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         A CONCURRENT RESOLUTION,  Expressing legislative support for the preservation of the words, under God, in the pledge of allegiance.
     WHEREAS,  the first amendment to the United States Constitution, which guarantees religious freedom to all Americans, is the literal keystone of our nation's political edifice; and
     WHEREAS,  the just and proper convictions of the Founding Fathers were not limited to a perpetual prohibition against the establishment of any one religion, but were predicated upon a fervent desire to foster an abiding spirit of tolerance not only for all religions, but for all religious philosophies; and
     WHEREAS,  much of the contentious recent first amendment litigation has been premised on the mistaken theory that the first amendment was designed to establish an areligious or even an antireligious context for religious worship in America instead of an America deeply committed to the respectful toleration of all religious consciences:
     NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED,  by the House of Representatives of the Eightieth Legislature of the State of South Dakota, the Senate concurring therein, that the Legislature deplores all litigation motivated by any misguided determination to substitute restrictive minority viewpoints for traditional American religious tolerance; and
     BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED,  that the Legislature supports the retention of all traditional, nondenominational references to God or the concept of divinity as incorporated in the national pledge of allegiance, the national motto, many state mottos, and various oaths of office and similar legal formulations.

Adopted by the House of Representatives,

January 20, 2005

Concurred in by the Senate,
January 24, 2005


Matthew Michels
Speaker of the House  

Karen Gerdes
Chief Clerk of the House  



Dennis Daugaard
President of the Senate  

Patricia Adam
Secretary of the Senate