State of South Dakota  
EIGHTY-THIRD SESSION
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY, 2008  

843P0591   SENATE BILL   NO.   174  

Introduced by:     Senators Hansen (Tom), Abdallah, Albers, Bartling, Dempster, Duenwald, Gant, Garnos, Greenfield, Hanson (Gary), Hauge, Hunhoff, Koetzle, McCracken, Olson (Ed), Peterson (Jim), and Sutton and Representatives Rave, Boomgarden, Brunner, Burg, Cutler, Davis, Deadrick, Dennert, Dykstra, Faehn, Gassman, Gilson, Glenski, Halverson, Hargens, Haverly, Heineman, Juhnke, Kirkeby, Krebs, McLaughlin, Miles, Moore, Noem, Novstrup (Al), Novstrup (David), Olson (Russell), Pederson (Gordon), Peters, Steele, Street, Van Etten, Vanneman, Weems, Wick, and Willadsen
 

         FOR AN ACT ENTITLED, An Act to  revise certain provisions relating to the exercise of eminent domain by railroads.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA:
     Section 1.  That § 49-16A-75 be amended to read as follows:
     49-16A-75.   A railroad may exercise the right of eminent domain in acquiring right-of-way as provided by statute, but only upon obtaining authority from the Governor or if directed by the Governor, or the commission, based upon a determination by the Governor or the commission that the railroad's exercise of the right of eminent domain would be for a public use consistent with public necessity. The Governor or the commission shall consider the requirements of §§ 49-16A-75.1 to 49-16A-75.3, inclusive, when granting or denying an application for authority to use eminent domain. The decision to grant or deny an application shall be made after reasonable notice and opportunity to be heard, pursuant to chapter 1-26. However, an

impartial hearing examiner may be appointed by the Governor or the commission to administer the proceedings or make recommendations. The hearing examiner is only subject to recusal by timely motion and evidence establishing actual personal bias or prejudice concerning a party. The Governor or the chair of the commission shall replace the hearing examiner within five business days upon any recusal. A hearing shall be held and a decision rendered within sixty days following the receipt of a new application. Any amendment of this statute affecting the procedures for conducting a hearing shall be applied to any application pending before the Governor or the commission on the effective date of the amendment. A pending application shall be heard and decided within thirty days of the effective date of any amendment of this statute.

     The denial or withdrawal of an application does not prejudice the ability of a railroad to resubmit an application. Any appeal, pursuant to chapter 1-26, taken from a decision of the Governor or the commission shall be handled as an expedited appeal by the courts of this state.
     Section 2.  That § 49-16A-75.3 be amended to read as follows:
     49-16A-75.3.   A railroad's exercise of the right of eminent domain is a public use consistent with public necessity only if the use of eminent domain is proposed by an applicant who has negotiated in good faith to privately acquire sufficient property without the use of eminent domain. No determination of public use or necessity or any other issue properly decided by the Governor or the commission may be addressed by the circuit court in an action for condemnation. Such a determination may only be challenged upon direct appeal of that determination. Notwithstanding appeal of such determination, the railroad may proceed at any time by action in circuit court for possession and determination of compensation for any real property taken or damaged.
     Section 3.  That chapter 49-16A be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read

as follows:

     Upon a failure to reach agreement on compensation following a determination pursuant to §  49-16A-75.3, either party may bring a proceeding in state court to establish compensation to be paid for the property taken or damaged. The court shall expedite the proceedings. A railroad is not entitled to physical possession of the property to be taken pursuant to the exercise of eminent domain except upon the earlier to occur of either:
             (1)    Execution of a written agreement between the parties as to fair market value of compensation;
             (2)    Entry of a judgment of condemnation in the circuit court; or
             (3)    Upon posting by the railroad of a bond to be established by the court as soon as possible but no later than one hundred twenty days following petition by the railroad for possession. The bond shall be in an amount the court determines to be a preliminary estimate of compensation based on the best information available, but is not determinative of final compensation or admissible as evidence thereon.