Source: SL 2024, ch 122, § 1.